Model Pengaruh Desain Geometri dan Fasilitas Jalan Terhadap Karakteristik Kecelakaan (Studi Kasus: Ruas-Ruas Jalan di Pusat Kota Malang).

Lipesik, Elsye Sherley (2014) Model Pengaruh Desain Geometri dan Fasilitas Jalan Terhadap Karakteristik Kecelakaan (Studi Kasus: Ruas-Ruas Jalan di Pusat Kota Malang). Sarjana thesis, Universitas Brawijaya.

Abstract

Kecelakaan lalu lintas di Kota Malang pada tahun 2012 mengakibatkan 77 orang meninggal dunia, delapan orang luka berat, dan 352 orang luka ringan. Kecelakaan fatal yang semakin banyak terjadi mengakibatkan kerugian material mengalami peningkatan. Kecamatan Klojen, sebagai pusat Kota Malang, mempunyai guna lahan yang bervariasi sehingga menjadi sumber tarikan yang besar bagi kawasan di sekitarnya. Desain geometri dan fasilitas jalan merupakan faktor penting penyebab terjadinya kecelakaan. Kesalahan manusia terjadi karena kesalahan infrastruktur jalan, yaitu rambu lalu lintas yang tidak terlihat jelas, deretan pohon yang mengganggu jarak pandang, kondisi jalan yang rusak dan bergelombang, lampu penerangan jalan kurang layak. Lokasi penelitian merupakan lokasi dengan jumlah kecelakaan tertinggi di Kecamatan Klojen. Oleh karena itu, penelitian ini dilakukan untuk mengurangi tingkat kecelakaan dengan memberikan solusi terkait desain geometri dan fasilitas jalan bagi pengguna jalan. Penelitian ini merupakan penelitian deskriptif kuantitatif. Metode analisis yang digunakan adalah analisis tingkat pelayanan jalan dan analisis audit keselamatan jalan, untuk menganalisis kualitas desain geometri dan fasilitas jalan, analisis angka kecelakaan, analisis angka keparahan korban, dan analisis daerah rawan kecelakaan untuk menganalisis tingkat kerawanan kecelakaan, serta analisis regresi linier berganda untuk menganalisis pengaruh desain geometri dan fasilitas jalan terhadap karakteristik kecelakaan. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa kualitas desain geometri dan fasilitas jalan akan semakin buruk apabila nilai audit keselamatan jalan semakin tinggi. Ruas-ruas rawan kecelakaan yaitu Jalan Jaksa Agung Suprapto, Jalan Basuki Rahmat, Jalan Kawi, Jalan Merdeka Utara, dan Jalan Merdeka Timur karena memiliki angka kecelakaan dan angka keparahan korban melebihi batas kontrol atas. Desain geometri dan fasilitas jalan berpengaruh secara linier terhadap karakteristik kecelakaan. Semakin banyak permasalahan terkait desain geometri dan fasilitas jalan, maka semakin tinggi pula kecelakaan yang terjadi. Model pengaruh desain geometri dan fasilitas jalan terhadap karakteristik kecelakaan yaitu: • Jumlah kecelakaan = -849,652 + 77,275 X1 + 127,435 X4 + 129,007 X5 + 80,935 X7 • Angka kecelakaan = -142,217 + 29,292 X4 + 66,733 X6 • Angka keparahan korban = -3072,913 + 294,625 X1 + 461,409 X4 + 445,043 X5 + 302,609 X7 dengan X1 adalah kondisi umum jalan, X4 adalah lalu lintas tak bermotor, X5 adalah kondisi penerangan, X7 adalah rambu dan marka jalan, serta X7 adalah kondisi permukaan jalan.

Item Type: Thesis (Sarjana)
Identification Number: SKR/FT/2014/339/051404303
Subjects: 300 Social sciences > 307 Communities > 307.1 Planning and development > 307.121 6 City planning
Divisions: Fakultas Teknik > Teknik Perencanaa Wilayah dan Kota
Depositing User: Hasbi
Date Deposited: 26 Aug 2014 10:09
Last Modified: 12 Nov 2021 07:19
URI: http://repository.ub.ac.id/id/eprint/142626
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