Hubungan Paparan Media Elektronik dan Tingkat Pengetahuan Mengenai Menstruasi Usia Menarche Siswi SD Hangtuah 9 Sidoarjo.

Lisyadi, MentariJanuar (2014) Hubungan Paparan Media Elektronik dan Tingkat Pengetahuan Mengenai Menstruasi Usia Menarche Siswi SD Hangtuah 9 Sidoarjo. Sarjana thesis, Universitas Brawijaya.

Abstract

Menarche adalah salah satu tanda perubahan pubertas pada perempuan. Pada studi epidemiologi didapatkan bahwa usia menarche semakin tahun mengalami percepatan. Beberapa hasil penelitian terdahulu menunjukkan adanya penurunan usia menarche yang diduga berhubungan dengan faktor endogen yaitu genetik dan faktor eksogen, yaitu kondisi lingkungan, status gizi, asupan nutrisi, kadar lemak tubuh, aktifitas fisik, status sosioekonomi, tingkat pengetahuan, status kesehatan dan paparan media massa. Usia menarche yang terlalu cepat atau terlalu lambat merupakan keadaan yang patologis akibat gangguan aksis hipotalamus, hipofisis, dan ovarium. Menarche yang terlalu dini dapat meningkatkan risiko terjadinya kanker payudara, obesitas, kanker endometrial, dan uterine leiomyomata. Desain penelitian ini adalah dengan metode Cross section al. Penelitian ini dilaksanakan di SD Hang Tuah 9 sidoarjo. Jumlah sampel terdiri dari 32 siswi yang ditentukan dengan metode total sampling. Hasil penelitian didapatkan rata-rata usia menarche adalah 11,03 ± 0,594. Hasil analisis bivariat menggunakan Spearman menunjukkan ada hubungan antara paparan media elektronik dengan usia menarche ( p value = 0,001) dan ada hubungan antara tingkat pengetahuan mengenai menstruasi dengan usia menarche ( p value = 0,001).

English Abstract

Menarche is one of primary female’s puberty sign. An epidemiological study found that every years, age of menarche was accelerating . Several recent studies showed there was a decrease age of menarche that related to endogenous factors , such as genetic and exogenous factors such as : environmental conditions , nutritional status , nutrition intake, body fat, physical activity, socioeconomic status, level of knowledge, health status, and exposure of mass media . Age of menarche which too early or too late is a pathological condition due to disruption of the hypothalamic, pituitary, and ovary. Early menarche can increase the risk of breast cancer, obesity, endometrial cancer, and uterine leiomyomata. The design of this research is the cross sectional method . This research was conducted in elementary school of Hang Tuah 9 Sidoarjo . The subject was 32 female students who determined by total sampling. Research results showed that average onset of menarche is 11,03 ± 0,594. Bivariat analisys using Spearman showed electronic media exposure is associated with menarche onset (p value = 0,001) and level of knowledge about menstruation is associated with menarche onset (p-value = 0,001)

Item Type: Thesis (Sarjana)
Identification Number: SKR/FK/2014/68/051401144
Subjects: 600 Technology (Applied sciences) > 618 Gynecology, obstetrics, pediatrics, geriatrics > 618.2 Obstetrics
Divisions: Fakultas Kedokteran > Kebidanan
Depositing User: Endang Susworini
Date Deposited: 21 Feb 2014 14:34
Last Modified: 22 Oct 2021 05:18
URI: http://repository.ub.ac.id/id/eprint/124699
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