Analisis Kelayakan Investasi Pembelian Mesin Laser Cutting Di PT Rekavisitama

Sinaga, Olivia Indasari (2017) Analisis Kelayakan Investasi Pembelian Mesin Laser Cutting Di PT Rekavisitama. Sarjana thesis, Universitas Brawijaya.

Abstract

PT Rekavisitama merupakan perusahaan yang bergerak dalam bidang desain dan produksi perangkat elektronika. Permintaan setiap produk dari PT Rekavisitama mengalami peningkatan selama beberapa tahun terakhir. Seiring dengan meningkatnya permintaan tersebut, perusahaan berencana untuk memperbesar kapasitas produksi dengan membeli mesin produksi yaitu satu buah mesin laser cutting yang nantinya akan digunakan sebagai mesin utama dalam pembuatan setiap produk di perusahaan. Terdapat 2 alternatif mesin laser cutting yang akan dibeli. Pembelian mesin ini memerlukan dana yang cukup besar dan dampaknya bersifat sangat panjang, oleh karena itu dibutuhkan suatu analisis kelayakan sehingga dapat membantu perusahaan dalam menentukan keputusan penilaian kelayakan investasi pembelian mesin apakah layak atau tidak untuk dijalankan. Pada penelitian ini, dilakukan analisis kelayakan yang ditinjau dari aspek finansial. Metode yang digunakan dalam menilai kelayakan investasi adalah Net Present Value (NPV), Payback Period, Internal Rate of Return (IRR) dan Profitability Index (PI). Metode-metode kelayakan investasi tersebut akan dihitung pada setiap alternatif mesin untuk dilihat berapa nilai yang diperoleh pada setiap alternatif dan kemudian dibandingkan dengan standar kelayakan yang berlaku pada setiap metode. Selain itu juga dilakukan analisis sensitivitas untuk mengetahui seberapa sensitif suatu keputusan terhadap perubahan faktor-faktor atau parameter-parameter. Analisis sensitivitas menggunakan 3 skenario. Skenario 1 dilakukan dengan mengubah nilai dari tingkat bunga yang digunakan dalam perhitungan metode kelayakan investasi. Skenario 2 dilakukan dengan cara menaikkan biaya operasional. Skenario 3 dilakukan dengan cara menurunkan penjualan perusahaan. Berdasarkan hasil penilaian kelayakan investasi, nilai NPV untuk alternatif 1 adalah Rp. 4.535.596.656,00 dan alternatif 2 sebesar Rp. 4.636.431.773,00. Payback Period untuk alternatif 1 adalah 1 tahun 2 bulan 18 hari dan alternatif 2 adalah 11 bulan 9 hari. Nilai IRR alternatif 1 adalah 107,1% dan alternatif 2 sebesar 141%. Nilai PI untuk alternatif 1 adalah 15,39% dan alternatif 2 sebesar 21,6. Dari keempat metode yang digunakan, investasi mesin laser cutting layak untuk dijalankan serta alternatif 2 diusulkan sebagai alternatif yang dipilih. Berdasarkan hasil analisis sensitivitas, tingkat suku bunga bukan merupakan komponen yang sensitif terhadap kelayakan investasi pada kedua alternatif investasi sedangkan biaya operasional dan penjualan merupakan kompenen yang sensitif terhadap kelayakan investasi pada kedua alternatif investasi.

English Abstract

PT Rekavisitama is a company engaged in the design and production of electronic devices. The demand for each product from PT Rekavisitama has increased over the past few years. Along with the increasing demand, the company plans to expand its production capacity by purchasing a production machine that is one unit of laser cutting machine which will be used as the main engine in the manufacture of each product in the company. There are 2 alternative laser cutting machine that will be purchased. The purchase of this machine requires substantial funds and very long impact, therefore, a feasibility analysis is needed so that it can help the company in determining the investment feasibility assessment decision whether the purchase of machinery is feasible or not to do. In this study, a feasibility analysis is reviewed from the financial aspect. The methods used in assessing investment feasibility are Net Present Value (NPV), Payback Period, Internal Rate of Return (IRR) and Profitability Index (PI). The investment feasibility methods will be calculated on each machine alternative to see how the values obtained in each alternative and then compared with the applicable eligibility standards for each method. In addition, sensitivity analysis is also conducted to find out how sensitive a decision to the change of factors or parameters. Sensitivity analysis use 3 scenarios. Scenario 1 is implemented by changing the value of the interest rate used in the calculation of the investment feasibility method. Scenario 2 is implemented by increasing operational cost. Scenario 3 is implemented by lowering the company's sales. Based on the results of the investment feasibility assessment, the value of NPV for alternative 1 is Rp. 4.535.596.656,00 and alternative 2 is Rp. 4.636.431.773,00. Payback Period for alternative 1 is 1 year 2 months 18 days and alternative 2 is 11 months 9 days. The value of IRR for alternative 1 is 107.1% and alternative 2 is 141%. The value of PI for alternative 1 is 15.39% and alternative 2 is 21.6. Of the four methods used, investment of laser cutting machine is feasible to do, and alternative 2 is proposed as the chosen alternative. Based on the results of sensitivity analysis, the interest rate is not a sensitive component to the investment feasibility of both investment alternatives while the operational and sales cost are a sensitive components to the investment feasibility of both investment alternatives.

Item Type: Thesis (Sarjana)
Identification Number: SKR/FT/2017/616/051707209
Uncontrolled Keywords: Mesin Laser Cutting, Investasi, Analisis Kelayakan, Analisis Sensitivitas
Subjects: 600 Technology (Applied sciences) > 670 Manufacturing > 670.4 Special topics of manufacturing
Divisions: Fakultas Teknik > Teknik Industri
Depositing User: Yusuf Dwi N.
Date Deposited: 24 Aug 2017 08:16
Last Modified: 07 Jul 2022 08:29
URI: http://repository.ub.ac.id/id/eprint/1663
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