Kajian Daya Dukung Aspek Fisik Dan Manajemen Perkebunan Dan Pabrik Kelapa Sawit Sei Mangkei

Arentika, Olivia Debby (2014) Kajian Daya Dukung Aspek Fisik Dan Manajemen Perkebunan Dan Pabrik Kelapa Sawit Sei Mangkei. Sarjana thesis, Universitas Brawijaya.

Abstract

Kawasan Industri Sei Mangkei telah disahkan menjadi Kawasan Ekonomi Khusus pada tahun 2012. Luas KEK Sei Mangkei adalah 2002 Ha. Hal tersebut sejalan dengan program yang tertuang dalam MP3EI, yakni peningkatan potensi ekonomi wilayah melalui koridor ekonomi mengindikasikan untuk mengembangkan klaster industri dan Kawasan Ekonomi Khusus (KEK). Koridor Ekonomi Sumatera termasuk dalamnya Kabupaten Simalungun memiliki kegiatan ekonomi utama yakni kelapa sawit dan tengah mengembangkan KEK Sei Mangkei . Perkebunan dan Pabrik Kelapa Sawit Sei Mangkei yang terletak di Kabupaten Simalungun, Provinsi Sumatera Utara menjadi salah satu bagian dari pengembangan Kawasan Ekonomi Khusus (KEK) Sei Mangkei. Kebun kelapa sawit milik Sei Mangkei tersebar di Kecamatan Bandar, Bosar Maligas dan Gunung Malela. Kegiatan usaha kelapa sawit dan turunannya dianggap menjadi ancaman bagi lingkungan, sementara pembangunan perkebunan kelapa sawit diharapkan tidak hanya menguntungkan dari aspek ekonomi melainkan perlu memperhatikan aspek sosial dan lingkungan. Daya dukung perkebunan dan pabrik kelapa sawit merupakan salah satu elemen untuk menentukan keberlanjutan perkebunan kelapa sawit. Daya dukung dalam penelitian ini dibagi menjadi daya dukung fisik dan manajemen. Tujuan dari penelitian ini adalah untuk menentukan daya dukung perkebunan dan pabrik kelapa sawit Sei Mangkei dilihat berdasarkan aspek fisik dan manajemen. Penentuan sampel dalam penelitian ini menggunaakan snowball sampling dengan jumlah responden 33 orang. Analisis yang digunakan untuk menghitung daya dukung fisik antara lain analisis kemampuan dan kesesuaian lahan, daya dukung wilayah, analisis indeks kemampuan wilayah, analisis produktivitas. Sementara itu analisis yang digunakan untuk menilai aspek manajemen adalah ketetapan peraturan mengenai Pedoman Pembangunan Kelapa Sawit Berkelanjutan Indonesia dan dilanjutkan dengan analisis faktor konfirmatori. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan indeks daya dukung perkebunan dan pabrik kelapa sawit Sei Mangkei bernilai 0,625 yang berarti baik. Namun, untuk kedepannya diperlukan peningkatan produktivitas serta pemenuhan kriteria untuk hal pengelolaan dan pemantauan lingkungan, peningkatan usaha secara berkelanjutan dan penerapan pedoman teknis budidaya kelapa sawit.

Item Type: Thesis (Sarjana)
Identification Number: SKR/FT/2014/728/051408383
Subjects: 300 Social sciences > 307 Communities > 307.1 Planning and development > 307.121 6 City planning
Divisions: Fakultas Teknik > Teknik Perencanaa Wilayah dan Kota
Depositing User: Hasbi
Date Deposited: 02 Jan 2015 09:30
Last Modified: 23 Dec 2021 03:14
URI: http://repository.ub.ac.id/id/eprint/143063
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