Hubungan Partisipasi Masyarakat Terhadap Kualitas Taman Perumahan di Kota Malang,

Saraswati, Widya (2014) Hubungan Partisipasi Masyarakat Terhadap Kualitas Taman Perumahan di Kota Malang,. Sarjana thesis, Universitas Brawijaya.

Abstract

Sebagian besar taman di Kota Malang memiliki kualitas yang buruk karena tidak dapat mewadahi kegiatan masyarakat. Padahal seharusnya keberadaan taman dapat memberikan manfaatan bagi masyarakat. Perbedaan kondisi taman perumahan yang ada perlu untuk dikaji lebih lanjut untuk mengetahui perbedaan kontribusi masyarakat pada taman perumahan dari latar belakang penduduk yang berbeda-beda. Dipilihnya taman perumahan sebagai objek studi, dikarenakan masyarakat lebih mudah mengakses pengelolaan taman perumahan selaku hirarki pertamanan terendah pada sistem pertamanan kota. Karena kemudahan itu pula, aktivitas masyarakat pada taman memiliki dampak pada kualitas taman. Selain itu, terdapat ketidakjelasan peran masyarakat dalam pemeliharaan taman. Tujuan dari penelitian adalah merekomendasikan bentuk partisipasi masyarakat yang dapat dilakukan warga untuk meningkatkan kualitas taman perumahan. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa taman perumahan menengah atas memiliki berkualitas baik dan partisipasi masyarakat umumnya berkualitas kurang baik, sedangkan persamaan regresi linier bergandanya adalah Y=10.503+0.651X 1 +0.379X 5 +0.630X 6 . Dapat diketahui bahwa bentuk partisipasi yang paling berpengaruh adalah pemecahan masalah (X1), pengadaan prasarana (X5), dan keterlibatan dalam pembangunan (X6). Pada perumahan menengah bawah taman berkualitas cukup baik dan partisipasi masyarakat berkualitas kurang baik. Variabel yang memiliki pengaruh adalah pemecahan masalah (X1), pendanaan (X4), dan pengadaan prasarana (X5). Bentuk persamaan regresi linier bergandanya untuk perumahan menengah bawah adalah . Y=5.035+0.909X 1 +0.657X 4 +1.150X 5 Melalui partisipasi masyarakat dalam upaya peningkatan kualitas taman, warga dapat memberikan kontribusinya untuk mendapatkan manfaat taman yang sangat baik. Dari bentuk partisipasi yang diketahui di atas, maka diharapkan masyarakat dapat lebih aktif pada kegiatan yang bersangkutan untuk menjadi taman perumahan memiliki kualitas yang sangat baik. Dengan demikian, manfaat taman dapat dirasakan warga secara maksimal apabila taman perumahannya berkualitas.

English Abstract

Most of the parks in the city of Malang has a bad quality because its inability to accomodate community activities. The park should be able to give benefits for the community. Differences in the conditions of existing neighbourhood park need to be examined further to determine the differences community contributions on grounds of housing from the backgrounds of community. The chosen neighbourhood park as an object of study, due to easier access to community management of residential parks as the lowest in the hierarchy of city landscape system. It is known that the activity of the citizen has impacts on the quality of the park. In addition, there is a lack of public role in the maintenance of the Park. The purpose of the research is the recommended form of public participation that can be done to improve the quality of citizens housing parks. The results showed that upper middle neighbourhood park has good quality and community participation is generally less good, whereas a multiple linear regression equation is . Can be known that its participation most influential is problem solving (X1), infrastructures procurement (X5), and citizen involvement (X6). Meanwhile, the quality of park in lower middle neighbourhood is quite good and community participation is less good. A variable that has influence is problem solving (X1), funding (X4), and infrastructure procurement (X5). The formula of lower middle neighbourhood is . Through public participation in order to improve the quality of the park, people can give contribution to receive the benefit from park. Hopefully people would be more active in contributing to have the very good quality of neighbourhood park. Thus, people could receive more benefit from very good quality of neighbourhood park.

Item Type: Thesis (Sarjana)
Identification Number: SKR/FT/2014/238/051403191
Subjects: 300 Social sciences > 307 Communities > 307.1 Planning and development > 307.121 6 City planning
Divisions: Fakultas Teknik > Teknik Perencanaa Wilayah dan Kota
Depositing User: Budi Wahyono Wahyono
Date Deposited: 12 Jun 2014 10:39
Last Modified: 21 Oct 2021 13:48
URI: http://repository.ub.ac.id/id/eprint/142518
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