Rancang Bangun Sistem Monitoring Kualitas Udara Berbasis Komunikasi Nirkabel

Gumelar, Lukman (2017) Rancang Bangun Sistem Monitoring Kualitas Udara Berbasis Komunikasi Nirkabel. Sarjana thesis, Universitas Brawijaya.

Abstract

Polusi udara ditimbulkan dari hasil pembakaran yang tidak sempurna, yang mana proses pembakaran tersebut menghasilkan gas-gas berbahaya diantaranya yang paling banyak kita sering temukan adalah gas CO (karbon monoksida) dan gas NOx (Nitrogen monoksida, Nitrogen dioksida, dan lain-lain. Dampak yang ditimbulkan pencemaran udara ternyata sangat merugikan manusia sebagai makhluk omnivora yang sangat tergantung pada jalur makanan tetapi berada pula dalam daur pencemaran tersebut. Berbagai jenis penyakit yang dapat ditimbulkan pada manusia dari pencemar udara di atas seperti; infeksi saluran pernafasan atas, paru-paru jadi rusak, hipertensi, jantung, kanker dan lain sebagainya. Maka perlu adanya sebuah alat yang dapat memantau kondisi kualitas udara yang meliputi gas karbon monoksida, gas nitrogen dioksida, gas sulfur dioksida, gas ozon, dan partikul debu(PM10) yang sesuai dengan ISPU(Indeks Standart Pencemaran Udara). Alat ini menggunakan sensor gas CO, gas NO2, gas O3, gas SO2, dan partikel debu yang data dari pembacaan masing-masing sensor akan dikirimkan ke node sink melalui komunikasi nirkabel yang nantinya akan dipantau melalui layanan web thingspeak.com dari hanphone, PC, dan lain-lain secara langsung. Komunikasi nirkabel antara node sensor dan node sink paling baik adalah sejauh 150 meter karena tidak ada data error yang diterima oleh node sink saat menerima data dari node sensor. Alat ini akan mengalami mode tidur selama 5 menit secara periodik agar menghemat daya pengunaan baterai.

English Abstract

Air pollution is caused by incomplete combustion, which the combustion process produces harmful gases among which we often find are CO (carbon monoxide) and NOx (Nitrogen monoxide, Nitrogen dioxide, etc.) Impact Caused by air pollution is very harmful to humans as omnivorous creatures that are very dependent on the path of food but are also in the pollution cycle. A variety of diseases that can be inflicted on humans from the above air pollutants such as upper respiratory tract infections, the lungs become damaged, Hypertension, heart, cancer, etc. It is necessary to have a device that can monitor the air quality conditions including carbon monoxide gas, nitrogen dioxide gas, sulfur dioxide gas, ozone gas and dust particles (PM10) in accordance with ISPU (Index Standard Air Pollution) This appliance uses gas sensor CO, NO2 gas, O3 gas, SO2 gas, and part Dust particles that data from the readings of each sensor will be sent to the sink node through wireless communication which will be monitored via web thingspeak.com form phone, PC, and others directly. The wireless communication between the sensor node and the receiver node is at best 150 meters as there is no error data received by the receiver node when receiving data from the sensor node. This tool will experience sleep mode for 5 minutes periodically in order to save the power usage battery.

Item Type: Thesis (Sarjana)
Identification Number: SKR/FT/2017/786/051708629
Uncontrolled Keywords: Pencemaran Udara, Monitoring, Komunikasi Nirkabel.
Subjects: 600 Technology (Applied sciences) > 621 Applied physics > 621.3 Electrical, magnetic, optical, communications, computer engineering; electronics, lighting > 621.38 Electronics, communications engineering > 621.384 Radio and radar
Divisions: Fakultas Teknik > Teknik Elektro
Depositing User: Budi Wahyono Wahyono
Date Deposited: 05 Oct 2017 02:12
Last Modified: 19 Oct 2020 07:09
URI: http://repository.ub.ac.id/id/eprint/3276
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