Gambaran Pemikiran Eksistensialisme Sartre Dalam Cerpen La Mort Dans L’âme Karya Albert Camus (Kajian Filsafat Sastra)

Sari, Yunita Indah (2017) Gambaran Pemikiran Eksistensialisme Sartre Dalam Cerpen La Mort Dans L’âme Karya Albert Camus (Kajian Filsafat Sastra). Sarjana thesis, Universitas Brawijaya.

Abstract

Eksistensialisme merupakan sebuah aliran filsafat yang sangat populer di Eropa dan berkembang pada abad ke – 20. Eksistensialisme menempatkan manusia pada titik sentrum dari segala realitas kemanusiaan. Salah satu pemikir eksistensialisme yang terkenal adalah Jean Paul Sartre. Menurut Sartre, eksistensi manusia itu diperoleh oleh manusia itu sendiri, tanpa ada bantuan dari pihak lain, manusia bergantung seutuhnya pada tindakan – tindakannya. Cerpen La Mort Dans L’Âme karya Albert Camus merupakan salah satu karya sastra yang kental akan elemen – elemen eksistensialis. Selain itu, Sartre juga memiliki pengaruh terhadap penciptaan karya – karya Albert Camus. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui bentuk – bentuk pemikiran eksistensialisme Sartre yang termanifestasikan melalui tokoh utama dalam cerpen tersebut, berdasarkan teori filsafat eksistensialisme Jean Paul Sartre. Jenis penelitian ini adalah deskriptif kualitatif, dimana data lisan maupun tertulis lebih banyak digunakan untuk menggambarkan pemikiran eksistensialisme Sartre. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa tindakan – tindakan yang ditunjukkan oleh tokoh utama sesuai dengan keempat bahasan eksistensialisme Sartre, yaitu kebebasan, tanggung jawab, orang lain, dan keyakinan yang buruk. Disini tokoh utama lebih banyak menunjukkan bentuk pemikiran eksistensialisme Sartre yang pertama yaitu kebebasan dibandingkan dengan ketiga tema bahasan yang lain yaitu tanggung jawab, orang lain dan keyakinan yang buruk. Untuk peneliti selanjutnya, penulis menyarankan agar dapat mengkaji cerpen La Mort Dans L’Âme dengan kajian resepsi sastra.

English Abstract

L’Existentialisme est un courant philosophique très connu et qui se développé Durant le 20ième siècle. L’Existentialisme place les hommes au centre de toute realité humaine. L’un de ses philosophes le plus populaire est Jean-Paul Sartre. Celui-ci dit que l’existence d’un homme est entre ses proper mains, sans l’aide de quiconque; les hommes sont responsable de leurs actes. “La Mort dans L’Âme” d’Albert Camus est une des oeuvres contenant des éléments existentialiste. D’autre, Sartre a aussi les influences dans ses oeuvres. Le but de cette recherche est de connaître les pensées de l’existentialisme de Sartre qui est représenté par le personnage principal de cette oeuvre, selon la théorie de philosophie de Jean Paul Sartre. C’est une recherche descriptive qualitative, où les informations oral aussi bien écrit sont utilisées souvent pour représenter la pensée de l’existentialisme de Sartre. Le résultat de cette recherche montre que les actes qui sont représentés par le personnage principal sont en accord avec les avis de l’existentialisme de Sartre qui sont la liberté, la responsabilité, l’autre, et la mauvaise foi. Le personnage prancipal montre plus ld’affinité sur les pensées liées à la liberté. Pour la recherche suivante, l’auteur propose que les rechercheurs analysent La Mort Dans L’Âme en utilisant une etude plus littéraire.

Item Type: Thesis (Sarjana)
Identification Number: SKR/FBS/2017/655/051707435
Uncontrolled Keywords: La Philosophie Littéraire, La Philosophie, Existensialisme, Esence, Existense
Subjects: 800 Literature (Belles-letters) amd rhetorics > 843 French fiction
Divisions: Fakultas Ilmu Budaya > Bahasa dan Sastra Perancis
Depositing User: Kustati
Date Deposited: 13 Sep 2017 02:06
Last Modified: 05 Dec 2020 16:17
URI: http://repository.ub.ac.id/id/eprint/2438
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