Conversational Implicature In Coffee Shops In Malang

Soraya, - (2017) Conversational Implicature In Coffee Shops In Malang. Magister thesis, Universitas Brawijaya.

Abstract

Salah satu aktivitas yang dilakukan manusia untuk berinteraksi adalah dengan komunikasi, untuk menyampaikan gagasan, perasaan, atau apa pun yang ada dalam pikiran mereka. Komunikasi idealnya diharapkan bisa mengikuti gagasan umum tentang komunikasi. Agar komunikasi berhasil, hal itu mengharuskan mereka untuk bersikap kooperatif saat mereka berbicara. Beberapa orang tidak berbicara secara langsung; Pembicara mengatakan satu hal dan berarti atau menyampaikan sesuatu yang lain yang dikenal sebagai implikatur. Untuk menghindari kesalahpahaman dalam percakapan karena pesan tersebut tidak disampaikan kepada yang lain, maka penulis melakukan penelitian terkini tentang implikatur percakapan di 3 kedai kopi di Malang, karena kedai kopi merupakan salah satu tempat terjadinya miskomunikasi. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mendeskripsikan implikatur percakapan di 3 warung kopi di Malang. Penelitian ini berfokus pada implikasi percakapan di 3 warung kopi di Malang; Maksim apa yang dilanggar dan jenis implikatur percakapan. Penelitian ini menggunakan teori Gricean dan etnografi komunikasi oleh Dell Hymes. Penelitian ini menggunakan penelitian kualitatif dengan menggunakan pendekatan etnografi. Data tersebut adalah ujaran dalam percakapan di 3 kedai kopi di Malang. Etnografi komunikasi menghubungkan etnografi, deskripsi dan analisis fungsional struktural masyarakat dan budaya, dengan bahasa, perilaku budaya yang menavigasi dan membantu berbagi pengetahuan, seni, moral, kepercayaan dan segala sesuatu yang diakuisisi oleh manusia sebagai anggota masyarakat. Dalam menganalisa implikasi percakapan di kedai kopi di Malang penulis menggunakan teori Gricean dan etnografi komunikasi. Temuan tersebut menunjukkan bahwa pelanggan 3 warung kopi di Malang sebagian besar melanggar ketentuan kuantitas, dan implikasinya adalah implikatur umum. Dari temuan tersebut, penulis dapat menyimpulkan bahwa pelanggan di 3 kedai kopi di Malang melanggar jumlah maksimal untuk menghindari menyakiti perasaan pembicara, untuk menjaga hubungan mereka.

English Abstract

One of the activities that human does to interact is communication, to convey his/her ideas, feeling or everything in their mind. An ideal communication is expected to follow a general idea about communication. In order to make the communication successful, it requires them to be cooperative when they talk. Some people do not talk in direct way; speaker says one thing and means or conveys something else which is known as implicature. In order to avoid misunderstanding in a conversation because the message does not convey to the others, it makes the writer done the current study about conversational implicature in 3 (three) coffee shops in Malang, because coffee shop is one the places where miscommunication happens. This study aims to describe conversational implicature in 3 (three) coffee shops in Malang. This study is focusing on conversational implicature in 3 (three) coffee shops in Malang; what maxims were violated and the types of conversational implicature. The current study uses both Gricean theory and ethnography of communication by Dell Hymes. The study used qualitative research using ethnographic approach. The data were the utterances in conversation in 3 (three) coffee shops in Malang. Ethnography of communication relates ethnography, the description and structural functional analysis of society and culture, with the language, a cultural behavior that navigates and helps to share knowledge, arts, moral, beliefs and everything acquired by man as a member of society. In analyzing the conversational implicature in coffee shops in Malang the writer used both Gricean theory and ethnograpy of communication. The finding shows that the customers of 3 (three) coffee shops in Malang mostly violated the maxim of quantity, and the conversational implicature is generalized implicature. From the findings, the writer conclude that the customers in 3(three) coffee shops in Malang violated the maxim of quantity to avoid hurting the feeling of the speaker, to maintain their relationship.

Item Type: Thesis (Magister)
Uncontrolled Keywords: SEMANTICS, IMPLICATION (logic), SOCIOLINGUISTICS, CONVERSATION, INDONESIA - MALANG, COFFEE SHOPS
Subjects: 300 Social sciences > 306 Culture and institutions > 306.4 Spesific aspects of culture > 306.44 Language
Divisions: S2 / S3 > Magister Linguistik Terapan, Fakultas Ilmu Budaya
Depositing User: Nur Cholis
Date Deposited: 04 Sep 2017 07:20
Last Modified: 28 Dec 2020 13:37
URI: http://repository.ub.ac.id/id/eprint/2036
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