Rekomendasi Kebijakan Tata Kelola Dampak Lingkungan Akibat Aktifitas Penambangan Marmer (Berbasis Perspektif Sustainable Development Goals)

Meylina, Astrid and Dr. Sarwono,, M.Si and Dr. Imam Hanafi,, M.Si (2019) Rekomendasi Kebijakan Tata Kelola Dampak Lingkungan Akibat Aktifitas Penambangan Marmer (Berbasis Perspektif Sustainable Development Goals). Magister thesis, Universitas Brawijaya.

Abstract

Pertambangan merupakan salah satu penopang perekonomian nasional. Akan tetapi, dampak sosial-lingkungan yang ditimbulkan tidak bisa diabaikan. Untuk itu, perlu adanya pengelolaan tata lingkungan akibat aktifitas penambangan. Hal ini juga berlaku di Kabupaten Tulungagung yang terkenal dengan sebutan Kabupaten Marmer. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui dinamika kebijakan tata kelola dampak lingkungan akibat aktifitas penambangan marmer di Kabupaten Tulungagung, menganalisis tantangan kedepan terkait kebijakan tata kelola dampak lingkungan akibat aktifitas penambangan marmer di Kabupaten Tulungagung, dan memprediksi alternatif rekomendasi kebijakan terkait pencegahan, penyelesaian, dan rehabilitasi lingkungan akibat aktifitas penambangan marmer di Kabupaten Tulungagung. Jenis penelitian yang digunakan dalam penyusunan tesis ini adalah jenis penelitian deskriptif dengan pendekatan kualitatif. Dalam penelitian ini, peneliti memilih teknik analisa data berupa model aufklarung analysis dengan pola-pola critical discourse (White, 1994). Hasil dari penelitian menunjukkan bahwa kebijakan tata kelola dampak lingkungan akibat aktifitas penambangan marmer di Kabupaten Tulungagung belum memberikan dampak positif dalam aspek sosial-lingkungan. Sehingga hal ini menyebabkan terjadinya bencana alam banjir ancar, erosi tanah, dan kekeringan dengan intensitas yang semakin meningkat yang setiap tahun melanda Desa Besole Kecamatan Besuki Kabupaten Tulungagung yang merupakan sentra industri dan pertambangan marmer di Kabupaten Tulungagung. Hal ini dikarenakan kebijakan tata kelola dampak lingkungan di Kabupaten Tulungagung belum memiliki program khusus yang mampu mengatasi permasalahan tata kelola lingkungan di daerahnya. Kebijakan dan solusi yang ditawarkan belum memprioritaskan lingkungan dan keikutsertaan masyarakat sehingga hanya bersifat penanganan sementara dan bersifat parsial. Adapun tantangan kedepannya terkait kebijakan tata kelola dampak lingkungan akibat aktifitas penambangan marmer di Kabupaten Tulungagung meliputi meningkatnya jenis dan intensitas bencana alam, pengaruh eksogen yang tidak dapat dihindari, rendahnya kualitas dan komitmen SDM dalam menangani permasalahan lingkungan. Rekomendasi yang dapat diberikan terkait tata kelola dampak lingkungan akibat aktifitas penambangan marmer yang sesuai dengan tujuan pembangunan berkelanjutan adalah pengadaan program reboisasi dan pembangunan cekdam dengan strategi yang tepat sesuai dengan kebutuhan masyarakat sehingga mampu meningkatkan peran dan keterlibatan masyarakat.

English Abstract

Mining is one of the pillars of the national economy. However, the social-environmental impacts caused cannot be ignored. For this reason, it is necessary to manage the environment due to mining activities. This also applies in Tulungagung Regency which is famous as the Marble Regency. This study aims to determine the dynamics of the policy of environmental impact management due to marble mining activities in Tulungagung District, analyze future challenges related to environmental impact management policies due to marble mining activities in Tulungagung District, and predict alternative policy recommendations related to prevention, completion and environmental rehabilitation due to marble mining activities in Tulungagung Regency. The type of research used in the preparation of this thesis is descriptive research with a qualitative approach. In this study, researchers chose data analysis techniques in the form of aufklarung analysis model with critical discourse patterns, (White, 1994). The results of the study show that the policy of environmental impact management due to marble mining activities in Tulungagung District has not had a positive impact on the social-environmental aspects. So that this causes the occurrence of flood threat, soil erosion, and drought with increasing intensity which every year occurs Besole Village, Besuki Subdistrict, Tulungagung District which is an industrial center and marble mining in Tulungagung Regency. This is because the environmental impact management policy in Tulungagung District does not yet have a special program that is able to overcome the problems of environmental governance in its area. The policies and solutions offered have not prioritized the environment and community participation so that they are only temporary and are of a partial nature. The future challenges related to the policy of environmental impact management due to marble mining activities in Tulungagung Regency include the increasing types and intensity of natural disasters, exogenous influences that cannot be avoided, low quality and commitment of human resources in handling environmental problems. Recommendations that can be given regarding the governance of environmental impacts due to marble mining activities that are in line with the objectives of sustainable development are the procurement of reforestation and development programs with appropriate strategies for community needs so as to increase the role and involvement of the community.

Item Type: Thesis (Magister)
Identification Number: TES/354.328/MEY/r/2019/041903808
Uncontrolled Keywords: Rekomendasi Kebijakan, Tata Kelola, Dampak Lingkungan, Penambangan Marmer, Sustainable Development Goals,Policy Recommendations, Governance, Environmental Impact, Marble Mining, Sustainable Development Goals.
Subjects: 300 Social sciences > 354 Public administration of economy and environment > 354.3 Public administration of environment and natural resources > 354.328 General forms of control
Divisions: S2/S3 > Magister Ilmu Administrasi Publik, Fakultas Ilmu Administrasi
Depositing User: soegeng sugeng
Date Deposited: 15 Aug 2022 01:57
Last Modified: 15 Aug 2022 01:57
URI: http://repository.ub.ac.id/id/eprint/193207
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