Hubungan Positioning dan Eksposur Radiografi Periapikal Teknik Paralel Terhadap Kegagalan Hasil Foto Mahasiswa Profesi Radiologi Fakultas Kedokteran Gigi Universitas Brawijaya

Eidier, Fara Dibha and drg. Farihah Septina, Sp. Rad. OM. and drg. Tubagus Agnizarridlo, MMed.Ed (2020) Hubungan Positioning dan Eksposur Radiografi Periapikal Teknik Paralel Terhadap Kegagalan Hasil Foto Mahasiswa Profesi Radiologi Fakultas Kedokteran Gigi Universitas Brawijaya. Sarjana thesis, Universitas Brawijaya.

Abstract

Tenik periapikal paralel sering digunakan karena paparan dosis radiografi yang rendah dan biaya yang terjangkau. Namun, teknik ini juga memiliki keterbatasan sehingga menyebabkan beberapa kegagalan. Tahapan pembuatan radiograf dimulai dari positioning, eksposur dan processing. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui hubungan tahapan positioning dan eksposur terhadap kegagalan hasil foto radiografi periapikal teknik paralel. Rancangan penelitian menggunakan penelitian observasi analitik dengan pendekatan cross sectional. Teknik pengambilan sampel dilakukan secara quota sampling yaitu dengan menggunakan rumus perhitungan besar sampel. Jumlah sampel diperoleh dengan menggunakan rumus Slovin, didapatkan sampel sejumlah 31 sampel. Sampel diambil berdasarkan kriteria inkklusi yang telah ditentukan. Hasil dari sampel dinilai oleh 3 pengamat dan digolongkan berdasarkan macam kegagalannya. Hasil perhitungan dengan menggunakan Uji normalitas Shapiro-wilk menunjukan data tidak berdisribusi normal, yaitu p<0,05. Uji Korelasi Spearman menunjukan terdapat hubungan yang signifikan pada tahapan positioning (pemosisian film) terhadap kegagalan hasil foto dan tidak terdapat hubungan pada tahapan ekposur. Kesimpulannya adalah tahapan positioning radoigrafi periapikal teknik paralel memiliki hubungan terhadap kegagalan hasil foto radiografi mahasiswa profesi radiologi.

English Abstract

Parallel periapical techniques are often used because of the lows of exposure to radiographic doses and its affordable costs. However, this technique also has limitations that cause several failures. The stages of making a radiograph start from positioning, exposure and processing. This study aims to find out the relationship between the stages of positioning and exposure to the failure of radiographic results of parallel techniques. This study used analytical observation research design with cross sectional approach. As for the sampling technique, this study used quota sampling by using the formula for calculating the sample size. The number of samples obtained using the Slovin formula were 31 samples. Samples were taken based on predetermined inclusion criteria. The results of the sample were assessed by 3 observers and classified according to the type of failure. The result of calculations using the Shapiro-Wilk normality test showed that the data were not normally distributed, it was p <0.05. The Spearman Correlation Test showed that there was a significant relationship at the positioning stage (film positioning) to the failure of the photo results and there was no relationship at the exposure stage. The conclusion is that the stages of periapical radiographic x positioning of parallel techniques have a relationship to the failure of students’ radiographs in radiology profession.

Item Type: Thesis (Sarjana)
Identification Number: 0520140029
Uncontrolled Keywords: Teknik Periapikal Paralel, Positioning, Eksposur, Kegagalan,Parallel Periapical, Positioning, Exposure, Failure
Subjects: 600 Technology (Applied sciences) > 617 Surgery, regional medicine, dentistry, ophthalmology, otology, audiology > 617.6 Dentistry
Divisions: Fakultas Kedokteran Gigi > Kedokteran Gigi
Depositing User: soegeng sugeng
Date Deposited: 17 Jun 2022 01:17
Last Modified: 17 Jun 2022 01:17
URI: http://repository.ub.ac.id/id/eprint/191057
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