Pemodelan Skenario Kebijakan Pengentasan Desa Tertinggal melalui Pendekatan System Dynamics: Studi di Kabupaten Lampung Selatan,

Prabowo, Ardian and Dr. M.R. Khairul Muluk,, M.Si and Dr. Ainul Hayat,, S.Pd, M.Si (2021) Pemodelan Skenario Kebijakan Pengentasan Desa Tertinggal melalui Pendekatan System Dynamics: Studi di Kabupaten Lampung Selatan,. Magister thesis, Universitas Brawijaya.

Abstract

Pembangunan Desa merupakan upaya peningkatan taraf hidup masyarakat pedesaan secara terpadu dan harmonis. Pembangunan desa diwujudkan melalui pendekatan komprehensif yang mencakup ketahanan ekonomi, sosial dan lingkungan. Pembangunan desa saat ini sering dilihat hanya dari segi ekonomi dan sosial tanpa memperhatikan lingkungan, dan masih terdapat desa yang berstatus desa tertinggal dibeberapa Kabupaten/Kota di Indonesia, termasuk Kabupaten Lampung Selatan. Desadesa tertinggal di Kabupaten Lampung Selatan seperti Desa Sukajaya, Desa Baru Ranji, Desa Karang Raja, Desa Mekar Jaya, Desa Karang Jaya, Desa Bangun Sari, Desa Purwodadi Dalam, dan Desa Sidomukti. Desa-desa tersebut memiliki rata-rata nilai indeks desa membangun sebesar 0,55925. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui, menganalisis, dan menghasilkan permodelan skenario kebijakan pengentasan desa tertinggal di Kabupaten Lampung Selatan, sehingga dapat menjadi bahan masukan kepada Pemerintah Desa dan Pemerintah Daerah. Penelitian ini menggunakan metode System Dynamics didalam mengkaji Pembangunan Desa di Kabupaten Lampung Selatan. Pendekatan yang dilakukan adalah kualitatif-kuantitatif didalam analisis sistem dan pemodelan System Dynamics. Teknik dalam mix method dengan strategi metode campuran bertahap (sequential mixed methods) merupakan strategi bagi peneliti untuk menggabungkan data yang ditemukan dari satu metode dengan metode lainnya. Wawancara dilakukan terlebih dahulu untuk mendapatkan data kualitatif diikuti data kuantitatif. Tahapan-tahapan penelitian permodelan system dynamics dari Grant, Pedersen, & Marín (1997) dan Kelso & Dyne (1969) seperti: (1) formulasi model konseptual, (2) parameterisasi model, (3) evaluasi model, (4) penggunaan model. Hasil penelitian ini menunjukan bahwa: (1) unsur-unsur yang mempengaruhi pembangunan desa di Desa Sukajaya, Desa Baru Ranji, Desa Karang Raja, Desa Mekar Jaya, Desa Karang Jaya, Desa Bangun Sari, Desa Purwodadi Dalam, dan Desa Sidomukti Kabupaten Lampung selatan terdiri 75 unsur yang tersusun di dalam 3 subsistem ketahanan yakni Ketahanan Ekonomi, Sosial, dan Lingkungan. (2) Dynamics System Pembangunan Desa merupakan model hubungan yang saling bergantung (kausal) antar subsistem ekonomi, social, dan lingkungan disetiap desa di Kabupaten Lampung Selatan. (3) Alternative kebijakan yaitu meningkatkan kualitas lingkungan sebesar 14 persen, ekonomi masyarakat desa sebesar 17 persen, dan tetap mempertahankan nilai pertumbuhan pada subsistem sosial yakni 3,16 persen, atau pada subsistem ini tidak memiliki perubahan yang signifikan dalam kurun waktu dekat sehingga tidak dilakukan uji skenario. Selain pada peningkatan subsistem lingkungan, ekonomi, dan sosial. Kebutuhan pemerintah desa dalam peningkatan kualitas aparatur pemerintah desa, fasilitas kantor pemerintah desa, dan sumber anggaran pendanaan dalam pembangunan desa dalam mendukung tercapainya pelaksanaan pembangunan yang optimal sangat diperlukan

English Abstract

Village Development is an effort to increase the living standard of rural communities in an integrated and harmonious manner. Village development is realized through a comprehensive approach that includes economic, social and environmental resilience. Village development at this time is often seen only from an economic and social perspective without paying attention to the environment, and there are still villages with the status of underdeveloped villages in several districts / cities in Indonesia, including South Lampung Regency. Underdeveloped villages in South Lampung Regency such as Sukajaya Village, Baru Ranji Village, Karang Raja Village, Mekar Jaya Village, Karang Jaya Village, Bangun Sari Village, Purwodadi Dalam Village, and Sidomukti Village. These villages have an average village index value of 0.55925. This study aims to identify, analyze, and produce policy scenario modeling for underdeveloped villages in South Lampung Regency, so that it can be used as input for the Village Government and Local Government. This study uses the System Dynamics method in assessing Village Development in South Lampung Regency. The approach taken is qualitative-quantitative in System Dynamics. Techniques in mix methods with sequential mixed methods are a strategy for researchers to combine data found from one method with another. Interviews were conducted first to obtain qualitative data followed by quantitative data. The research stages of system dynamics modeling from Grant, Pedersen, & Marín (1997) and Kelso & Dyne (1969) includes: (1) formulating of conceptual model, (2) creating parameters of model, (3) evaluating of model, (4) using of models. The results of this study: (1) The variables that influence village development in Sukajaya Village, Baru Ranji Village, Karang Raja Village, Mekar Jaya Village, Karang Jaya Village, Bangun Sari Village, Purwodadi Dalam Village, and Sidomukti Village, South Lampung Regency consists of 75 variables arranged in 3 aspects of resilience namely Economic, Social and Environmental Resilience. (2) The Village Development Dynamics System is a model of interdependent (causal) relationships between economic, social and environmental aspects in every village in South Lampung Regency. (3) Alternative policies, namely improving the quality of the environment by 14 percent, the economy of the village community by 17 percent, and maintaining the value of growth in the social aspect of 3.16 percent, or in this aspect there is no significant change in the near future so it is not carried out. scenario test. Apart from improving the environmental, economic and social aspects. Village government requires an increase in the quality of village government officials, village government office facilities, and Village funds in supporting the achievement of optimal development implementation

Item Type: Thesis (Magister)
Identification Number: 042103
Uncontrolled Keywords: Skenario Kebijakan, Pembangunan Desa, System Dynamics, Policy Scenarios, Village Development, System Dynamics.
Subjects: 300 Social sciences > 378 Higher education (Tertiary education)
Divisions: S2/S3 > Magister Ilmu Administrasi Publik, Fakultas Ilmu Administrasi
Depositing User: soegeng sugeng
Date Deposited: 06 Jan 2022 02:44
Last Modified: 23 Feb 2022 03:08
URI: http://repository.ub.ac.id/id/eprint/187931
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