Evaluasi Desain Pencahayaan Alami Rumah Tinggal Palm Residence Selama WFH dan SFH dalam Masa Pandemi Covid-19

Rafhaella, Ratrika (2021) Evaluasi Desain Pencahayaan Alami Rumah Tinggal Palm Residence Selama WFH dan SFH dalam Masa Pandemi Covid-19. Sarjana thesis, Universitas Brawijaya.

Abstract

Di masa pandemi Covid-19, setiap orang melakukan pekerjaannya dari rumah. Kebutuhan ruang yang tadinya digunakan untuk lebih banyak aktivitas istirahat, mendadak digunakan sebagai aktivitas bekerja. Perbedaan ini menimbulkan masalah baru saat aktivitas yang digunakan di dalam ruang tidak sesuai dengan kebutuhan pencahayaan alami. Pengguna rumah tinggal sebagai subjek yang merasakan kenyamanan memiliki perilaku berbeda sehingga mempengaruhi persepsi mereka terhadap kenyamanan pencahayaan dalam ruang. Penelitian ini bertujuan mengetahui kondisi desain pencahayaan alami serta persepsi pengguna terhadap kenyamanan visual di rumah tinggal dalam mendukung aktivitas WFH dan SFH. Kota Bekasi sendiri memiliki tingkat kasus Covid-19 tertinggi di Provinsi Jawa Barat. Hal tersebut menyebabkan para pekerja dan belajar untuk melakukan kegiatan bekerja dan belajar secara daring dari rumah. Kriteria pemilihan sampel rumah tinggal didapati dari perumahan tipe cluster yang memiliki desain fasad serupa. Selain itu, layout bangunan yang harus memaksimalkan luas tanah keseluruhan agar developer mendapatkan keuntungan menjadikan rumah tinggal memiliki orientasi variatif. Hal ini dapat menimbulkan permasalahan baru karena kurang perhatian terhadap rancangan awal untuk merancang bangunan dengan desain pencahayaan alami yang responsif terhadap kenyamanan pengguna. Berdasarkan kriteria-kriteria tersebut terpilihlah Palm Residence Bekasi sebagai objek penelitian. Palm Residence Bekasi memiliki dua tipe rumah dengan dua orientasi berbeda. Menghasilkan empat sampel rumah untuk diteliti. Setiap rumah memiliki desain fasad yang sama, perbedaan hanya terlihat dari luas denah secara keseluruhan. Maka dari itu, terjadi permasalahan baru terkait desain pencahayaan alami dimana terdapat rasio luas lantai dan bukaan cahaya yang tidak sama. Metode penelitian menggunakan metode deskriptif evaluatif. Melalui beberapa tahapan analisis yaitu analisis visualisasi, pengukuran, korelasi, dan evaluasi. Hasil evaluasi tersebut dikorelasikan dengan hasil persepsi subjektif penghuni rumah tinggal. Maka, tujuan penelitian ini untuk mengevaluasi serta mengetahui hubungan desain pencahayaan alami dan kenyamanan visual berdasarkan persepsi pengguna dalam mendukung aktivitas work from home dan school from home

English Abstract

During the Covid-19 pandemic, everyone is working from home. Space requirements that were previously used for more rest activities are suddenly used as work activities. This difference creates new problems when the activities used in the space do not match the needs of natural lighting. Residential users as subjects who feel comfortable have different behaviors that affect their perception of the comfort of lighting in the room. This study aims to determine the condition of natural lighting design as well as user perceptions of visual comfort at home in supporting WFH and SFH activities. Bekasi City itself has the highest rate of Covid-19 cases in West Java Province. This causes workers and learning to do work and study activities online from home. The criteria for selecting the residential sample were found from cluster-type housing that has a similar facade design. In addition, the layout of the building must maximize the overall land area so that the developer can benefit from making the house have a varied orientation. This can cause new problems due to lack of attention to the initial design to design buildings with natural lighting designs that are responsive to user comfort. Based on those criterias, Palm Residence Bekasi was chosen as the object of research. Palm Residence Bekasi has two types of houses with two different orientations. Produced four sample houses for research. Each house has the same facade design, the difference is only visible from the overall floor plan. Therefore, there is a new problem related to the design of natural lighting where there is an unequal ratio of floor area and light openings. The research method uses descriptive evaluative method. Through several stages of analysis, namely visualization analysis, measurement, correlation, and evaluation. The results of the evaluation were correlated with the results of the subjective perceptions of the residents of the residence. Thus, the purpose of this study is to evaluate and determine the relationship between natural lighting design and visual comfort based on user perceptions in supporting work from home and school from home activities

Other obstract

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Item Type: Thesis (Sarjana)
Identification Number: 052107
Uncontrolled Keywords: rumah tinggal, pencahayaan alami, kenyamanan visual, aktivitas WFH
Subjects: 700 The Arts > 720 Architecture
Divisions: Fakultas Teknik > Arsitektur
Depositing User: Samsul Arifin
Date Deposited: 28 Oct 2021 07:25
Last Modified: 23 Feb 2022 08:04
URI: http://repository.ub.ac.id/id/eprint/186181
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