Variasi Spasial pada Tanean di Dusun Rokoning Desa Kendaban Kecamatan Tanah Merah Kabupaten Bangkalan Madura

Oktaviana Arianto, Kenny (2021) Variasi Spasial pada Tanean di Dusun Rokoning Desa Kendaban Kecamatan Tanah Merah Kabupaten Bangkalan Madura. Sarjana thesis, Universitas Brawijaya.

Abstract

Seiring berjalannya waktu arsitektur mengalami penyesuaian, baik di sebabkan oleh faktor waktu, lingkungan atau manusia. Spasial arsitektur merupakan salah satu bagian dari arsitektur yang mengalami penyesuain. Hal terjadi pula pada tanean masyarakat madura berada di Dusun Kendaban, Kecamatan Tanah Merah. Fenomena ini menyebabkan terjadinya variasi pola spasial tanean. Penelitian ini merupakan penelitian deskriptif kualitatif yang dilakukan untuk mengetahui bentuk pola-pola spasial tanean yang ada pada Dusun Rokoning, Desa Kendaban, Keamatan Tanah Merah, Kabupaten Bangkalan. Pengambilan Data dilakukan dengan metode obsevasi dan wawanaara. Setelah dilakukan pengambilan data kemudian menetapkan populasi objek penelitian. Kemudian hasil obsevasi diolah menjadi data melalui 3 proses yaitu identifikasi karakteristik bentuk spasial tanean kemudian proses klasifikasi populasi berdasarkan tahun pembukaan tanean kemudian sintesa dan analisa pola spasial tanean. Hasil penelitian menyatakan bahwa terdapat 4 jenis pola spasial tanean yang berada di Dusun Rokoning, Desa Kendaban, Keamatan Tanah Merah, Kabupaten Bangkalan. kode yaitu a. Tatanan Spasial dengan Organisasi Ruang Radial, Aksesibilitas Radial, Hierarki Ruang dengan rincian Rumah Toghuh di area Utara dekat dengan Langgar dan Orientasi Menghadap ke Arah Barat sejajar dengan Langgar dengan kode OR2-A2-HRT1-0TB b. Tatanan Spasial dengan Organisasi Ruang Radial, Aksesibilitas Radial, Hierarki Ruang dengan rincian Rumah Toghuh di area Selatan dan Orientasi Menghadap ke Arah Barat sejajar dengan Langgar dengan kode OR2-A2-HRT3-0TB. C. Tatanan Spasial dengan Organisasi Ruang Radial, Aksesibilitas Radial, Hierarki Ruang dengan Rumah Toghuh di area Utara jauh dengan Langgar dan Orientasi Menghadap ke Arah Barat sejajar dengan Langgar dengan kode OR2-A2-HRT2-0TB d. Tatanan Spasial dengan Organisasi Ruang Radial, Aksesibilitas Radial, Hierarki Ruang dengan Rumah Toghuh di area Timur dan Orientasi Menghadap ke Arah Barat sejajar dengan Langgar. OR1-A1-HRT4-OTB Dapat di simpulkan bahwa variabel organisasi ruang dan aksesibilitas saling mempegaruhi, Variabel hierarki ruang profan-sakral terdapat banyak perubahan dikarenakan faktor keterbatasan lahan terlebih pada peletakkan Rumah Toghuh, namun untuk peletakkan langgar pada semua populasi tetap berada di area paling barat dan dan untuk variabel orientasi tanean terhadap tanean terhadap langgar tetap mengacu di arah mata angin barat.

English Abstract

As time goes by, the architecture undergoes adjustments, whether caused by time, environment or human factors. Spatial architecture is one part of the architecture that undergoes adjustments. This also happened to the Madurese community in Kendaban Hamlet, Tanah Merah District. This phenomenon causes variations in the spatial pattern of tanean. This research is a qualitative descriptive study which was conducted to determine the shape of the spatial patterns of tanean in Rokoning Hamlet, Kendaban Village, Tanah Merah District, Bangkalan Regency. Data were collected using observation and interview methods. After taking the data, then determine the population of the research object. Then the results of the observations are processed into data through 3 processes, namely identification of the characteristics of the spatial shape of the crop, then the process of population classification based on the year of planting, then synthesis and analysis of the spatial pattern of the crop. The results of the study stated that there were 4 types of tanean spatial patterns located in Rokoning Hamlet, Kendaban Village, Tanah Merah District, Bangkalan Regency. the code is a. Spatial Arrangement with Radial Space Organization, Radial Accessibility, Spatial Hierarchy with details of Toghuh House in the North area close to Langgar and West Facing Orientation parallel to Langgar with code OR2-A2-HRT1-0TB b. Spatial Arrangement with Radial Space Organization, Radial Accessibility, Space Hierarchy with details of Toghuh House in the South area and West Facing Orientation parallel to Langgar with code OR2-A2-HRT3-0TB. C. Spatial Arrangement with Radial Space Organization, Radial Accessibility, Space Hierarchy with Toghuh House in the far North area with Langgar and West Facing Orientation parallel to Langgar with code OR2-A2-HRT2-0TB d. Spatial Arrangement with Radial Space Organization, Radial Accessibility, Space Hierarchy with Toghuh House in the East area and West Facing Orientation parallel to Langgar. OR1-A1-HRT4-OTB It can be concluded that the variables of spatial organization and accessibility influence each other. There are many changes in the hierarchical variable of profane-sacred space due to land limitations, especially in the placement of the Toghuh House, but for the placement of violators in all populations, they remain in the lowest area west and and for the variable orientation of the tanean to tanean to the breaking still refers to the westerly cardinal direction.

Other obstract

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Item Type: Thesis (Sarjana)
Identification Number: 720
Uncontrolled Keywords: tanean lanjheng, spasial, ruang, arsitektur nusantara, lanjheng, spatial, space, archipelago architecture.
Subjects: 700 The Arts > 720 Architecture
Divisions: Fakultas Teknik > Arsitektur
Depositing User: Unnamed user with username gaby
Date Deposited: 22 Oct 2021 03:00
Last Modified: 23 Feb 2022 06:49
URI: http://repository.ub.ac.id/id/eprint/184894
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