Perbedaan Variasi Anatomi Tinggi dan Lebar Dentin pada Gigi Desidui Laki-Laki dan Perempuan berdasarkan Gambaran Radiografi Panoramik

Astrilia, Shelly Isnani (2019) Perbedaan Variasi Anatomi Tinggi dan Lebar Dentin pada Gigi Desidui Laki-Laki dan Perempuan berdasarkan Gambaran Radiografi Panoramik. Sarjana thesis, Universitas Brawijaya.

Abstract

Gigi merupakan jaringan keras pada manusia yang perkembangannya dipengaruhi oleh dimorfisme seksual yang disebabkan adanya perbedaan kromosom. Kromosom X berperan pada pembentukan ketebalan enamel sedangkan kromosom Y berkontribusi dalam perbedaan ketebalan dentin. Penelitian bertujuan menganalisa dimorfisme seksual pada tinggi dan lebar dentin gigi desidui berdasarkan gambaran radiografi panoramik. Metode yang digunakan adalah penelitian obervasional dengan pendekatan antropometri. Bahan penelitian menggunakan rekam medik radiografi panoramik anak laki-laki dan perempuan berusia 5-11 tahun sejumlah 30 sampel. Pengukuran dilakukan pada gigi caninus, molar 1, dan molar 2 pada seluruh bagian gigi dengan menggunakan aplikasi CliniView 3.02. Selanjutnya data yang diperoleh dilakukan uji statistik paired t-test untuk pengukuran intra-observer dan uji independent t-test. Hasil: paired t-test menunjukkan tidak terdapat perbedaan signifikan karena nilai signifikansi seluruh variabel adalah p>0.05. Sedangkan pada Independent T-test menunjukkan terdapat perbedaan signifikan pada tinggi dan lebar dentin pada gigi desidui laki-laki dan perempuan karena nilai signifikansi p<0.05. Sehingga disimpulkan terdapat perbedaan variasi anatomi tinggi dan lebar dentin pada gigi desidui dimana laki-laki memiliki ukuran yang lebih besar dibandingkan perempuan.

English Abstract

Teeth are hard tissues in human body whose development is affected by sexual dimorphism caused by chromosomal differences. The X chromosome plays a role in the formation of enamel thickness, while the Y chromosome contributes to the difference in thickness of the dentine. This study aimed to analyze sexual dimorphism in the height and width of the deciduous dentin based on panoramic radiographs. The method used is observational research with an anthropometric approach. The research material used a medical record of panoramic radiograph of boys and girls aged 5-11 years, 30 samples. Measurements were made on canine teeth, molar 1, and molar 2 on all tooth parts using the CliniView 3.02 application. Furthermore, the data obtained were carried out statistical tests paired t-test for intra-obeserver measurement and independent t-test. Results: paired t-test showed no significant difference because the significance values of all variables were p> 0.05. While on Independent T-test showed there were significant differences in the height and width of dentine in male and female deciduous teeth because the significance value was p <0.05. So it can be concluded that there are differences in the height and width of dentine in deciduous teeth where male have a larger size than female.

Item Type: Thesis (Sarjana)
Identification Number: SKR/FKG/2019/34/052001788
Uncontrolled Keywords: Gigi desidui, Kromosom X, Kromosom Y, Tinggi Dentin, Lebar Dentin-Deciduous Teeth, X Chromosome, Y Chromosome, Dentine Height, Dentine Width
Subjects: 600 Technology (Applied sciences) > 617 Surgery, regional medicine, dentistry, ophthalmology, otology, audiology > 617.6 Dentistry > 617.63 Dental diseases
Divisions: Fakultas Kedokteran Gigi > Kedokteran Gigi
Depositing User: soegeng sugeng
Date Deposited: 10 Aug 2020 08:07
Last Modified: 23 Oct 2021 04:31
URI: http://repository.ub.ac.id/id/eprint/179305
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