Perbedaan Peningkatan Kekasaran Permukaan pada Email Gigi Akibat Penggunaan Pasta Gigi Charcoal dan Pasta Gigi Whitening.

Patricia, Irene (2019) Perbedaan Peningkatan Kekasaran Permukaan pada Email Gigi Akibat Penggunaan Pasta Gigi Charcoal dan Pasta Gigi Whitening. Sarjana thesis, Universitas Brawijaya.

Abstract

Diskolorasi gigi adalah suatu proses perubahan warna pada gigi yang disebabkan oleh kebiasaan merokok, mengonsumsi kopi dan teh dalam jangka waktu panjang, kelainan bawaan (genetik), obat-obatan, fluorosis serta trauma injury. Perawatan diskolorasi yaitu, dental bleaching disertai penggunaan profilaksis rutin dengan pasta gigi whitening. Saat ini, penggunaan pasta gigi charcoal menjadi popular menandingi pasta gigi whitening untuk mencerahkan warna gigi. Charcoal powder merupakan bahan abrasif yang terdapat dalam pasta gigi charcoal. Kandungan bahan abrasif dalam pasta gigi dapat mempengaruhi perubahan kekasaran permukaan pada email gigi. Tujuan dari penelitian ini adalah mengetahui perbedaan peningkatan kekasaran permukaan pada email gigi akibat penggunaan pasta gigi charcoal dan pasta gigi whitening. Rancangan penelitian adalah pre and post test control group design dengan 30 buah gigi premolar satu permanen rahang atas yang telah dipoles dan dipreparasi serta dibagi menjadi tiga kelompok sampel; kelompok A: sebagai kelompok kontrol, dilakukan penyikatan menggunakan distilled water, kelompok B: pasta gigi whitening dan kelompok C: pasta gigi charcoal. Masing-masing kelompok diukur kekasaran awalnya terlebih dahulu sebelum diberikan perlakuan. Penyikatan secara in-vitro dilakukan dengan asumsi waktu sama dengan penggunaan 1 dan 3 bulan. Nilai kekasaran permukaan pada email gigi diukur menggunakan Surface Roughness Tester Mitutoyo SJ-210. Hasil statistik menggunakan repeated ANOVA menghasilkan perbedaan peningkatan kekasaran yang signifkan (p < 0,05) pada setiap kelompok setelah penyikatan dengan asumsi waktu sama dengan penggunaan 1 dan 3 bulan. Kesimpulan penelitian ini adalah peningkatan kekasaran permukaan pada email gigi akibat penggunaan pasta gigi charcoal menghasilkan perubahan peningkatan kekasaran yang lebih besar dibandingkan dengan penggunaan pasta gigi whitening.

English Abstract

Tooth discoloration is a process of discoloration of teeth caused by long-term smoking, coffee and tea consumption, congenital abnormalities (genetic), drugs, fluorosis and trauma injury. Discoloration treatment, namely, dental bleaching accompanied by the use of routine prophylaxis with whitening toothpaste. Nowadays, the use of charcoal toothpaste is becoming more popular than whitening toothpaste to brighten the color of teeth. Charcoal powder is an abrasive material found in charcoal toothpaste. Abrasive material in toothpaste could give an effect on increasing surface roughness in tooth enamel. The purpose of this study was to determine the differences in surface roughness in tooth enamel due to the use of charcoal toothpaste and whitening toothpaste. The study design was a pre and post test control group design with 30 polished and prepared maxillary first premolar teeth and divided into three sample groups; group A: as a control group, brushing was done using distilled water, group B: whitening toothpaste and group C: charcoal toothpaste. Each groups initial roughness is measured before being given treatment. Tooth brushing was performed equal to 1 and 3 months and Surface Roughness Tester Mitutoyo SJ-210 was used to determine enamel roughness.The results were tested with repeated ANOVA. There were statistically significant differences (p > 0,05) in enamel roughness after 1 and 3 months equivalent tooth brushing between three groups. The research concluded that using charcoal toothpaste results a greater value of increased roughness compared with using whitening toothpaste.

Item Type: Thesis (Sarjana)
Identification Number: SKR/FKG/2019/61/052001815
Uncontrolled Keywords: pasta gigi charcoal, pasta gigi whitening, kekasaran email gigi-charcoal toothpaste, whitening toothpaste, dental enamel roughness
Subjects: 600 Technology (Applied sciences) > 617 Surgery, regional medicine, dentistry, ophthalmology, otology, audiology > 617.6 Dentistry > 617.63 Dental diseases
Divisions: Fakultas Kedokteran Gigi > Kedokteran Gigi
Depositing User: soegeng sugeng
Date Deposited: 10 Aug 2020 08:00
Last Modified: 23 Oct 2021 04:13
URI: http://repository.ub.ac.id/id/eprint/179216
[thumbnail of Irene Patricia.pdf] Text
Irene Patricia.pdf

Download (5MB)
[thumbnail of MAJALAH_IRENE PATRICIA-165160101111038.pdf] Text
MAJALAH_IRENE PATRICIA-165160101111038.pdf

Download (3MB)
[thumbnail of Thumbnails conversion from text to thumbnail_lightbox] Other (Thumbnails conversion from text to thumbnail_lightbox)
lightbox.jpg

Download (47kB)
[thumbnail of Thumbnails conversion from text to thumbnail_preview] Other (Thumbnails conversion from text to thumbnail_preview)
preview.jpg

Download (17kB)
[thumbnail of Thumbnails conversion from text to thumbnail_medium] Other (Thumbnails conversion from text to thumbnail_medium)
medium.jpg

Download (5kB)
[thumbnail of Thumbnails conversion from text to thumbnail_small] Other (Thumbnails conversion from text to thumbnail_small)
small.jpg

Download (1kB)
[thumbnail of Thumbnails conversion from text to thumbnail_lightbox] Other (Thumbnails conversion from text to thumbnail_lightbox)
lightbox.jpg

Download (53kB)
[thumbnail of Thumbnails conversion from text to thumbnail_preview] Other (Thumbnails conversion from text to thumbnail_preview)
preview.jpg

Download (20kB)
[thumbnail of Thumbnails conversion from text to thumbnail_medium] Other (Thumbnails conversion from text to thumbnail_medium)
medium.jpg

Download (5kB)
[thumbnail of Thumbnails conversion from text to thumbnail_small] Other (Thumbnails conversion from text to thumbnail_small)
small.jpg

Download (1kB)

Actions (login required)

View Item View Item