Perbedaan Teknik Radiografi Periapikal Teknik Paralel dan Biseksi dalam Mengukur Panjang Gigi Premolar 1 Rahang Atas

Asting, Amanda Aisya (2019) Perbedaan Teknik Radiografi Periapikal Teknik Paralel dan Biseksi dalam Mengukur Panjang Gigi Premolar 1 Rahang Atas. Sarjana thesis, Universitas Brawijaya.

Abstract

Radiografi periapikal merupakan teknik radiografi yang umum dilakukan. Teknik radiografi periapikal dibagi menjadi dua yaitu teknik paralel dan teknik biseksi. Pembuatan radiograf pada teknik paralel dan teknik biseksi sering kali mengalami kesalahan yang dapat menghasilkan distorsi vertikal yaitu elongasi dan pemendekan pada radiograf. Kesalahan pada posisi yang dapat menghasilkan distorsi vertikal sering kali terjadi pada regio gigi premolar rahang atas. Kesalahan tersebut terjadi karena secara anatomis gigi premolar 1 rahang atas memiliki dua akar yaitu akar bukal dan lingual, namun pada pemeriksaan radiografi periapikal di regio gigi tersebut sering terjadi pemendekan pada akar bagian bukal. Tujuan penelitian ini adalah untuk mengetahui apakah terdapat perbedaan antara teknik paralel dan biseksi dalam mengukur panjang gigi premolar 1 rahang atas. Penelitian ini merupakan penelitian eksperimental, dengan menggunakan 24 sampel gigi premolar 1 rahang atas yang telah dicabut. 24 sampel gigi premolar 1 rahang atas tersebut diukur secara klinis lalu dilakukan pemeriksaan radiografis menggunakan teknik paralel dan teknik biseksi. Hasil pemeriksaan radiografis tersebut diukur menggunakan jangka sorong lalu dibandingkan dengan panjang gigi sebenarnya. Hasil pengukuran digunakan untuk mengetahui selisih panjang gigi premolar 1 rahang atas yang sebenarnya dengan panjang gigi premolar 1 rahang atas pada radiograf. Hasil uji Paired T-Test menunjukkan terdapat perbedaan yang signifikan antara teknik paralel dan biseksi (p<0,05). Kesimpulan penelitian ini adalah terdapat perbedaan yang signifikan antara teknik radiografi periapikal paralel dan biseksi dalam mengukur panjang gigi premolar 1 rahang atas.

English Abstract

Periapical radiography is a common radiographic technique. Periapical radiographic techniques are divided into two, that are parallel techniques and bisection techniques. Often on making radiographs in parallel techniques and bisection techniques there is errors that can produce vertical distortions, namely elongation and shortening of the radiograph. Errors in positions that can produce vertical distortion often occur in the region of the maxillary first premolar. This error occurs because anatomically the maxillary first premolar has two roots, namely buccal and lingual roots, but on periapical radiographic examination in this tooth region there is often shortening of the buccal root. The purpose of this study was to determine whether there were differences between parallel and bisection technique in measuring the length of maxillary first premolar. This study was an experimental study, using 24 samples of maxillary first premolar teeth that had been removed. 24 samples of maxillary premolars 1 were measured clinically and then radiographically performed using parallel techniques and bisection techniques. The results of the radiographic examination are measured using a caliper then compared to the actual length. The results of the measurements were used to determine the difference between the actual length of maxillary first premolars and the length of the maxillary first premolars on the radiograph. The results of Paired T-Test showed there were significantly different between parallel and bisection techniques (p <0.05). The conclusion of this study, there are significantly differences in periapical radiographic technique between parallel and bisection techniques in measuring maxillary first premolars.

Item Type: Thesis (Sarjana)
Identification Number: SKR/FKG/2019/69/052001823
Uncontrolled Keywords: teknik paralel, teknik biseksi, perbedaan, panjang-parallel techniques, bisection techniques, differences, length.
Subjects: 600 Technology (Applied sciences) > 617 Surgery, regional medicine, dentistry, ophthalmology, otology, audiology > 617.6 Dentistry > 617.69 Prosthodontics > 617.690 28 Prosthodontics--Technique
Divisions: Fakultas Kedokteran Gigi > Kedokteran Gigi
Depositing User: soegeng sugeng
Date Deposited: 10 Aug 2020 07:52
Last Modified: 23 Oct 2021 04:07
URI: http://repository.ub.ac.id/id/eprint/179093
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