Kajian Kualitatif Kepatuhan Mengonsumsi Tablet Tambah Darah Pada Ibu Hamil Anemia Di Wilayah Kerja Puskesmas Kedungkandang Malang.

Prasetya, Della Naura (2019) Kajian Kualitatif Kepatuhan Mengonsumsi Tablet Tambah Darah Pada Ibu Hamil Anemia Di Wilayah Kerja Puskesmas Kedungkandang Malang. Sarjana thesis, Universitas Brawijaya.

Abstract

Anemia dalam kehamilan dapat berdampak buruk terhadap kesehatan ibu dan janin. Tablet tambah darah merupakan Program Kesehatan dan Gizi Berbasis Masyarakat yang bertujuan untuk mengurangi angka anemia yang terjadi di Indonesia. Namun, kepatuhan ibu hamil dalam mengonsumsi tablet tambah darah sering menghambat keberhasilan program tersebut. Tujuan penelitian ini untuk menggali lebih dalam terkait kepatuhan dalam mengonsumsi tablet tambah darah pada ibu hamil anemia. Penelitian ini menggunakan pendekatan kualitatif dengan melakukan wawancara mendalam kepada ibu hamil anemia. Informan utama pada penelitian ini berjumlah 9 ibu hamil anemia di wilayah kerja Puskesmas Kedungkandang Malang. Wawancara mendalam dilakukan juga kepada keluarga dan kader posyandu untuk mengecek kembali keabsahan data dari ibu hamil anemia. Hasil dari penelitian ini menunjukkan terdapat faktor pendukung dan penghambat yang mempengaruhi kepatuhan konsumsi tablet tambah darah pada ibu hamil anemia. Faktor pendukung meliputi persepsi tentang tablet tambah darah, manfaat yang diperoleh dari konsumsi tablet tambah darah, motivasi mengonsumsi tablet tambah darah, dukungan keluarga dan edukasi dari tenaga kesehatan. Faktor penghambat meliputi pengalaman konsumsi tablet tambah darah dan sikap ibu hamil anemia. Terdapat pula pengalaman yang diungkapkan oleh dua dari sembilan ibu hamil anemia setelah mengonsumsi tablet tambah darah adalah mereka merasa pusing, mual, tidak bisa tidur dan tidak bisa beraktivitas, sedangkan tujuh ibu hamil anemia lainnya mengungkapkan bahwa mereka tidak merasakan apapun setelah mengonsumsi tablet tambah darah.

English Abstract

Anemia in pregnancy can adversely affect the mortality and morbidity of both mother and fetus. Iron-folic acid tablet is a Community based Health and Nutrition Program aimed to reduce the number of anemia occurring in Indonesia. However, pregnant women's compliance with iron-folic acid tablet often impedes the success of the program. The purpose of this research was to explore the compliance consuming iron-folic acid tablet for anemia in pregnancy. The study used a qualitative approach by conducting in-deep interviews to pregnant women with anemia. The main informant in this study amounted to 9 pregnant womens anemia in the work area of Puskesmas Kedungkandang Malang. In-depth interviews were conducted also to families and posyandu cadres to check back the validity of data from pregnant women anemia. The results of this study showed that there were supporting and inhibitory factors affecting the consumption compliance of iron-folic acid tablet in the pregnant mother’s anemia. Supporting factors include perceptions about iron-folic acid tablet, benefits gained from the consumption of iron-folic acid tablet, motivation to consume iron-folic acid tablet, family support and education from health workers. Inhibitory factors include the experience of consumption of iron-folic acid tablet and the attitude of pregnant women anemia. There is also experience expressed by two of nine pregnant women anemia after consuming iron-folic acid tablet, they feel dizzy, nauseous, insomnia and have difficulty doing activities, while seven other pregnant women anemia revealed that they did not feel anything after taking iron-folic acid tablet.

Other obstract

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Item Type: Thesis (Sarjana)
Identification Number: SKR/FK/2019/29/051909249
Uncontrolled Keywords: anemia dalam kehamilan, kualitatif, kepatuhan, tablet tambah darah, anemia in pregnancy, qualitative, compliance, iron-folic acid tablet
Subjects: 600 Technology (Applied sciences) > 616 Diseases > 616.1 Diseases of cardiovascular system > 616.15 Diseases of blood > 616.152 Anemia
Divisions: Fakultas Kedokteran > Ilmu Gizi
Depositing User: Budi Wahyono Wahyono
Date Deposited: 05 Aug 2020 07:46
Last Modified: 17 Mar 2022 03:14
URI: http://repository.ub.ac.id/id/eprint/176054
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