Perbedaan Efektivitas Promosi Kesehatan Antara Metode Snow Balling Dan Metode Diskusi Kelompok Terhadap Peningkatan Pengetahuan Dan Sikap Tentang Anemia Pada Siswi Kelas XI SMAN 4 Malang.

Maulidianti, Yusnia (2019) Perbedaan Efektivitas Promosi Kesehatan Antara Metode Snow Balling Dan Metode Diskusi Kelompok Terhadap Peningkatan Pengetahuan Dan Sikap Tentang Anemia Pada Siswi Kelas XI SMAN 4 Malang. Sarjana thesis, Universitas Brawijaya.

Abstract

Anemia merupakan kondisi yang sering dialami oleh remaja putri, yang disebabkan oleh beberapa faktor diantaranya asupan gizi, menstruasi, dan penyakit kronis. Pencegahan anemia dapat diawali dengan pencegahan primer, salah satunya dengan pemberian promosi kesehatan. Promosi kesehatan perlu diberikan agar pengetahuan dan sikap seseorang meningkat. Metode yang digunakan dapat menentukan keberhasilan promosi kesehatan, penelitian ini menggunakan metode snow balling dan diskusi kelompok. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk menganalisis perbedaan efektivitas promosi kesehatan antara metode snow balling dan metode diskusi kelompok terhadap peningkatan pengetahuan dan sikap tentang anemia pada siswi kelas XI SMAN 4 Malang. Desain penelitian ini menggunakan quasi experiment dengan pendekatan non equivalent control group design. Metode pengambilan sampel pada penelitian ini menggunakan metode purposive sampling. Sampel sebanyak 57 responden, terbagi dalam 3 kelompok yaitu kelompok metode snow balling, kelompok metode diskusi, dan kelompok kontrol. Hasil penelitian ini menunjukan bahwa terdapat perbedaan peningkatan pengetahuan dan sikap tentang anemia setelah diberi promosi kesehatan dengan metode snow balling dan diskusi kelompok, namun metode snow balling tidak lebih efektif dibandingan dengan metode diskusi kelompok dalam peningkatan pengetahuan dan sikap pada siswi kelas XI SMAN 4 Malang. Hasil penelitian ini dapat disimpulkan bahwa metode snow balling dan diskusi kelompok efektif untuk meningkatkan pengetahuan dan sikap siswi kelas XI SMAN 4 Malang tentang anemia, sehingga metode snow balling dan diskusi kelompok dapat dijadikan pilihan metode promosi kesehatan dalam menyampaikan informasi kesehatan.

English Abstract

Anemia is a condition that is often experienced by young women, which is caused by several factors including nutritional intake, menstruation, and chronic diseases. Prevention of anemia can be preceded by primary prevention, one of which is by providing health promotion. Health promotion needs to be given so that one's knowledge and attitudes increase. The method used can influence the success of health promotion, this study uses the method of snow balling and group discussion. The purpose of this study was to determine the differences in the effectiveness of health promotion between the snow balling method and the group discussion method on increasing knowledge and attitudes about anemia in female students of class XI of Senior High School 4 Malang. The design of this study used quasi experiment with a non equivalent control group design approach. The sampling method in this study used a purposive sampling method. The sample of 57 respondents was divided into 3 groups: the snow balling method group, the discussion method group, and the control group. The results of this study indicate that there are differences in the increase in knowledge and attitudes about anemia after being given health promotion with snow balling methods and group discussions, but the snow balling method is not more effective compared to the group discussion method in increasing knowledge and attitudes students of Senior High School 4 Malang. The results of this study can be concluded that health promotion using the snow balling method and group discussion is effective in increasing the knowledge and attitudes about anemia of Senior High School 4 Malang student class XI, so that snow balling methods and group discussions selectable as a health promotion method to communicate about health news.

Other obstract

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Item Type: Thesis (Sarjana)
Identification Number: SKR/FK/2019/269/051909447
Uncontrolled Keywords: metode snow balling, metode diskusi kelompok, anemia, pengetahuan dan sikap, snowballing method, group discussion method, anemia, knowledge and attitude
Subjects: 600 Technology (Applied sciences) > 616 Diseases > 616.1 Diseases of cardiovascular system > 616.15 Diseases of blood > 616.152 Anemia
Divisions: Fakultas Kedokteran > Kebidanan
Depositing User: Budi Wahyono Wahyono
Date Deposited: 05 Aug 2020 07:41
Last Modified: 14 Mar 2022 03:36
URI: http://repository.ub.ac.id/id/eprint/175354
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