Dampak Program Jalin Matra Bantuan Rumah Tangga Sangat Miskin Terhadap Peningkatan Kondisi Sosial Ekonomi Rumah Tangga Miskin (Studi Kasus Desa Sukonolo, Kecamatan Bululawang, Kabupaten Malang)

Lestari, Putri Nanda Ragil (2019) Dampak Program Jalin Matra Bantuan Rumah Tangga Sangat Miskin Terhadap Peningkatan Kondisi Sosial Ekonomi Rumah Tangga Miskin (Studi Kasus Desa Sukonolo, Kecamatan Bululawang, Kabupaten Malang). Sarjana thesis, Universitas Brawijaya.

Abstract

Tingkat kemiskinan di Indonesia pada tahun 2018 mencapai 9,82%. Tingginya angka kemiskinan Indonesia menjadi perhatian utama bagi pemerintah, baik pemerintah pusat maupun pemerintah daerah, termasuk daerah Provinsi Jawa Timur. Salah satu cara untuk mengurangi tingkat kemiskinan di Jawa Timur adalah dengan adanya program Jalin Matra Bantuan RTSM untuk meningkatkan usaha produktif keluarga yang dilakukan di Desa Sukonolo, Kecamatan Bululawang, Kabupaten Malang. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk menganalisis proses pelaksanaan program Jalin Matra Bantuan RTSM, menganalisis output dan outcome dari program Jalin Matra Bantuan RTSM, dan menganalisis dampak program Jalin Matra Bantuan RTSM terhadap peningkatan kondisi sosial ekonomi rumah tangga miskin di Desa Sukonolo, Kecamatan Bululawang, Kabupaten Malang. Pendekatan penelitian yang digunakan pada penelitian ini adalah pendekatan mix methods yaitu dengan menggunakan pendekatan deskriptif kualitatif dan kuantitatif. Metode pengumpulan data yang digunakan dalam penelitian ini adalah wawancara, observasi, dokumentasi dan penggunaan kuisioner. Sedangkan analisis data menggunakan pendekatan kualitatif dan pendekatan kuantitatif. Pengecekan keabsahan pada penelitian ini menggunakan triangulasi sumber. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa: (1). Proses pelaksanaan program yaitu tahap persiapan, tahap pelaksanaan serta tahap pengawasan dan pengendalian telah sesuai dengan petunjuk teknis Program Jalin Matra Bantuan RTSM tahun 2017. Hanya terdapat satu tahapan yang belum dilakukan secara maksimal, yaitu pendampingan dalam menjalankan usaha. (2) Hasil analisis output program menunjukkan bahwa barang bantuan yang diberikan telah sesuai dengan minat dan kemampuan masing-masing RTSM serta adanya perubahan pengetahuan RTSM tentang program dan tentang berwirausaha. Sedangkan hasil analisis outcome menunjukkan bahwa RTSM belum memiliki kemandirian keuangan karena program masih berajalan selama 3 bulan, namun RTSM mendapatkan peningkatan keterampilan dan pendapatan dalam berwirausaha setelah mengikuti program. Pada indikator outcome keaktifan menjalankan usaha, RTSM telah aktif menjalankan usaha. Sedangkan untuk interaksi, program Jalin Matra masih kurang memberikan akses interaksi karena belum adanya perkumpulan rutin antara sesama penerima program. (3) Dampak program Jalin Matra Bantuan RTSM terhadap peningkatan kondisi sosial ekonomi indikator kebutuhan dasar keluarga positif karena membawa dampak perubahan pada satu indikator yaitu pemenuhan kebutuhan pangan. Sedangkan kelima indikator lain tidak berdampak dari adanya program yang ditandai dengan tidak adanya peningkatan skor akhir dari perhitungan Likert

English Abstract

The poverty rate in Indonesia in 2018 reached 9.82%. The high poverty rate in Indonesia is a major concern for the government, both central and local government, one of area is East Java Province. To reduce poverty in East Java is by applying Jalin Matra program of RTSM assistance roductive business of families done in in the Sukonolo village, Bululawang subdistrict, Malang. This study aims to analyze the process of implementing Jalin Mantra program of RSTM assistance, analyze the output and outcome of Jalin Mantra program of RSTM assistance, and analyze the impact of Jalin Mantra program of RSTM assistance towards the enhancement of socio-economic condition of poor household in Sukonolo village. The research approach used in this study was a mixed methods approach, that was by using qualitative and quantitative descriptive approach. Data collection methods used in this study were interviews, observation, documentation and the use of questionnaires. The analysis of data used qualitative and quantitative approach. The validity checking in this study used triangulation source. The results showed that: (1). The process of implementation of the program was preparation phase, the implementation phase and supervision and control phase had been done in accordance with the Program's technical instructions in 2017. There was only one stage that had not been done optimally, that was the accompaniment in the business run by participants. (2) The analysis result of program's output showed that the relief items had been appropriate with the interests and abilities of each RTSM, and there is knowledge change by RSTM about the program and entrepreneurship. While the analysis result of program's outcome showed that RSTM had not had financial independence yet because the program had just run since 3 months, but RSTM had received skill and income enhancement in doing entrepreneurship after joining the program. On the outcome indicators of liveliness in running the business, RSTM had been active in running the business. While for interaction, Jalin Mantra program was less in giving interaction access because there had been no regular gathering between the peer program receiver. (3) The impact of Jalin Mantra program of RSTM assistance towards the enhancement of socio-economic condition in family basic needs indicator is positive, because it has an impact on one indicator, that was the fulfillment of food needs. While another five indicators did not have the impact of the program showed by there was no increase in final score of Likert calculation.

Other obstract

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Item Type: Thesis (Sarjana)
Identification Number: SKR/FP/2019/357/051907100
Subjects: 300 Social sciences > 362 Social problems of and services to groups of people > 362.04 Special topics of social problems of and services to groups of people
Divisions: Fakultas Pertanian > Agribisnis
Depositing User: Nur Cholis
Date Deposited: 24 Aug 2020 07:05
Last Modified: 22 Oct 2021 07:18
URI: http://repository.ub.ac.id/id/eprint/173240
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