Analisis Pengaruh Operasi Triton Terhadap Efisiensi Tata Kelola Penerimaan Migran Di Italia Tahun 2014 – 2018

Sagita, Adelina Eka (2019) Analisis Pengaruh Operasi Triton Terhadap Efisiensi Tata Kelola Penerimaan Migran Di Italia Tahun 2014 – 2018. Sarjana thesis, Universitas Brawijaya.

Abstract

Krisis migran di Eropatelah meningkat sejak 2011 setelah Arab Spring. Orang – orang pun mulai berdatangan dari Afrika dan Timur Tengah, mereka mencoba untuk mencapai Eropa melalui rute jalur tengah Mediterania. Sayangnya hal ini justru meningkat untuk laporan kehilangan dan kematian. Uni Eropa bekerja sama dengan Pemerintah Italia telah merepon melalui Frontex Joint Operation Triton untuk mengawasi batas eksternal Uni Eropa. Jumlah kedatngan di Italia pun meningkat sehingga Uni Eropa mengeluarkan kebijakan Hotspot Approach untuk diadopsi oleh Italia. Kedua regulasi tersebut diadopsi di tiga level, yakni Uni Eropa, Italia, dan subnasional Italia. Penelitian ini memperhatikan koordinasi di tiga level mengenai sebuah kebijakan penerimaan migran dengan menggunakan teori Multilevel Governance dan Efisiensi Tata Kelola milik Gary Marks dan Liesbet Hooghe. Ditemukan bahwa setelah adanya kebijakan Frontex Joint Operation Triton tata kelola penerimaan migran di Italia menjadi lebih efisien pada efisiensi teknis, alokatif dan antaryuridiksi.

English Abstract

Migrant crisis in European has increased since 2011 after Arab Springs. People from Africa and Middle East has tried to reach European through central Mediterranean route. Unfortunately, it increases the report of missing people and death. European Union and Government of Italy has responded this through Frontex Joint Operation Triton to control external border control in Europe. Number of arrival in Italy has increased and European has declared Hotspot Approach to adopted Italy for system reception of migrant. Both regulation has adopted multilevel in European Union, Italy and subnational of Italy. Multilevel governance theory and efficiency concept from Gary Marks and Liesbet Hooghe would help integration of policy in three level. It is found that after Frontex Joint Operation Triton policy the management of migrant reception in Italy became more efficient in technical, allocative, and interjuridictional efficiency.

Item Type: Thesis (Sarjana)
Identification Number: SKR/FISIP/2019/636/051905457
Uncontrolled Keywords: Gary Marks, Liesbet Hooghe, imigran, efisiensi, tata kelola, multilevel, multilevel governance-Gary Marks, Liesbet Hooghe, migrant, efficiency, governance, multilevel, multilevel governance
Subjects: 300 Social sciences > 331 Labor economics > 331.5 Workers by personal attributes other than age > 331.54 Workers in special economic situations > 331.544 Migrant and casual workers
Divisions: Fakultas Ilmu Sosial dan Ilmu Politik > Hubungan Internasional
Depositing User: soegeng sugeng
Date Deposited: 05 Aug 2020 07:24
Last Modified: 21 Oct 2021 05:13
URI: http://repository.ub.ac.id/id/eprint/171496
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