Peran North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO) Dalam Respon Lithuania Terhadap Ancaman Rusia Di Kawasan Laut Baltik Melalui Terbentuknya Enhanced Forward Presence (EFP) Tahun 2016

Khasanah, Apriatni Nur (2018) Peran North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO) Dalam Respon Lithuania Terhadap Ancaman Rusia Di Kawasan Laut Baltik Melalui Terbentuknya Enhanced Forward Presence (EFP) Tahun 2016. Sarjana thesis, Universitas Brawijaya.

Abstract

Pasca aneksasi Crimea tahun 2014, Rusia tidak begitu saja meghentikan agresifitas aktivitas militernya dan penerapan strategi hybridwarfare di kawasan Laut Baltik. Hal tersebut telah menimbulkan kekhawatiran di negara-negara Baltik akan potensi ancaman Rusia, salah satunya Lithuania. Terutama letak Lithuania yang berbatasan dengan wilayah eksclave Kaliningrad, Rusia yang digunakan untuk aktivitas militer. Pada Oktober 2016, Rusia menempatkan Iskander M-missile dan S-400 untuk pertahanan udara dengan sistem di Kaliningrad. Rusia juga melakukan peningkatan kapabilitas kekuatan militernya. Sementara itu, masih terdapat ketidakseimbangan kekuatan militer antara Rusia dan Lithuania. Sehingga, memanfaatkan keanggotaannya dalam the North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO). Lithuania mendorong penerapan pertahanan kolektif yang lebih pastisipatif dari NATO melalui kerangka Enhanced Forwad Presence (eFP) untuk merespon ancaman Rusia. Untuk mengetahui bagaimana peran NATO sebagai organisasi internasional pertahanan dan keamanan dalam respon Lithuania terhadap ancaman Rusia di kawasan Laut Baltik, penulis menggunakan Konsep Peran Organisasi Internasional milik Clive Archer melalui tiga varibel dalam konsep Archer tersebut, yaitu organisasi internasional sebagai instrumen, arena dan aktor. Selanjutnya, akan dilakukan operasionalisasi konsep untuk melihat apakah ketiga variabel dalam konsep Peran Organisasi Internasional tersebut sudah dipenuhi oleh NATO. Jadi, nantinya akan diketahui apakah NATO sudah menjalankan perannya sebagai organisasi internasional dalam membantu Lithuania merespon ancaman Rusia tahun 2016.

English Abstract

After the annexation of Crimea in 2014, Russia did not simply stop the aggressiveness of its military activities and the adoption of a hybridwarfare strategy in the Baltic Sea region. This has raised concerns in the Baltic countries about the potential threat of Russia, one of which is Lithuania. Especially the location of Lithuania which borders the exclave region of Kaliningrad, Russia which is used for military activities. In October 2016, Russia placed Iskander Mmissile and S-400 for air defense with a missile system in Kaliningrad. Russia has also increased its military capability. Meanwhile, there is still an imbalance in military power between Russia and Lithuania. Thus, utilizing its membership in the North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO). Lithuania encouraged the adoption of a more participatory collective defense from NATO through the framework of Enhanced Forwad Presence (eFP) to respond to Russian threats. To find out how NATO's role as an international organization of defense and security in Lithuania's response to the threat of Russia in the Baltic Sea region, the author uses Clive Archer's Concept of the Role of International Organizations through three Archer concepts, namely international organizations as instruments, arenas and actors. Furthermore, the concept will be operationalized to see whether the three variables in the concept of the Role of the International Organization have been met by NATO. So, it will be known whether NATO has carried out its role as an international organization in helping Lithuania respond to the Russian threat in 2016.

Item Type: Thesis (Sarjana)
Identification Number: SKR/FIS/2018/1098/051901250
Uncontrolled Keywords: NATO, organisasi internasional, Lithuania, ancaman Rusia di kawasan Laut Baltik, Enhanced Forward Presence (eFP), Konsep Peran Organisasi Internasional.-NATO, international organizations, Lithuania, Russian threats in the Baltic Sea region, Enhanced Forward Presence (eFP), Concept of the Role of International Organizations.
Subjects: 000 Computer science, information and general works > 060 General organizations and museology
Divisions: Fakultas Ilmu Sosial dan Ilmu Politik > Hubungan Internasional
Depositing User: soegeng sugeng
Date Deposited: 19 Sep 2019 02:32
Last Modified: 29 Jun 2020 03:02
URI: http://repository.ub.ac.id/id/eprint/163783
Full text not available from this repository.

Actions (login required)

View Item View Item