Pengalaman & Makna Dukungan Sosial Yang Diterima Klien Ketergantungan Napza (Substance Abuse Disorder) Dalam Menjalani Proses Pemulihan Di Kabupaten Sleman

Hidayati, Rizqi Wahyu (2017) Pengalaman & Makna Dukungan Sosial Yang Diterima Klien Ketergantungan Napza (Substance Abuse Disorder) Dalam Menjalani Proses Pemulihan Di Kabupaten Sleman. Magister thesis, Universitas Brawijaya.

Abstract

Penyalahgunaan NAPZA telah menjadi masalah global, termasuk Indonesia, khususnya Yogyakarta. Propinsi inimemiliki prevalensi tertinggi penyalahguna narkoba di kalangan pelajar dan mahasiswa di Indonesia. Penggunaan tersebut memiliki dampak negatif terhadap kesehatan baik secara fisik maupun psikologis. Sehingga dibutuhkan pemulihan untuk mengembalikan fungsi dan peran individu. Ketika menjalani proses pemulihan dibutuhkan dukungan sosial. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui makna pengalaman dalam menjalani proses pemulihan ketergantungan NAPZA selama menerima dukungan social. Design yang digunakan yaitu kualitatif dengan pendekatan fenomenologi intepretif. Partisipan diambil dengan menggunakan metode purposive samplingdidapatkan 9 partisipan. Tehnik pengambilan data melalui in depht interviewopen ended question. Analisis datamenggunakan metode Intepretative Phenomenological Analysis (IPA). Berdasarkan hasil analisis didapatkan hasil tema yaitu sebagai berikut: (1) Mencoba menjadi bagian dari dunia NAPZA; (2) NAPZA menguasai diri; (3) Memahami upaya pembebasan NAPZA sepanjang hayat; (4) Menerima cambukan yang menyelamatkan dari keterpurukan; (5) Tidak menjadi bagian dari dunia kehidupan; (6) Merasa dimanusiakan di lingkungan sosial; (7) Mendapat dukungan utuh untuk bangkit dari keterpurukan; (8) Mempertahankan diri dari ego dan lingkungan yang menjerumuskan; (9) Ingin menjadi mandiri untuk bangkit dari keterpurukan; dan (10) Mendapat kepercayaan dan cinta kasih. Hasil didapatkan bahwa dukungan ini diartikan sebagai cambukan yang memiliki makna bahwa ia dapat memberikan rasa tidak nyaman, seperti merasa dipaksa untuk berubah, terlalu sering dinasehati, atau diberikan komentar-komentar negatif. Namun, hal tersebut juga mampu meningkatkan motivasi untuk meningkatkan kualitas hidup selama pemulihan.Penelitian ini hanya mengambil partisipan yang berjenis kelamin laki-laki, sehingga peneliti menyarankan untuk penelitian selanjutnya diharapkan menggali lebih dalam tentang keterkaitan dukungan sosial dengan isu gender selama menjalani proses pemulihan.

English Abstract

Drug abuse is a global problem, including Indonesia, especiallyYogyakarta. This province has the highest prevalence of drug abuse among students in Indonesia. The drug abuse has negative impacts on health both physically and psychologically. Because of that, recovery is needed to restore the function and role of the individual. When they undergo the recovery process, social support is required. This study aimed to determine the meaning of experience in undergoing the process of recovery of drug dependence during receiving social support. The study used qualitative with interpretative phenomenology design. Participants were taken using purposive sampling method, there were 9 participants include in this study. The data retrieval technique through in depth interview with open ended question. Data analysis used Interpretative Phenomenological Analysis (IPA) method. Based on the results, themes were obtained: (1) Trying to be part of the drugs world; (2) The drugs take control on you; (3) Understanding recovery is a long life process; (4) Receiving a whip which save you from the downturn; (5) Not being a part of the world of life; (6) Gain a sense of humanity in society; (7) Gain the whole support to rise from adversity; (8) Defend on your ego and the plunge environment; (9) Be independent to rise from adversity; And (10) Gain trust and love. The result showed that this support was interpreted as a lash. It had the meaning that it could suffer pain, such as forced to change, too much advised, or negative comment. However, it also could increase the motivation to move forward for the clients. Finally, researchers suggest for further research is expected to explore about the relation of social support and gender issues when they get drugs recovery.

Item Type: Thesis (Magister)
Identification Number: TES/362.29/HID/p/2017/041707329
Uncontrolled Keywords: DRUG ABUSE, DRUG ABUSE - SOCIAL ASPECTS, INDONESIA - SLEMAN
Subjects: 300 Social sciences > 362 Social problems of and services to groups of people > 362.2 People with mental illness and disabilities > 362.29 Substance abuse
Divisions: S2/S3 > Magister Keperawatan, Fakultas Kedokteran
Depositing User: Nur Cholis
Date Deposited: 24 Aug 2017 02:27
Last Modified: 16 Nov 2020 13:22
URI: http://repository.ub.ac.id/id/eprint/1584
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