Penurunan Kandungan Logam Pb dan Cr Leachate melalui Fitoremediasi Bambu Air (Equisetum hyemale) dan Zeolit

AnamMS, MohMishbahul (2011) Penurunan Kandungan Logam Pb dan Cr Leachate melalui Fitoremediasi Bambu Air (Equisetum hyemale) dan Zeolit. Sarjana thesis, Universitas Brawijaya.

Abstract

Jumlah sampah di TPA yang sangat besar akan menyebabkan proses dekomposisi alamiah berlangsung secara besar-besaran pula. Proses dekomposisi tersebut akan mengubah sampah menjadi pupuk organik yang jika ada masukan air dari luar, akan melarutkan logam-logam yang kemudian menjadi hasil samping yaitu leachate. Masuknya zat-zat kimia yang terkandung dalam leachate ke dalam ekosistem perairan juga dapat mempengaruhi biota yang ada. Oleh karenanya perlu pengolahan limbah tersebut seblum di lepas ke lingkungan. Pengolahan limbah leachate dengan menggunakan prinsip fitoremediasi melalui tanaman Bambu Air (Equisetum hyemale), dengan media tanam zeolit menjadi pilihan dalam upaya pengolahan limbah cair Sistem fitoremidiasi diambil dengan berbagai pertimbangan yang sangat potensial untuk dikembangkan menjadi inovasi baru dalam proses pengolahan limbah leachate.. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui keefektifan sistem fitoremediasi menggunakan tanaman bambu air (Equisetum hyemale) dan media tanam zeolit dengan sistem batch dan sistem kontinyu dalam menurunkan kandungan logam berat Pb dan Cr leachate. Penelitian ini dilaksanakan pada bulan mei sampai bulan Juli 2011 di Green House Laboratorium Teknik Sumber Daya Alam dan Lingkungan (TSAL) Jurusan Keteknikan Pertanian, Fakultas Teknologi Pertanian Universitas Brawijaya, Malang. Metode penelitian yang digunakan adalah metode eksperimental. Pengamatan yang dilakukan meliputi suhu dan kelembaban lingkungan, pH larutan dan suhu perlakuan. Penurunan kandungan Logam Pb dan Cr pada leachate. Sistem batch dan sistem kontinyu secara keseluruhan, rerata pH leachate yang diujikan selama perlakuan ini berkisar sekitar 7,466. pH leachate yang diujikan tidak kurang dari 7,200 dan tidak lebih dari 7,810. Rerata suhu leachate dari minggu pertama sampai minggu ketiga sebesar 22,283 0C. perlakuan terbaik ada pada perlakuan K2S1 (60 Tanaman sistem batch) dengan penurunan kandungan logam Pb sebesar 82,2% pada minggu terakhir pengamatan. Sedangkan penurunan logam Cr sebesar 61,2% pada perlakuan K2S2 (60 Tanaman sistem Kontinyu).

English Abstract

The very large numbers of trash in the TPA (end disposal place) will cause the natural decomposition process goes on massively as well. The decomposition process will change trash into organic fertilizer that if there any water input from the outside, it will dissolve metals that later become the byproduct that is leachate. The introduction of chemical contained in the leachate into the waters ecosystem may also affect the existing biota. Therefore, it is need the waste treatment before released into the environment. Leachate waste treatment by using the phytoremediation principle by means of Bambu air plant (Equisetum hyemale), with zeolite planting media was to be the choice in the effort of liquid waste treatment the Phytoremediation system was taken with a various considerations that very potential to develop into new innovation in the process of leachate waste treatment. This research had the purpose to know the effectiveness of phytoremediation system using water bamboo plant (Equisetum hyemale) and zeolit planting media by batch system and continue system in reducing Pb and Cr heavy metals contents of leachate. This research was conducted on May through July 2001 at the Green House of Natural and Environmental Resources Engineering Laboratory (TSAL) of Agricultural Engineering Matter Department, Agricultural Technology Faculty of Brawijaya University, Malang. Research method used was the experimental method. Observations carried out involved environmental temperature and humidity, solution pH and treatment temperature, Reduction of Pb and Cr Metals Contents on leachate. Batch system and continue system as a whole, mean of leachate pH tested during this treatment was about 7,466. Leachate pH tested did not less than 7,200 and not more that 7,810. Mean of leachate temperature from the first week through third week was of 22,283°C. The best treatment was on the K2S1 (60 batch system plants) treatment with reduction of Pb metal content of 82,2% in the last week of observation. While the reduction of Cr metal of 61,2% was on the K2S2 (60 continue system plants) treatment.

Item Type: Thesis (Sarjana)
Identification Number: SKR/FTP/2011/245/051104248
Subjects: 300 Social sciences > 338 Production > 338.1 Agriculture
Divisions: Fakultas Teknologi Pertanian > Keteknikan Pertanian
Depositing User: Unnamed user with email heriprayitno@ub.ac.id
Date Deposited: 10 Nov 2011 09:41
Last Modified: 21 Oct 2021 14:59
URI: http://repository.ub.ac.id/id/eprint/148699
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