Pemanfaatan Potensi Biogas Sebagai Sumber Energi Alternatif di Desa Talangagung

Anzani, Sharfina (2014) Pemanfaatan Potensi Biogas Sebagai Sumber Energi Alternatif di Desa Talangagung. Sarjana thesis, Universitas Brawijaya.

Abstract

Gas metana adalah gas yang timbul dari proses fermentasi anaerobik (tanpa udara) dari bahan organik seperti limbah kotoran ternak, sampah, maupun limbah pertanian. Proses anaerobik dipengaruhi oleh beberapa faktor antara lain temperatur, keasaman, serta kandungan air. Gas emisi dari TPA meliputi metana (CH 4 ), karbondioksida (CO 2 ), non-methane volatile organik compounds (NMVOCs), Nitratoksida (N 2 O), Nitrogenoksida (NO x ) dan karbonmonoksida (CO) yang dihasilkan selama proses degradasi sampah. Pada jumlah tertentu, gas metana dan karbondioksida dalam atmosfer dapat menyumbang efek pemanasan global dan perubahan iklim (UNEP, 2010). Metana memiliki potensi pemanasan global ( global warming potential / GWP ) 21 kali lebih besar dibanding karbondioksida.(IPCC, 2006) TPA Talangagung yang berada di Desa Talangagung mulai beroperasi pada tahun 2009 dan mulai memiliki aliran gas metana sebagai sumber energi alternatif di tahun 2012. Namun, aliran gas metana belum termanfaatkan secara menyeluruh, terhitung pada tahun 2012 hanya 102 rumah yang teraliri gas metana. Guna mengembangkan aliran gas metana sebagai sumber energi alternatif, dilakukan analisis berupa analisis perhitungan potensi produksi gas metana,untuk mengetahui seberapa besar potensi gas metana di Desa Talangagung, yang sebelumnya dilakukan perhitungan penghematan dan pemanfaatan gas metana. Analisis IPA digunakan untuk mengevaluasi kinerja pengelolaan gas metana di TPA Talangagung dengan melihat tingkat kepuasan dan kepentingan dari warga Desa Talangagung. Analisis selanjutnya ialah analisis WTP (willingness to pay) yang digunakan untuk mengetahui seberapa besar kemauan warga unruk berkontribusi secara ekonomi. Hasil yang didapat dari penelitian ini ialah banyaknya potensi gas metana yang belum termanfaatkan yaitu sebesar 99,8% dengan total potensi produksi gas metana dari tahun 2009-2013 ialah sebesar 17.737,64 ton. Bedasarkan hasil ini, p erlu adanya pengembangan sistem pendi s tribusian yang didukung melalui peningkatan kinerja distribusi gas metana dengan penambahan tenaga kerja sebagai pengelola gas metana di TPA Talangagung. Kemauan warga sekitar untuk berkontribusi ekonomi dipengaruhi oleh tingkat pendapatan warga.

English Abstract

Methane is a gas that arises from the process of anaerobic fermentation (without air) of organic material such as manure waste, garbage, and agricultural waste. Anaerobic process is influenced by several factors such as temperature, acidity, and water content. Gas emissions from landfill include methane (CH4), carbon dioxide (CO2), non-methane volatile organic compounds (NMVOCs), Nitratoksida (N2O), Nitrogenoksida (NOx) and carbon monoxide (CO) generated during waste degradation process. In a certain number, methane and carbon dioxide in the atmosphere can contribute to the effects of global warming and climate change (UNEP, 2010). Methane has a global warming potential (global warming potential / GWP) 21 times greater than carbon dioxide. (IPCC, 2006) Talangagung landfill b egan to operate in 2009 and distribute biogas in 2012 . H owever the utilization of biogas still low. They are 102 household which are provide by the biogas. In order to improve the utilization of biogas as a renewable energy the calculation of biogas production potential was conducted. The calculation of saving on biogas utilization was calculated before. Importance Performance Analysis (IPA) w o s use d to evaluate the performance of biogas distribution on Talangagung landfill by comparing the satisfacti o n and important of the community. Willingness To Pay (WTP) was analysed to find out how much the willingness of the community to contribute economicaly. The result showed that 99,8 % of the total production of biogas has not been utilized (2009-2013). Which is equal to 17.737,64 tons. Therefore it is required to develop biogas distribution system, which supports the improvement of biogas distribution performance. It can be achieved by increasing the number to labor. The willingness of local people to contribute the economy has the relationship with the income level.

Item Type: Thesis (Sarjana)
Identification Number: SKR/FT/2014/710/051408013
Subjects: 300 Social sciences > 307 Communities > 307.1 Planning and development > 307.121 6 City planning
Divisions: Fakultas Teknik > Teknik Perencanaa Wilayah dan Kota
Depositing User: Hasbi
Date Deposited: 05 Dec 2014 08:35
Last Modified: 22 Dec 2021 03:05
URI: http://repository.ub.ac.id/id/eprint/143044
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