Pencapaian Desa Mandiri Energi Dengan Pemanfaatan Limbah Kotoran Ternak (Studi Kasus: Desa Jarak, Kecamatan Wonosalam)

Paramita, EmaPratnya (2014) Pencapaian Desa Mandiri Energi Dengan Pemanfaatan Limbah Kotoran Ternak (Studi Kasus: Desa Jarak, Kecamatan Wonosalam). Sarjana thesis, Universitas Brawijaya.

Abstract

Biogas merupakan merupakan hasil fermentasi dari bahan organik dalam kondisi anaerob, karena diproses secara alami, gas ini merupakan campuran beberapa gas yang tergolong sebagai bahan bakar di mana gas yang dominan adalah CH4 dan yang lain yang jauh lebih kecil adalah CO2, NO2, SO2, dan lainlain. Biogas ini memiliki nilai kalor yang cukup tinggi yaitu pada kisaran 4800- 6700 kkal/m3, sedang gas methana murni nilai kalornya 8900 kkal/m3 (Simanjuntak, Melvin Emil, 2005). Pada penelitian ini fokus pada identifikasi ketersedian potensi energi biogas di Desa Jarak serta pemenuhan kebutuhan rumah tangga (memasak dan penerangan), sarana, dan penerangan jalan. Dalam pemanfaatan energi biogas perlu mengetahui tingkat partisipasi masyarakatnya. Melakukan evaluasi tingkat partisipasi masyarakat peternak dan non-peternak. Analisa yang digunakan dalam penelitian ini analisis ketersediaan energi dan proyeksi penduduk rate of participtions, regresi logistik. Hasil dari penelitian ini menunjukkan bahwa produksi energi biogas tahun 2014 hingga 2018 sebesar 5.629.176 [Kwh/tahun]. Total pemenuhan kebutuhan masyarakat di Desa Jarak berupa pemenuhan kebutuhan rumah tangga, kebutuhan sarana, dan kebutuhan penerangan jalan sebesar 1.516.549,50 [Kwh/tahun]. Tingkat partisipasi masyarakat peternak dan non-peternak di Desa Jarak diklasifikasikan dalam tingkat partisipasi rendah. Pengembangan energi biogas dapat memperhatikan 5 variabel yang ada yaitu Tingkat Pendidikan (X4), Tingkat Partisipasi (X5), Pendapatan (X1), Jumlah Sapi (X3), Pemanfaatan Energi (X2).

English Abstract

Biogas is the result of fermentation of organic matter under anaerobic conditions , because naturally processed gas is a mixture of several gases are classified as fuel in which the dominant gas is CH4 and the other is a much smaller CO2 , NO2 , SO2 , and others. Biogas has a calorific value is quite high, in the range of 4800-6700 kkal/m3 , being pure methane gas calorific value 8900 kkal/m3 ( simanjuntak , Melvin Emil , 2005) . In this study focuses on identifying the availability of biogas energy potential in the Jarak Village, fulfilling household needs (cooking and lighting), facilities, and street lighting. In the utilization of biogas energy needs to know the level of community participation . To evaluate the level of participation of farmers and non - farmers. The analysis used in this study , namely supply and demand analysis , rate of participation , logistic regression The results of this study showed that the biogas production in 2014 to 2018 amounted to 5.629.176 [ Kwh / year ] . The fulfillment of needs of people in Jarak Village for household needs, facilities, and street lighting are 1.516.549,50 [ Kwh / year ]. The level of participation of farmers and non - farmers in the village of distance is classified in the low participation rate . Biogas energy development can be noticed that there is a variable 5 Education Level ( X4 ) , Level of Participation ( X5 ) , income ( X1 ) , Number of Cows ( X3 ) , Energy Utilization ( X2 ) .

Item Type: Thesis (Sarjana)
Identification Number: SKR/FT/2014/43/051400887
Subjects: 300 Social sciences > 307 Communities > 307.1 Planning and development > 307.121 6 City planning
Divisions: Fakultas Teknik > Teknik Perencanaa Wilayah dan Kota
Depositing User: Hasbi
Date Deposited: 11 Feb 2014 11:08
Last Modified: 22 Oct 2021 06:23
URI: http://repository.ub.ac.id/id/eprint/142726
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