Keberlanjutan Implementasi Pemanfaatan Limbah Kotoran Ternak Di Desa Tegalweru,

Rizki, RikaAmalia (2014) Keberlanjutan Implementasi Pemanfaatan Limbah Kotoran Ternak Di Desa Tegalweru,. Sarjana thesis, Universitas Brawijaya.

Abstract

Limbah ternak merupakan salah satu sumber energi terbarukan yang dewasa ini marak untuk dikembangkan baik dalam skala industri maupun skala rumah tangga. Pemanfaatan yang tepat akan membuat limbah ternak menjadi sebuah sumber energi terbarukan yang mampu memenuhi kebutuhan masyarakat akan energi (Setiawan A. I.,2002). Desa Tegalweru Kecamatan Dau Kabupaten Malang memiliki potensi yang cukup besar apabila dimanfaatkan untuk pengembangan energi biogas. Sebagian besar mata pencaharian penduduk adalah bertani dan beternak. Limbah kotoran sapi apabila dimanfaatkan secara efisien dan tepat guna untuk energi dapat membantu meminimalisir pencemaran lingkungan dan meningkatkan perekonomian masyarakat Desa Tegalweru. Penelitian ini berfokus untuk mengidentifikasi manfaat adanya Biogas dan untuk mengidentifikasi faktor-faktor yang mempengaruhi keberhasilan Biogas dari segi ekonomi, sosial dan lingkungan di Desa Tegalweru. Manfaat ekonomi adanya Biogas dianalisis dengan menggunakan analisis Manfaat Biaya. Metode IPCC (2006) digunakan sebagai acuan untuk menghitung penurunan emisi gas metana dan gas nitrous oksida. Penilaian aspek sosial digunakan untuk mengetahui pengaruh Biogas terhadap sosial budaya yang mengacu pada parameter dari Sulaeman (2008) dan Andreas (2010), sedangkan untuk mengetahui faktor yang berpengaruh terhadap keberlanjutan Biogas menggunakan analisis regresi logistic. Hasil penelitian ini menemukan bahwa hasil NPV , IRR dan perhitungan BCR masing-masing adalah 1,19 dan 0,44. Ini berarti bahwa NPV lebih dari 0 , IRR lebih dari 0,06 dan BCR lebih dari 1 . Hal ini dapat disimpulkan bahwa secara ekonomis pemanfaatan limbah kotoran ternak sebagai sumber biogas yang layak Pengurangan Emisi CH4 dan N2O dengan memanfaatkan semua sapi sebanyak 1080 sapi sebesar 1.8x10-3 Gg CH4 dan 2.16.10-5 Gg N2O masing-masing. Hasil analisis sosial dihasilkan bahwa Biogas memiliki nilai positif terhadap kondisi sosial masyarakat. Variabel yang mempengaruhi keberlanjutan biogas adalah Pengurangan Pengeluaran dan Biaya Aplikasi dari aspek ekonomi, Minat Menggunakan Biogas dan Ketersediaan Tenaga Kerja dari aspek sosial, Pengurangan Pencemaran dan Zero Waste dari aspek lingkungan.

English Abstract

Livestock waste is one of the renewable energy sources that are currently emerging to developed both in scale and household industries . Will make the proper utilization of livestock waste into a renewable energy source that is able to meet the energy needs of the community ( AI Setiawan,2002). Rural Tegalweru District of Dau Malang has considerable potential if harnessed for the development of biogas energy. Most of livelihood is farming and animal husbandry. Livestock manure when utilized in an efficient and effective for energy can help minimize environmental pollution and improve the economy of the village community Tegalweru . This study focuses on Biogas aware of the benefits and to determine the factors that affect the sustainability of Biogas in terms of economic , social and environmental Rural Tegalweru. Absence of economic benefits of biogas were analyzed using Cost Benefit analysis. IPCC method (2006) is used as a reference to calculate the emission reductions of methane and nitrous oxide gas . Social aspects of assessment is used to determine the effect of the socio-cultural Biogas refers to the parameters of Sulaiman (2008 ) and Andreas ( 2010), while to determine the factors that affect the sustainability of the biogas using logistic regression analysis. The results of the study found that the results of the NPV, IRR and BCR calculation is 1,19 and 0,44 respectively. It means that NPV more than 0, IRR more than 0.06 and BCR is more than 1. It can be concluded that economically the utilization of manure waste as a source of biogas is viable. The CH4 emission and N2O emissions reductions by utilizing all manure from 1080 cows amounted to 1.8x10-3 Gg CH4 dan 2.16.10-5 Gg N2O respectively. Social analysis produced results that biogas has a positive value to the social conditions of the community. The variables that affect the sustainability of the biogas are Expenditure Reduction and the Application Cost from economic aspect, the Willingness to use biogas and Labor Availability from social aspect). reduction of pollution and Zero Waste from Environmental aspect.

Item Type: Thesis (Sarjana)
Identification Number: SKR/FT/2014/242/051403189
Subjects: 300 Social sciences > 307 Communities > 307.1 Planning and development > 307.121 6 City planning
Divisions: Fakultas Teknik > Teknik Perencanaa Wilayah dan Kota
Depositing User: Budi Wahyono Wahyono
Date Deposited: 12 Jun 2014 11:09
Last Modified: 21 Oct 2021 13:51
URI: http://repository.ub.ac.id/id/eprint/142523
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