Pengaruh Umur Lebah Ratu (Apis Mellifera) Terhadap Jumlah Produksi Telur Di Peternakan Lebah PT. Kembang Joyo Sriwijaya Karangploso Malang

Munifah, Siti (2017) Pengaruh Umur Lebah Ratu (Apis Mellifera) Terhadap Jumlah Produksi Telur Di Peternakan Lebah PT. Kembang Joyo Sriwijaya Karangploso Malang. Sarjana thesis, Universitas Brawijaya.

Abstract

Apis mellifera merupakan lebah madu jenis unggul yang berasal dari Eropa yang kini sedang dikembangkan pembudidayaannya. Keistimewaan lebah madu ini lebih mudah dibudidayakan, sifatnya yang tidak agresif dan mudah beradaptasi dengan lingkungan sehingga lebah jenis ini tidak mudah meninggalkan sarangnya. Lebah ratu berperan sangat penting di dalam koloni lebah madu. Fungsi reproduksi menjadikan lebah ratu sebagai induk yang menentukan sifat dan karakter seluruh anggota koloni, baik secara individu maupun kolektif, namun peran dan fungsi lebah ratu didalam koloni dibatasi oleh faktor umur. Masa produktif lebah ratu paling lama 2 sampai 4 tahun, bahkan tidak jarang hanya 1 tahun. Penelitian dilaksanakan pada 30 Oktober 2016 – 26 Februari 2017 di Peternakan lebah madu milik PT. Kembang Joyo Sriwijaya yang berada di kawasan UB forest, Dusun Sumbersari, Desa Tawangargo, Kecamatan Karangploso, Kabupaten Malang. Tujuan penelitian ini adalah untuk mengetahui pengaruh umur lebah ratu Apis mellifera terhadap jumlah produksi telur pada pemeliharaan daerah tropis. Hasil penelitian ini diharapkan dapat dijadikan sebagai landasan viii ilmiah dalam menetapkan umur lebah ratu Apis mellifera bahwa umur berpengaruh terhadap jumlah produksi telur dan sebagai pedoman bagi pelaku praktisi usaha perlebahan untuk menentukan umur lebah ratu Apis mellifera yang produktif. Materi yang digunakan dalam penelitian ini adalah koloni lebah madu Apis mellifera sebanyak 3 stup yang masing-masing stup terdiri dari lebah ratu umur 3 bulan (P1), lebah ratu umur 6 bulan (P2) dan lebah ratu umur 1 tahun (P3). Metode yang digunakan dalam penelitian ini adalah metode percobaan dengan Rancangan Acak Lengkap (RAL) dengan 3 perlakuan dan 6 ulangan. Data yang diperoleh dianalisis dengan analisis ragam dan apabila terdapat perbedaan maka dilanjutkan dengan uji BNT. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa perbedaan umur lebah ratu tidak memberikan perngaruh yang nyata (P>0,05) terhadap jumlah produksi telur dan luas sisiran sarang telur. Nilai rata-rata jumlah produksi telur yaitu P1 1.157±287 butir; P2 1.306±247 butir; dan P3 1.271±296 butir, sedangkan nilai rata-rata luas sisiran sarang telur yaitu P1 474±117,0 cm2; P2 535,3±101,30 cm2; dan P3 520,8±121,29 cm2. Kesimpulan dari penelitian ini adalah penggunaan lebah ratu Apis mellifera umur 3 bulan hingga 12 bulan tidak memberikan pengaruh yang nyata terhadap jumlah produksi telur dan masih belum diketahui secara tepat umur produktif lebah ratu pada pemeliharaan daerah tropis. Saran untuk penelitian selanjutnya sebaiknya menggunakan umur lebah ratu Apis mellifera dengan kisaran 1–2 tahun dan perlu dilakukan penelitian terhadap faktor lain yang mempengaruhi produktivitas lebah ratu seperti kondisi cuaca dan pakan.

English Abstract

The purpose of this study was to determine the effect of age of queen bee Apis mellifera to the number of egg production and to determine the productive age of queen bee of Apis mellifera. The material used was 3 colonies of honeybee Apis mellifera, which consisted of a 3 month old queen bee (P1), 6 months old queen bee (P2) and 1 year old queen bee (P3). The method used in this study was experimented with completely randomized design (CRD) with 3 treatments and 6 replications. Data were analyzed by Analysis of Variance (ANOVA). The results showed that the age different of queen bee was not gave the significant effect to (P> 0.05) egg production and the area of broad nest egg. The average value of the number of egg production is P1 1157± 287 grains; P2 1306 ± 247 grains; and P3 1271 ± 296 grains, while the average value of broad nest egg area was P1 474.0 ± 117.42 cm2; P2 535.3±101.30 cm2; and P3 520.8±121.29 cm2. The conclusion of this study was that the use of queen bee Apis mellifera of 3 months age up to 12 months age have same ability to lay eggs were not given a significantly. Suggestions for future research studied should be vi use the age of queen bee Apis mellifera in the range of 1-2 years because the use of queen bees age ≤ 1 year gave not effect. In addition it is necessary to conduct further research on other factors that affect productivity and feed of the queen bee and the weather conditions.

Item Type: Thesis (Sarjana)
Identification Number: SKR/FPT/2017/143/051704318
Subjects: 600 Technology (Applied sciences) > 636 Animal husbandry
Divisions: Fakultas Peternakan > Peternakan
Depositing User: Kustati
Date Deposited: 09 Jun 2017 13:34
Last Modified: 21 Oct 2021 02:49
URI: http://repository.ub.ac.id/id/eprint/138151
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