Effect Of Noni Leaves Extract (Morinda Citrifolia L.) Supplementation In Feed On Broiler Performances

Hilman, Taufich (2015) Effect Of Noni Leaves Extract (Morinda Citrifolia L.) Supplementation In Feed On Broiler Performances. Sarjana thesis, Universitas Brawijaya.

Abstract

The purpose of this research was to investigate the effect of noni leaves extract (Morinda citrifolia L.) supplementation in feed on broiler performances including feed consumption, body weight gain (BWG), feed conversion ratio (FCR), and Income Over Feed Cost (IOFC) and to determine the best treatment which enable to optimize the broiler performances. The material used one hundred and twenty 8-days old broilers of unsex Lohmann strain. The average initial body weight was 125.85 ± 10.49 (g) and the coefficient of variation 8.34%. They were reared until age of 35 days. The research method was experiment used 6 treatments with 4 replications. Each replication used five broiler chickens. The treatments were T0: Basal feed (control); TA: Basal feed + 0.05% tetracycline antibiotic; T1: Basal feed + 0.05% noni leaves extract; T2: Basal feed + 0.1% noni leaves extract; T3: vi Basal feed + 0.15% noni leaves extract; T4: Basal feed + 0.2% noni leaves extract. Data were analyzed using analysis of variance based on Completely Randomized Design (CRD). If significant effect appears it would be continued by Duncan Multiple Range Test. The result showed that there was significant effect (P<0.05) of noni leaves extract supplementation in feed on feed consumption but there were no significant effect (P>0.05) on body weight gain, feed conversion ratio, and IOFC. Conclusion of this research was supplementation of 0.1% noni leaves extract (Morinda citrifolia L.) in feed increased feed consumption (2801 ± 62 g/bird), but did not increase body weight gain (1455 ± 131 g/bird), feed conversion ratio (1.94 ± 0.19), and Income Over Feed Cost (IOFC) (IDR 9286 ± 2961).

English Abstract

Improved feed efficiency can be done by modifying the composition of the microflora of the gastrointestinal tract by using additional feed. The first choice of feed additive was antibiotic. Recently, the excessive use of antibiotics in livestock can cause bacteria resitent that is dangerous to human health and environment. In order to avoid the adverse effects of antibiotics, it is necessary to use alternative natural antibacterial substance. Noni plant (Morinda citrifolia L.), especially on the leaves and fruit has antibacterial compounds such as anthraquinone and alkaloids which can inhibit the growth of pathogenic bacteria The research activity was conducted for 2 months from April 3rd to June 15th, 2014 in the Tlekung Village, District Junrejo, Batu City. The averages of temperature ranged between 23ºC-29ºC and relative humidity (RH) ranged between viii 80-92%. The data were taken from May 6th, 2014 to June 10th, 2014. Feed mixing was held at Nutrition laboratory, Faculty of Animal Husbandry, University of Brawijaya, Malang. Material used in this research was one hundred and twenty 8-days old broilers of unsex Lohmann strain. The average initial body weight was 125.85 ± 10.49 (g) and the coefficient of variation 8.34%. They were reared until 35 days old. The research method was experiment used 6 treatments with 4 replications. Each replication used five broiler chickens. The treatments were T0: Basal feed (control); TA: Basal feed + 0.05% tetracycline antibiotic; T1: Basal feed + 0.05% noni leaves extract; T2: Basal feed + 0.1% noni leaves extract; T3: Basal feed + 0.15% noni leaves extract; T4: Basal feed + 0.2% noni leaves extract. Data were analyzed using analysis of variance based on Completely Randomized Design (CRD). If significant effect appears it would be continued by Duncan Multiple Range Test. The results showed that the consumption of feed from the highest to the lowest were T2 (2801 ± 62), T0 (2659 ± 65), T1 (2614 ± 63), T3 (2567 ± 108), TA (2498 ± 244), and T4 (2459 ± 111 g/bird) consecutively. Body weight gain from the highest to the lowest during the research were T2 (1455 ± 131), T1 (1370 ± 132), T0 (1323 ± 110), T4 (1303 ± 72), TA (1287 ± 100), and T3 (1262 ± 158 g/bird) consecutively. Feed conversion ratio from the lowest to highest during the research were T4 (1.89 ± 0.16), T1 (1.92 ± 0:15), T2 (1.94 ± 0.19), TA (1.94 ± 0.11), T0 (2.02 ± 0.22), and T3 (2.05 ± 0.16) consecutively. Income Over Feed Cost (IOFC) from the highest to lowest during the research were T1 (9553 ± 2057), T2 (9286 ± 2961), T0 (9022 ± 2233), TA (8026 ± 1018), T4 (7728 ± 1813), and T3 (IDR 6716 ± 2063) consecutively. The results showed that the noni leaves extract (Morinda citrifolia L.) ix supplementation in feed gave significant effect (P<0.05) on feed consumption, but there were no significant effect (P>0.05) on body weight gain, feed convertion ratio, and IOFC. Conclusion of this research was supplementation of 0.1% noni leaves extract (Morinda citrifolia L.) in feed increased feed consumption (2801 ± 62 g/bird), but did not increase body weight gain (1455 ± 131 g/bird), feed conversion ratio (1.94 ± 0.19), and Income Over Feed Cost (IOFC) (IDR 9286 ± 2961). Based on this research suggest to use noni leaves extract (Morinda citrifolia L.) supplementation in feed of 0.1% to increase broiler performances.

Item Type: Thesis (Sarjana)
Identification Number: SKR/FPT/2015/49/ 051502277
Subjects: 600 Technology (Applied sciences) > 636 Animal husbandry
Divisions: Fakultas Peternakan > Peternakan
Depositing User: Kustati
Date Deposited: 27 Mar 2015 10:51
Last Modified: 27 Mar 2015 10:51
URI: http://repository.ub.ac.id/id/eprint/137635
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