Ukuran Tubuh, Bobot Potong Dan Bobot Karkas Sapi Peranakan Limousin Jantan Pada Tingkat Umur Yang Berbeda

Rusyadi, AkhmadFurqon (2015) Ukuran Tubuh, Bobot Potong Dan Bobot Karkas Sapi Peranakan Limousin Jantan Pada Tingkat Umur Yang Berbeda. Sarjana thesis, Universitas Brawijaya.

Abstract

Penelitian ini dilaksanakan di Rumah Potong Hewan (RPH) Gadang, Kota Malang, Jawa Timur. Penelitian dilaksanakan mulai 29 Juni sampai 31 Agustus 2014. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui ukuran tubuh, bobot potong dan bobot karkas dan menduga bobot karkas melalui ukuran tubuh sapi Peranakan Limousin umur yang berbeda. Manfaat penelitian ini adalah sebagai dasar dalam pemilihan sapi berproduksi karkas yang baik berdasarkan pengukuran tubuh. Materi penelitian adalah sapi Peranakan Limousin dari hasil penggemukan skala rakyat yang dipotong di RPH Gadang, Kota Malang dengan jumlah sapi yang digunakan sebanyak 180 ekor dengan rata-rata bobot potong 418,58 ± 41,55 kg dan kisaran umur 2,5-4 tahun (PI 2, 4 dan 6). Metode penelitian yang digunakan yaitu studi kasus dengan pengambilan sampel secara purposive sampling. Data dianalisis menggunakan uji ANOVA satu arah (one way classification) dan korelasi regresi sederhana. Variabel yang diamati adalah ukuran tubuh, bobot potong, dan bobot karkas. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa ukuran tubuh pada tingkat umur yang berbeda memberikan perbedaan sangat nyata (P<0,01) pada bobot karkas. Rata-rata total ukuran tubuh dari masing-masing kelompok umur adalah lingkar dada 185,98 ± 7,61 cm, tinggi badan 134,63 ± 5,59 cm dan panjang badan 150,55 ± 8,19 cm. Rata-rata total bobot karkas dari setiap kelompok umur 230,13 ± 25,54 kg dan persentase karkas 54,95 ± 2,43 %. Bobot potong dengan bobot karkas dari masing-masing kelompok umur memiliki nilai koefisien korelasi 0,94; 0,92 dan 0,96. Lingkar dada adalah yang paling erat hubungannya dengan bobot karkas. Kelompok PI 2, 4 dan 6 masing-masing memiliki nilai koefisien korelasi 0,83; 0,93 dan 0,93. Panjang badan memiliki hubungan dengan bobot karkas masing-masing 0,82; 0,74 dan 0,65. Sedangkan tinggi badan pada masing-masing kelompok memiliki hubungan sebesar 0,74; 0,61 dan 0,66. Hasil Penelitian ini dapat disimpulkan bahwa semakin meningkat umur maka ukuran tubuh, bobot potong, dan bobot karkas semakin meningkat. Lingkar dada merupakan paramete pendugar bobot karkas sapi yang paling akurat pada sapi Peranakan Limousin pada kelompok umur yang berbeda.

Item Type: Thesis (Sarjana)
Identification Number: SKR/FPT/2015/301/051509080
Subjects: 600 Technology (Applied sciences) > 636 Animal husbandry
Divisions: Fakultas Peternakan > Peternakan
Depositing User: Budi Wahyono Wahyono
Date Deposited: 22 Jan 2016 14:52
Last Modified: 20 Oct 2021 03:01
URI: http://repository.ub.ac.id/id/eprint/137583
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