Implementasi Skala Usaha Terhadap Kinerja Finansial Usaha Peternakan Ayam Petelur Di Kecamatan Kepung, Kabupaten Kediri

Sartika (2015) Implementasi Skala Usaha Terhadap Kinerja Finansial Usaha Peternakan Ayam Petelur Di Kecamatan Kepung, Kabupaten Kediri. Sarjana thesis, Universitas Brawijaya.

Abstract

Usaha peternakan memiliki peranan penting dalam pemenuhan gizi terutama untuk mencukupi kebutuhan protein hewani, oleh karenanya perkembangan peternakan perlu diperhatikan. Ayam petelur merupakan salah satu bidang peternakan yang berkontribusi dalam menghasilkan telur yang saat ini terus mengalami perkembangan yang pesat. Peternakan ayam petelur di Kabupaten Kediri adalah salah satunya, dimana Kecamatan Kepung memiliki lokasi yang cukup luas sehingga berpotensi untuk dikembangkan. Rumusan masalah yang diangkat adalah berapa besar biaya produksi dan penerimaan serta besar keuntungan, Revenue Cost Ratio (R/C ratio) dan Break Even Point (BEP) pada usaha peternakan ayam petelur skala I dan skala II. Penelitian dilaksanakan pada bulan Maret 2014, berlokasi di Kecamatan Kepung Kabupaten Kediri selama 1 bulan. Tujuan pelaksanaan penelitian ini untuk menghitung biaya produksi dan penerimaan usaha peternakan ayam petelur pada skala I dan skala II serta mengetahui kelayakan usaha melalui perhitungan keuntungan, Revenue Cost Ratio (R/C ratio) dan tingkat Break Even Point (BEP). Metode yang digunakan adalah survey, pengamatan langsung dan wawancara kepada responden, yaitu peternak ayam petelur di Kecamatan Kepung. Total peternak sebanyak 17 orang yang selanjutnya disebut sebagai responden. Total responden dibagi menjadi 2 skala berdasarkan jumlah kepemilikan ternak. Skala I adalah peternak dengan jumlah kepemilikan ayam 2.000 – 29.250 ekor dan skala II 29.251 – 60.000 ekor. Berdasarkan pembagian tersebut diperoleh 13 peternak pada skala I dan 4 peternak pada skala II. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa usaha peternakan pada skala II lebih efisien dan menguntungkan dibandingkan usaha peternakan pada skala II, hal tersebut berdasarkan indikator penilaian kinerja finansial yang terdiri atas: modal yang lebih kecil yaitu Rp 227.064/kg, skala I sebesar Rp 244.249/kg; biaya produksi yang lebih efisien yaitu sebesar Rp 185.796/kg lebih rendah dibandingkan biaya produksi skala I sebesar Rp 192.570/kg; penerimaan yang lebih tinggi yaitu sebesar Rp 220.202/kg, sedangkan skala I memperoleh Rp 210.669/kg; keuntungan yang lebih besar yaitu sebesar Rp 24.870/kg, sedangkan skala I memperoleh Rp 22.386/kg, nilai R/C ratio yang lebih tinggi yaitu 1,15 sedangkan skala I sebesar 1,14; nilai BEP yang lebih rendah, yaitu sebesar Rp 12.393, sedangkan skala I sebesar Rp 12.760.

English Abstract

The study was held at Kepung Subdistrict, Kediri Regency on March until April of 2014. The purpose of this study were to determine the capital, the cost of production, revenue per year and to evaluate feasibility based on Revenue Cost Ratio (R/C ratio) and the degree of Break Even Point (BEP) at laying farmers in Sub district Kepung, Kediri. Methods used survey and direct interview for 17 layer farmers which chosen by total sampling method. 17 laying farmers were divided into 2 scales, scale I (owned 2,000 – 29,000 layers, n=13) and scale II (owned 29,001 – 60,000 layers, n=4). Primary data were collected by interview and direct information from laying farmers which analyzed used economic equation. Secondary data were obtained from linked institutes and other sources. Results showed that laying farmers at scale II was more profitable than scale I. It was based on financial performance indicators namely more lower capital: IDR 227,064/kg vs IDR 244,249/kg; more efficiency of cost production: IDR 185,796/kg vs IDR 192,570/kg; more higher of total revenue: IDR 220,202/kg vs IDR 210,669/kg; more higher of net profit: IDR 24,870/kg vs IDR 22,386/kg; more higher of R/C ratio:1.15 vs 1.14; more lower of BEP: IDR 12,393 vs IDR 12,760, at scale II and scale I, respectively.

Item Type: Thesis (Sarjana)
Identification Number: SKR/FPT/2015/27/051501607
Subjects: 600 Technology (Applied sciences) > 636 Animal husbandry
Divisions: Fakultas Peternakan > Peternakan
Depositing User: Budi Wahyono Wahyono
Date Deposited: 24 Feb 2015 10:55
Last Modified: 20 Oct 2021 02:04
URI: http://repository.ub.ac.id/id/eprint/137547
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