Evaluasi Performans Pertumbuhan Sapi Hasil Persilangan Pejantan American Brahman Dan Brahman BBIB Singosari dengan Betina Peranakan Ongole (PO)

RezaAstikaHerrindra (2010) Evaluasi Performans Pertumbuhan Sapi Hasil Persilangan Pejantan American Brahman Dan Brahman BBIB Singosari dengan Betina Peranakan Ongole (PO). Sarjana thesis, Universitas Brawijaya.

Abstract

Penelitian ini dilaksanakan di Unit Peternakan Aliansi (UPA) Kabupaten Pasuruan mulai bulan Juni sampai Desember 2008. Tujuan penelitian ini adalah mengetahui untuk mempelajari performans pertumbuhan hasil silangan pejantan dari American Brahman dan Brahman BBIB Singosari dengan betina sapi Peranakan Ongole yang meliputi bobot lahir, bobot sapih, bobot satu tahun dan pertambahan bobot badan harian pra sapih dan pasca sapih di Unit Peternakan Aliansi (UPA) Kabupaten Pasuruan. Materi yang digunakan dalam penelitian ini adalah sapi hasil persilangan (F1) antara pejantan sapi American Brahman dengan betina sapi Peranakan Ongole (PO) sebanyak 30 ekor dan sapi pejantan Brahman BBIB Singosari dengan betina Peranakan Ongole (PO) sebanyak 30 ekor. Metode penelitian ini adalah studi kasus dan melalui kolekting data didapatkan dengan cara observasi secara langsung, Observasi dilakukan dengan mengukur bobot badan tiap bulan, dari bobot lahir, bobot sapih sampai bobot satu tahun dan pertambahan pra sapih dan pasca sapih. Data dianalisis dengan uji-t berpasangan untuk membedakan kedua sapi hasil silangan. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa bobot lahir pedet sapi American Brahman lebih tinggi dari pada pedet persilangan Brahman BBIB Singosari, bobot lahir kedua pedet silangan menunjukkan perbedaan yang sangat nyata (P<0,01), Bobot sapih, bobot satu tahun dan Pertambahan Bobot Badan Harian (PBBH) pasca sapih menunjukkan perbedaan yang sangat nyata (P<0,01). Rata-rata bobot lahir, bobot sapih, bobot satu tahun dan pertambahan bobot badan harian pasca sapih American Brahman yaitu (31.18 ± 4.09kg), (135.18 ± 41.15kg), (160.32 ± 46.22kg) dan (0.16 ± 0.07kg/hari) sedangkan rata-rata bobot lahir, bobot sapih, bobot satu tahun dan pertambahan bobot badan harian pasca sapih Brahman BBIB Singosari adalah (26.63 ± 2.51kg), (178.57 ± 27.84kg), (209.57 ± 30.60kg) dan (0.19 ± 0.04kg/hari). Hasil penelitian dapat disimpulkan bahwa sapi hasil silangan American Brahman memiliki bobot lahir lebih tinggi namun bobot sapih, bobot satu tahun dan pertambahan bobot badan harian (PBBH) lebih rendah dari pada sapi hasil silangan Brahman BBIB Singosari. Untuk mendapatkan performans pertumbuhan yang optimal disarankan menggunakan Brahman BBIB Singosari sebagai pejantan dalam melakukan persilangan, karena lebih adaptif. Faktor manajemen pasca sapih perlu diperhatikan dalam hal penempatan sapi berdasarkan jenis kelamin dan umur.

English Abstract

The study was carried out at Unit Peternakan Aliansi (UPA), Pasuruan from June to December 2008. The purpose of the research was to examine cross breed calves performance of American Brahman bull and local bull with PO heifer which include birth weight, adjusted weaning weight 205 days, adjusted yearling weight 365 days and pre weaning and post weaning daily gain in UPA.Materials used in this research were cross breed calves (F1) of American Brahman bull with 30 PO heifer, and cross breed calves (F1) of BBIB Singosari Brahman bull with 30 PO heifer.The research method was case study with direct observation. The observation was conducted by weighing the calves every month since they were birth up to one year. The data was analyzed with using T-tes to compare the difference both of cross breed calves. The result showed that birth weight of American Brahman calves were higher than BBIB Brahman calves, birth weight of both calves showed very significant difference (p<0.01), weaning weight, yearling weight and post weaning daily gain also showed very significant difference. Average birth weight, weaning weight, yearling weight and post weaning daily gain of American Brahman calves were (31.18 ± 4.09 kg), (135.18 ± 41.15 kg), (160.32 ± 46.22 kg and (0.16 ± 0.07 kg/day). While, average birth weight, weaning weight, yearling weight and post weaning daily gain of BBIB Singosari Brahman calves were (26.63 ± 2.51 kg), (178.57 ± 27.84kg), (209.57 ± 30.60kg) dan (0.19 ± 0.04kg/day). It can be concluded that American Brahman calves have higher birth weight but lower in weaning weight and yearling weight than BBIB Singosari Brahman calves. It is suggested to use BBIB Singosari Brahman bull as male in cross breeding.

Item Type: Thesis (Sarjana)
Identification Number: SKR/FPT/2010/12/051000272
Subjects: 600 Technology (Applied sciences) > 636 Animal husbandry
Divisions: Fakultas Peternakan > Peternakan
Depositing User: Unnamed user with email heriprayitno@ub.ac.id
Date Deposited: 02 Mar 2010 09:40
Last Modified: 20 Oct 2021 14:37
URI: http://repository.ub.ac.id/id/eprint/136523
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