Analisa Glukosa Darah Ikan Nila (Oreochromis niloticus) Yang Ditemukan Di Sungai Surabaya, Sungai Kalimas Dan Ranu Klakah Lumajang Jawa Timur

Syafii, Imam (2015) Analisa Glukosa Darah Ikan Nila (Oreochromis niloticus) Yang Ditemukan Di Sungai Surabaya, Sungai Kalimas Dan Ranu Klakah Lumajang Jawa Timur. Sarjana thesis, Universitas Brawijaya.

Abstract

Ikan nila merupakan ikan tropis yang menyukai perairan yang dangkal. Habitat asli ikan ini adalah Sungai Nil dan daerah perairan sekitarnya, tetapi juga hidup diperairan air tawar hampir di seluruh indonesia. Ikan Nila masuk ke Indonesia yang pertama kali didatangkan dari taiwan ke Bogor (Balai Perikanan Air Tawar) pada tahun (1969) (Susanto, 2010). Menurut Juliahasni (2008), bahwa Ikan Nila memiliki sifat biologi yang menguntungkan antara lain mudah berkembangbiak, pertumbuhannya cepat, termasuk omnivora, daya adaptasinya luas dan toleransinya tinggi terhadap berbagai kondisi lingkungan sehingga ikan Nila mempunyai keunggulan daripada ikan yang lain dengan memiliki karakteristik tersebut. Ikan Nila juga direkomendasikan oleh EPA (Environmental Protection Agency) yang termasuk salah satu jenis hewan uji karena memenuhi persyaratan sebagaimana penjelasan sebelumnya. Salah satu cara untuk melihat status kesehatan ikan dan kondisi lingkungan yang kurang baik atau tercemar yaitu dengan melihat status Glukosa darah dari hewan uji dan khususnya pada ikan Nila pada penelitian ini. Tujuan dari penelitian ini adalah: Untuk mengetahui nilai Glukosa Darah ikan Nila yang ditemukan di Sungai surabaya, Sungai Kalimas dan Ranu Klakah. Metode yang digunakan adalah deskriptif, yaitu penelitian yang dimaksudkan untuk mengumpulkan informasi mengenai status suatu gejala yang ada di alam menurut apa adanya dengan cara melakukan analisa laboratorium pada saat penelitian dilaksanakan sedangkan Analisa datanya menggunakan Analisa Non Parametrik dengan menggunakan Uji Kruskal Wallis. Pengambilan sampel Ikan dilakukan di Ranu Klakah Lumajang,sungai Surabaya dan sungai Kalimas masing – masing lokasi diambil 3 ekor sampel ikannya. Identifikasi Glukosa darah dilakukan di laboratorium Patologi Klinik FK UB dan pengujian kualitas air dilakukan di laboratorium Animal Health Service (AHS) PT. Central Proteinaprima tbk. Dupak rukun Hasil Glukosa Darah Ikan Nila yang diambil dari Ranu Klakah Lumajang pada ikan 1= 72 mg/dL, ikan 2 = 85 mg/dL ikan 3 = 90 mg/dL, ikan yang diambil dari sungai Surabaya dan sungai Mas masing – masing jumlah Glukosa Darah adalah sebagai berikut pada ikan 1 yang ditemukan di sungai Surabaya = 182 mg/dL, ikan 2 = 168 mg/dL, ikan 3 = 164 mg/dL, Dan jumlah Glukosa yang ditemukan di sungai Mas pada ikan 1 = 162 mg/dL, ikan 2 = 154 mg/dL dan ikan 3 = 149 mg/dL. Sedangkan hasil Analisis kualitas air diketahui di Ranu Klakah Lumajang, sungai Surabaya dan sungai Kalimas masih berada dalam kisaran hidup ikan tiap-tiap sungai tersebut yaitu DO 3,5 – 5 mg/L; pH 7-8; suhu 31,1-32,5; TSS 16,8 – 213,7 mg/L; COD 14,6 - 22,48 mg/L; Hasil perhitungan Glukosa Darah dengan menggunakan Uji Kruskal Wallis didapatkan nilai (h > 5,600) yang artinya terdapat perbedaan yang sangat nyata antara hasil jumlah Glukosa Darah yang ditemukan Ranu Klakah Lumajang, Sungai Surabaya dan Sungai Kalimas dengan selang kepercayaan 95%. Kesimpulan dari penelitian ini adalah bahwa kondisi kesehatan ikan yang diambil dari Ranu Klakah bisa dikatakan masih dalam kondisi baik dan sehat sedangkan ikan yang ditemukan Sungai Surabaya, Sungai Kalimas kondisinya buruk atau bisa dikatakan dalam kondisi sakit karena dari hasil penelitian yang dilihat dari jumlah Glukosa Darah. Sedangkan nilai Tertinggi Glukosa Darah ii Sungai Surabaya dengan besar rerata 171,33 mg/dL sedangkan nilai Glukosa Darah terendah terdapat pada Ranu Klakah dengan rerata 82,33 mg/dL . Hal ini karena kondisi lingkungan didaerah Sungai Surabaya dan Sungai Kalimas masukan bahan kimianya lebih besar dan bermacam –macam. Perlu adanya penelitian yang lebih lanjut tentang Glukosa Darah dengan statsiun yang lebih banyak supaya bisa memetakan kondisi lingkungan yang layak dan kurang kurang layak.

Item Type: Thesis (Sarjana)
Identification Number: SKR/FPR/2015/559/051506124
Subjects: 300 Social sciences > 333 Economics of land and energy > 333.9 Other natural resources > 333.91 Water and lands adjoining bodies of water
Divisions: Fakultas Perikanan dan Ilmu Kelautan > Manajemen Sumberdaya Perairan
Depositing User: Endang Susworini
Date Deposited: 02 Sep 2015 12:58
Last Modified: 20 Oct 2021 11:20
URI: http://repository.ub.ac.id/id/eprint/134433
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