Pengaruh Penggunaan Alat Bantu Konseling “TBCare (Paru)” terhadap Tingkat Pengetahuan Pasien Tuberkulosis di Puskesmas Kota Malang.

Desyana, MadeShandraDwi (2016) Pengaruh Penggunaan Alat Bantu Konseling “TBCare (Paru)” terhadap Tingkat Pengetahuan Pasien Tuberkulosis di Puskesmas Kota Malang. Sarjana thesis, Universitas Brawijaya.

Abstract

Pengobatan Tuberkulosis terdiri dari fase awal dan fase lanjutan. Kepatuhan pasien dalam mengkonsumsi obat berperan penting untuk keberhasilan terapi karena pengobatan ini membutuhkan jangka waktu yang panjang. Akibat dari rendahnya pengetahuan pasien mengenai penyakit dan pengobatan tuberkulosis sehingga sering terjadi kegagalan terapi karena pengetahuan pasien dapat mempengaruhi kepatuhan tersebut. Pemberian konseling oleh konselor dengan menggunakan alat bantu konseling “TBCare (Paru)” berupa aplikasi komputer yang dilengkapi gambar dan informasi mengenai penyakit dan pengobatan tuberkulosis bertujuan untuk dapat memberikan pengaruh terhadap tingkat pengetahuan pasien tuberkulosis di Kota Malang mengenai penyakit dan pengobatan tuberkulosis. Jumlah sampel pada penelitian ini yaitu sebanyak 60 sampel yang merupakan pasien TB paru kategori 1. Penelitian ini merupakan penelitian pre-eksperimental berjenis pretest posttest design degan rancangan penelitian cross sectional. Penarikan sampel puskesmas dilakukan secara non random sampling yaitu teknik purposive sampling, sementara penarikan sampel pasien tuberkulosis dilakukan secara random sampling namun tetap sesuai kriteria inklusi dan eksklusi yang ditetapkan peneliti. Hasil penelitian dilihat dari skor kuesioner sebelum dan sesudah dilakukan konseling dengan alat bantu konseling terdapat perubahan tingkat pengetahuan pasien mengenai penyakit dan pengobatan tuberkulosis. Hasil penelitian dengan analisis uji paired t-test menghasilkan nilai yang signifikan (p<0,001) mengenai pengetahuan pasien tentang penyakit dan pengobatannya, sehingga menunjukkan bahwa terdapat perbedaan skor pengetahuan sebelum dan sesudah dilakukan konseling dengan alat bantu konseling. Kesimpulan dari penelitian ini adalah penggunaan alat bantu konseling memberikan pengaruh positif terhadap tingkat pengetahuan pasien dan terdapat perubahan tingkat pengetahuan pasien setelah dilakukan konseling dengan menggunakan alat bantu konseling.

English Abstract

Tuberculosis treatment consist of the initial phase and the continuation phase. Patient compliance in taking medication has an important role for the success of the therapy because of long period of treatment. The frequent failure of therapy is the result of lack of patient knowledge about the disease and treatment of tuberculosis , therefore affecting patient’s compliance. Counseling by counselors using "TBCare (Paru)" tools in the form of computer applications that include pictures and information about the disease and treatment of tuberculosis aimed to increase the knowledge level of tuberculosis patients in Malang about the diseases and treatment of tuberculosis. The number of subjects in this study were 60 patients with the first category pulmonary TB. This study is a pre-experimental study with cross sectional pretest posttest design. The Primary Health Cares (PHC) were chosen with purposive sampling methods, while the tuberculosis patients was were chosen with random sampling with appropriate inclusion and exclusion criteria. The result of the study showed that there were changes in the patients’ knowledge level about the disease and treatment of tuberculosis, before and after the counseling with “TBCare (Paru)”. The result of paired t-test analysis gave the significant value (p<0,001) regarding patient’s knowledge about the disease and treatment, suggesting that there are differences in knowledge scores before and after counseling with assistive counseling tools. The conclusion of this study show that the use of assistive counseling tools gives positive effect on the patients’ knowledge level and there are changes in the patients’ knowledge level after counseling by using assistive counseling tools.

Item Type: Thesis (Sarjana)
Identification Number: SKR/FK/2016/758/051700322
Subjects: 600 Technology (Applied sciences) > 615 Pharmacology and therapeutics > 615.1 Drugs (materia medica)
Divisions: Fakultas Kedokteran > Farmasi
Depositing User: Sugiantoro
Date Deposited: 13 Feb 2017 10:45
Last Modified: 19 Oct 2021 03:44
URI: http://repository.ub.ac.id/id/eprint/126468
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