Pengaruh Keputusan Petani Dalam Memilih Benih Padi Terhadap Pendapatan Usahatani (Kasus : Desa Cipurut, Kecamatan Cireunghas, Kabupaten Sukabumi)

Soedjatmiko, Erwindra Pratama (2018) Pengaruh Keputusan Petani Dalam Memilih Benih Padi Terhadap Pendapatan Usahatani (Kasus : Desa Cipurut, Kecamatan Cireunghas, Kabupaten Sukabumi). Sarjana thesis, Universitas Brawijaya.

Abstract

Selama tiga tahun terakhir perolehan produksi padi provinsi Jawa Barat belum dapat mengungguli Provinsi Jawa Timur. Padahal pada tahun 2005 dan 2013 provinsi Jawa Barat pernah tercatat menjadi lumbung padi terbesar di Indonesia sekaligus mampu mengungguli produksi padi provinsi Jawa Timur dengan kontribusi gabah kering giling (GKG) sebesar 20% dan 16,33% (RKPD Provinsi Jawa Barat, 2015). Rendahnya produksi padi di Jawa Barat sangat dipengaruhi oleh berbagai macam faktor, salah satunya adalah rendahnya adopsi varietas unggul baru dalam usahatani padi. Varietas unggul baru disarankan oleh pemerintah daerah karena selain berproduksi tinggi juga tahan serangan hama dan penyakit. Upaya pemerintah daerah dalam meningkatkan penggunaan varietas unggul baru masih terdapat kendala. Desa Cipurut sebagai contohnya, dikarenakan ratarata VUB bantuan pemerintah tidak mampu beradaptasi dengan cekaman lingkungan didaerah tersebut sehingga banyak petani yang merugi. Petani menjadi enggan untuk menggunakan varietas unggul baru bantuan dari pemerintah daerah dan kembali menggunakan varietas unggul lama seperti Ciherang. Berdasarkan uraian diatas, permasalahan dalam penelitian ini dirumuskan sebagai berikut

English Abstract

During the last three years the acquisition of rice production in West Java province has not been able to surpass East Java Province. Whereas in 2005 and 2013, West Java province has been recorded as the largest rice granary in Indonesia as well as able to outperform East Java Province rice production with dry grain contribution of 20% and 16.33% (Local Government Work Plan West Java Province, 2015). The low production of rice in West Java is strongly influenced by various factors, one of which is the low adoption of latest high-yield varieties in rice farming. The use of latest high-yield varieties are recommended by the local government because has higher productivity and resistant to pest and disease. The efforts of local governments in increasing the use of new varieties still has obstacles. Cipurut Village as an example, because of the latest high-yield varieties was given by government is not able to adapt to environmental stress in the research area so that many farmers are loss. Farmers become reluctant to use high-yield varieties of local government assistance and re-use old high-yield varieties such as Ciherang. Based on the description above, the problems in this research are formulated as follows "How Far Farmers Decision in Choosing Rice Seed Affects Rice Farming Income". This research aims to (1) describes the farmers decision in choosing rice seed in research area, (2) analyze factors influencing farmers decision in choosing seed for rice farming in research area, (3) compare the rice farming income level using high-yield seed with those using local seed in research area, and (4) analyze the influence of farmers decision on rice farming income level in research area. The location of the research was chosen purposively in Cipurut Village, Cireunghas Subdistrict, Sukabumi Regency, based on several considerations in accordance with the following objectives of Cipurut Village is the granary states in Cireunghas Subdistrict, Sukabumi Regency, and has very potential because it has ranked 7th in West Java Province. This research was conducted in February- March 2017. The technique of determining sample in this research using proportionate stratified random sampling based on strata of land area. Distribution of strata of land area is done by differentiating into 3 strata. Based on the results of the sample calculation, the population size of 497 people has required a minimum sample size of 45 farmers which is in this research taken 56 farmers. The analytical method used is (1) logistic regression analysis (2) Describes the farmers income level by comparing the average income of the use of high yielding rice farming with the use of local varieties using independent sample ttest; (3) multiple linear regression analysis. vii The results showed that (1) Most of the farmers in the research area (59%) chose local varieties of rice seed because according to the local varieties user were more resistant to pest and diseases than the high-yield varieties; (2) Variables of production per hectare in previous seasons, the price of grain in the previous season, and the participation of field schools have a positive effect on the farmers decision in choosing rice seed; (3) In the research area, the average of farmers income per hectare using high-yield varieties is not different than those using local varieties. This is due to the presence of heavier pest and disease attacks on high yielding varieties when the research is done; and (4) In the research area, the farmers decision to choose rice seed does not affect the farmers income level per hectare, because at the time of the research happened pest attack causing decrease of rice production. Based on the results of the research, it suggested that the efforts to increase farm income per hectare can be achieved with the use of high-yield varieties which are resistant to pests and diseases as recommended by local agricultural extension workers. Further related research to variables that can not be inferred influence on the farmers decision in choose seed and rice farming income level, need to be done.

Item Type: Thesis (Sarjana)
Identification Number: SKR/FP/2018/228/051803548
Uncontrolled Keywords: Benih Padi Pendapatan
Subjects: 600 Technology (Applied sciences) > 631 Specific techniques; apparatus, equipment materials > 631.5 Cultivation and harvesting > 631.52 Production of seeds, bulbs, tubers, new varieties > 631.521 Seeds
Divisions: Fakultas Pertanian > Agribisnis
Depositing User: Nur Cholis
Date Deposited: 03 Oct 2018 02:12
Last Modified: 20 Oct 2021 09:05
URI: http://repository.ub.ac.id/id/eprint/12237
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