Eksplorasi Dan Identifikasi Mikoriza Arbuskular Dari Berbagai Tanaman Semusim Di Bawah Tegakan Pinus Di Lahan Ub Forest

Sihombing, Asmita (2018) Eksplorasi Dan Identifikasi Mikoriza Arbuskular Dari Berbagai Tanaman Semusim Di Bawah Tegakan Pinus Di Lahan Ub Forest. Sarjana thesis, Universitas Brawijaya.

Abstract

Agroforestri merupakan suatu sistem pengelolaan tanaman hutan yang dikombinasikan dengan tanaman semusim atau disebut juga sistem wanatani. Agroforestri utamanya diharapkan dapat membantu mengoptimalkan hasil suatu bentuk penggunaan lahan secara berkelanjutan guna menjamin dan memperbaiki kebutuhan hidup masyarakat. Sistem berkelanjutan ini dicirikan antara lain oleh tidak adanya penurunan produksi tanaman dari waktu ke waktu dan tidak adanya pencemaran lingkungan. UB Forest yang berada di Desa Tawang Argo Kecamatan Karangploso merupakan salah satu contoh agroforestri yang mampu memainkan peran penting dalam pelestarian sumberdaya hutan. Suatu tanaman biasanya akan tumbuh dengan baik apabila terdapat mikroba tanah, salah satunya adalah mikoriza. Penelitian mengenai mikoriza pada berbagai akar pohon masih kurang diteliti, padahal mikoriza sangat berpotensi sebagai pupuk hayati yang berperan penting dalam membantu penyerapan hara untuk meningkatkan pertumbuhan tanaman. Penelitian ini dilakukan untuk mengidentifikasi perbedaan jenis, jumlah spora,dan kolonisasi akar MA pada berbagai jenis tanaman semusim dibawah tegakan pinus serta mengetahui hubungan antara konsentrasi P akar dan pH tanah dengan keberadaan mikoriza di lahan UB Forest. Penelitian ini dilaksanakan pada bulan April hingga September 2017 di UB Forest dusun Sumbersari dan Sumberwangi Kecamatan Karang Ploso, Malang, Jawa Timur. Pengambilan contoh tanah dilakukan di lima tutupan lahan (Plot) yaitu : (1) Kawasan Lindung (KL); (2) Pinus+Kubis (PK); (3) Pinus+Talas(PT); (4) Pinus+Wortel (PW); (5) Pinus+Cabai (PC). Setiap tutupan lahan dibuat plot pewakil berukuran (20x20 m) dan memiliki 3 ulangan sehingga terdapat 15 plot penelitian. Masing-masing plot diambil sampel tanah dengan kedalaman 0-20 cm. Sampel tanah dan akar di analisis di Laboratorium Biologi Tanah dan Laboratorium Hama dan Penyakit Tanaman Fakultas Pertanian Universitas Brawijaya. Analisis data dilakukan dengan menggunakan software Genstat dan diuji lanjut dengan BNT taraf 5%. Untuk mengetahui hubungan kedua variabel dilakukan uji korelasi dan regresi dengan menggunakan software Ms.Excel 2016. Mikoriza yang ditemukan meliputi Genus Glomus sp., Accaulospora sp., dan Gigaspora sp. Total spora mikoriza terbanyak terdapat pada tutupan lahan Kawasan Lindung (KL) yaitu 281,56 spora/100 g tanah dan terendah pada Pinus+cabai 27,67 spora /100 g tanah. Faktor kimia tanah yaitu konsentrasi P akar tanaman dan pH juga mempengaruhi keberadaan MA.

English Abstract

Agroforestry is a system combining trees and agricultural plants (e.g annual and parennial) or called ‘wanatani’. In addition, the yield from agroforestry sytem is continuously and therefore these system can guarantee the sustainability of farmer income. Sustainable system indicated by stable crops and healthy environment. UB Forest which is located in Tawang Argo village, Karang Ploso district is one of agroforestry area. A plant usually can growth well when there is microbe, such as mycorrhiza. To our knowledge the research about mycorrhiza in agroforestry system and it’s relation with soil parameter is limited. Therefore, the study aimed to identify differences of arbuscular mycorrhiza in different crops under pine tree and also to know the relationship of P root concentration and soil pH with mycorrhiza in UB Forest. This research was conducted from April untill September 2017 in UB Forest KarangPloso district, Malang, East Java. Soil sample was collected in five landuses (Plot) such as : (1) Protection Area (PA); (2) Pine+Cabbage(PC); (3) Pine+Taro (PT); (4) Pine+Carrot (PC); (5) Pine+Chili (PC). Each landuse was made representative plot (20 m x 20 m) with 3 replication so that there are 15 plots. Soil and root samples were analyzed in soil biology laboratory and Pest and Disease Laboratory, agriculture Faculty, University of Brawijaya. The statistical analysis consist of ANOVA and LSD (Least Significant Different) at significant variance of 5%. To analyze the relationship and the influence of soil pH and mycorhiza was conducted by correlation and regression test. Mychorriza which were found in UB Forest dominated by Genus Glomus sp., while the other genus which was found in the plot consist of Accaulospora sp. and Gigaspora sp. The most of mychorrhiza spores were found in protection area (281,56 spores/ 100 g soil) whereas the lowest of total spores in Pine+Chili was found (27,67 spores/ 100 g soil). Total mycorrhiza spores did not significant relationship with P concentration in the root and soil pH.

Item Type: Thesis (Sarjana)
Identification Number: SKR/FP/2018/63/051802149
Uncontrolled Keywords: -
Subjects: 600 Technology (Applied sciences) > 631 Specific techniques; apparatus, equipment materials > 631.4 Soil science > 631.47 Soil and land-use surveys
Divisions: Fakultas Pertanian > Ilmu Tanah
Depositing User: Nur Cholis
Date Deposited: 07 Jun 2018 03:08
Last Modified: 20 Oct 2021 02:15
URI: http://repository.ub.ac.id/id/eprint/11494
[thumbnail of C. BAB II.pdf] Text
C. BAB II.pdf

Download (355kB)
[thumbnail of D. BAB III.pdf] Text
D. BAB III.pdf

Download (353kB)
[thumbnail of E. BAB IV.pdf] Text
E. BAB IV.pdf

Download (296kB)
[thumbnail of F. BAB V.pdf] Text
F. BAB V.pdf

Download (6kB)
[thumbnail of G. DAFTAR PUSTAKA.pdf] Text
G. DAFTAR PUSTAKA.pdf

Download (101kB)
[thumbnail of H. LAMPIRAN.pdf] Text
H. LAMPIRAN.pdf

Download (1MB)
[thumbnail of A. BAGIAN DEPAN SKRIPSI.pdf] Text
A. BAGIAN DEPAN SKRIPSI.pdf

Download (313kB)
[thumbnail of B. BAB I.pdf] Text
B. BAB I.pdf

Download (198kB)
[thumbnail of Thumbnails conversion from text to thumbnail_lightbox] Other (Thumbnails conversion from text to thumbnail_lightbox)
lightbox.jpg

Download (10kB)
[thumbnail of Thumbnails conversion from text to thumbnail_preview] Other (Thumbnails conversion from text to thumbnail_preview)
preview.jpg

Download (4kB)
[thumbnail of Thumbnails conversion from text to thumbnail_medium] Other (Thumbnails conversion from text to thumbnail_medium)
medium.jpg

Download (4kB)
[thumbnail of Thumbnails conversion from text to thumbnail_small] Other (Thumbnails conversion from text to thumbnail_small)
small.jpg

Download (812B)
[thumbnail of Thumbnails conversion from text to thumbnail_lightbox] Other (Thumbnails conversion from text to thumbnail_lightbox)
lightbox.jpg

Download (9kB)
[thumbnail of Thumbnails conversion from text to thumbnail_preview] Other (Thumbnails conversion from text to thumbnail_preview)
preview.jpg

Download (4kB)
[thumbnail of Thumbnails conversion from text to thumbnail_medium] Other (Thumbnails conversion from text to thumbnail_medium)
medium.jpg

Download (2kB)
[thumbnail of Thumbnails conversion from text to thumbnail_small] Other (Thumbnails conversion from text to thumbnail_small)
small.jpg

Download (1kB)
[thumbnail of Thumbnails conversion from text to thumbnail_lightbox] Other (Thumbnails conversion from text to thumbnail_lightbox)
lightbox.jpg

Download (32kB)
[thumbnail of Thumbnails conversion from text to thumbnail_preview] Other (Thumbnails conversion from text to thumbnail_preview)
preview.jpg

Download (11kB)
[thumbnail of Thumbnails conversion from text to thumbnail_medium] Other (Thumbnails conversion from text to thumbnail_medium)
medium.jpg

Download (4kB)
[thumbnail of Thumbnails conversion from text to thumbnail_small] Other (Thumbnails conversion from text to thumbnail_small)
small.jpg

Download (1kB)
[thumbnail of Thumbnails conversion from text to thumbnail_lightbox] Other (Thumbnails conversion from text to thumbnail_lightbox)
lightbox.jpg

Download (29kB)
[thumbnail of Thumbnails conversion from text to thumbnail_preview] Other (Thumbnails conversion from text to thumbnail_preview)
preview.jpg

Download (11kB)
[thumbnail of Thumbnails conversion from text to thumbnail_medium] Other (Thumbnails conversion from text to thumbnail_medium)
medium.jpg

Download (4kB)
[thumbnail of Thumbnails conversion from text to thumbnail_small] Other (Thumbnails conversion from text to thumbnail_small)
small.jpg

Download (1kB)
[thumbnail of Thumbnails conversion from text to thumbnail_lightbox] Other (Thumbnails conversion from text to thumbnail_lightbox)
lightbox.jpg

Download (35kB)
[thumbnail of Thumbnails conversion from text to thumbnail_preview] Other (Thumbnails conversion from text to thumbnail_preview)
preview.jpg

Download (13kB)
[thumbnail of Thumbnails conversion from text to thumbnail_medium] Other (Thumbnails conversion from text to thumbnail_medium)
medium.jpg

Download (4kB)
[thumbnail of Thumbnails conversion from text to thumbnail_small] Other (Thumbnails conversion from text to thumbnail_small)
small.jpg

Download (1kB)
[thumbnail of Thumbnails conversion from text to thumbnail_lightbox] Other (Thumbnails conversion from text to thumbnail_lightbox)
lightbox.jpg

Download (32kB)
[thumbnail of Thumbnails conversion from text to thumbnail_preview] Other (Thumbnails conversion from text to thumbnail_preview)
preview.jpg

Download (12kB)
[thumbnail of Thumbnails conversion from text to thumbnail_medium] Other (Thumbnails conversion from text to thumbnail_medium)
medium.jpg

Download (4kB)
[thumbnail of Thumbnails conversion from text to thumbnail_small] Other (Thumbnails conversion from text to thumbnail_small)
small.jpg

Download (1kB)
[thumbnail of Thumbnails conversion from text to thumbnail_lightbox] Other (Thumbnails conversion from text to thumbnail_lightbox)
lightbox.jpg

Download (13kB)
[thumbnail of Thumbnails conversion from text to thumbnail_preview] Other (Thumbnails conversion from text to thumbnail_preview)
preview.jpg

Download (5kB)
[thumbnail of Thumbnails conversion from text to thumbnail_medium] Other (Thumbnails conversion from text to thumbnail_medium)
medium.jpg

Download (7kB)
[thumbnail of Thumbnails conversion from text to thumbnail_small] Other (Thumbnails conversion from text to thumbnail_small)
small.jpg

Download (861B)
[thumbnail of Thumbnails conversion from text to thumbnail_lightbox] Other (Thumbnails conversion from text to thumbnail_lightbox)
lightbox.jpg

Download (35kB)
[thumbnail of Thumbnails conversion from text to thumbnail_preview] Other (Thumbnails conversion from text to thumbnail_preview)
preview.jpg

Download (12kB)
[thumbnail of Thumbnails conversion from text to thumbnail_medium] Other (Thumbnails conversion from text to thumbnail_medium)
medium.jpg

Download (5kB)
[thumbnail of Thumbnails conversion from text to thumbnail_small] Other (Thumbnails conversion from text to thumbnail_small)
small.jpg

Download (1kB)

Actions (login required)

View Item View Item