Effect Of Supplementation Of Either Powdered Or Encapsulated Probiotic On Small Intestinal Morphometric Of Local Duck

Ardiansah, Ilham (2018) Effect Of Supplementation Of Either Powdered Or Encapsulated Probiotic On Small Intestinal Morphometric Of Local Duck. Sarjana thesis, Universitas Brawijaya.

Abstract

Nowadays, application of misuse AGP for poultry have impacted to residue and resistance bacteria on product of animal livestock and their derivate product. Food safety of livestock products are the success key of sustainable livestock production system. Using either powdered or encapsulated probiotic to be promoted as natural materials for alternative to AGP is important to be considered. It is possible to minimize the use of AGP by promoting probiotic to improve quality product of local duck. This research aimed to observe the effect of supplementation of probiotic (form and levels) in either powdered or encapsulated form on small intestinal moprhometric of local duck. This research was conducted for 2 months, started from March-April, 2017 at Sumbersekar Field Laboratory, Dau Sub-district, Malang, East Java. Materials which were used in this research were 120 male local day old ducks (DOD), with the coefficient of variation of 6,15%. The local ducks were iv distributed into 2 main treatments, either powdered (T1) and encapsulated probiotic (T2) group. The sub-treatments consisted of 3 levels of probiotic: 0% (L0), 0.2% (L1), 0.4% (L2) with 5 replications and 4 bird each. The treatments were as followed: T1L0 : basal feed + 0% powdered probiotic; T1L1 : basal feed + 0.2% powdered probiotic; T1L2 : basal feed + 0.4% powdered probiotic; T2L0 : basal feed + 0% encapsulated probiotic; T2L1 : basal feed + 0.2% encapsulated probiotic; T2L2 : basal feed + 0.4% encapsulated probiotic. Data were analyzed by Analysis of Variance (Anova) Nested of Completely Randomized Design (CRD). If significant effect appeared then tested by Duncan/s Multiple Range Test (DMRT). The result showed that there was no significant effect (p>0,05) within the main treatment on villus height, villus width and crypt depth, but there was significant effect (p<0.05) within the sub-treaments (levels) on villus height and villus width. The result of the main treatment showed that from lowest to highest of villus height (μm) were T1 (497.33±31.7) and T2 (514.52±19.2); villus width (μm) were T1 (119.41±4.1) and T2 (122.11±5.8); crypt depth (μm) were T1 (74.72±5.4) and T2 (76.30±3.2). Then, the sub treatment from lowest to highest of villus height, villus width and crypt depth (μm) were T1L0 (489.7±41.35; 118.71±4.99; 74.01±5.88), T1L1 (490.52±26.83; 119.1±5.31; 74.65±3.93), T1L2 (511.78±26.25; 120.428±1.68; 75.52±7.24), T2L0 (498.10±32.30; 116.56±4.44; 75.27±3.09), T2L1 (522.21±12.88; 123.07±4.63; 76.67±4.30;), T2L2 (523.26±9.27; 126.7±3.51; 76.96±2.41). The conclusion of this research there are similar result of effect of supplementation of either powdered or encapsulated probiotic on small intestinal morphometric (villus height villus, v villus width and crypt depth), but supplementation levels of encapsulated probiotic 0,2% and 0,4% was better than powdered probiotic. Further research needed to observe the effect of encapsulated probiotic to improve performances of local duck.

English Abstract

The purpose of this research was to evaluate the effect of supplementation of either powdered or encapsulated probiotic on villus height, villus width and crypt depth of local duck. Feed ingredients which were used consisted of corn, rice bran, meat bone meal, soybean meal, salt, DL-Methionine, Lysine, palm oil and premix. One hundred twenty male local day old ducks (DOD) were distributed to 6 different dietary groups, included 2 probiotic forms of either powdered (T1) or encapsulated (T2) and 3 levels of probiotic: 0% (L0), 0.2% (L1), 0.4%(L2). They were reared for 42 days (6 weeks). Variables which were used villus height, villus width and crypt depth. Data were analyzed by Nested of Completely Randomized Design and if there was significant effect, then tested by Duncan’s Multiple Range Test (DMRT). The result showed that there was no significant effect (p>0.05) of form of either powdered or encapsulated probiotic on villus height, villus width and crypt depth. Meanwhile, increasing level of probiotic had significant effect (p<0.05) on villus height and villus width, but had no significant effect in crypt depth. The ii conclusion of this research that using supplementation of either powdered or encapsulated probiotic has similar result, but using 0,4% encapsulated probiotic level gives better result on villus height and width.

Item Type: Thesis (Sarjana)
Identification Number: SKR/FPT/2018/205/051804016
Uncontrolled Keywords: probiotic, encapsulated, local duck, morphometric
Subjects: 600 Technology (Applied sciences) > 636 Animal husbandry > 636.5 Chickens and other kinds of domestic birds > 636.59 Other poultry > 636.597 Ducks > 636.597 2 Ducks (Breeding)
Divisions: Fakultas Peternakan > Peternakan
Depositing User: soegeng sugeng
Date Deposited: 25 May 2018 07:03
Last Modified: 22 Oct 2021 06:10
URI: http://repository.ub.ac.id/id/eprint/11078
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