Pengaruh Karakteristik Sumber Daya Alam Terhadap Konflik Front For The Liberation Of The Enclave Of Cabinda (Flec) Dengan Pemerintah Angola Tahun 2006-2017

Pramita, Elda Locita (2018) Pengaruh Karakteristik Sumber Daya Alam Terhadap Konflik Front For The Liberation Of The Enclave Of Cabinda (Flec) Dengan Pemerintah Angola Tahun 2006-2017. Sarjana thesis, Universitas Brawijaya.

Abstract

Sumber daya alam merupakan faktor penggerak perekonomian bagi masyarakat di Angola. Salah satu sumber daya alam yang mendominasi perekonomian di Angola adalah minyak. Sejak lama Angola dikenal sebagai salah satu negara produsen minyak terbesar di Benua Afrika. Minyak juga merupakan salah satu kunci penting dari konflik yang terjadi di daerah enclave provinsi Cabinda, Angola. Cabinda merupakan daerah enclave negara Angola yang terpisah oleh Republik Demokratik Kongo. Namun, Cabinda merupakan penghasil terbesar minyak yang mendominasi GDP Angola tiap tahunnya. Dominasi kekuasaan sumber daya minyak oleh pemerintah Angola membuat masyarakat di enclave Cabinda merasa termarjinalkan. Mereka kemudian membentuk suatu kelompok separatis dengan nama Front For The Liberation of The Enclave of Cabinda (FLEC). Oleh sebab itu, mereka menuntut untuk melakukan pemisahan diri dari Angola (separatisme). Hal inilah yang membuat penulis tertarik untuk membahas konflik berupa separatisme yang terjadi di Angola. Dalam penelitian ini, penulis menggunakan konsep perang sumber daya oleh Le Billon melalui perspektif politik ekologi untuk mengkaji pengaruh karakteristik sumber daya alam terhadap munculnya konflik di Cabinda.

English Abstract

Natural resource is the movement economy factor for people in Angola. One of natural resources that dominates the economy in Angola is oil. Since a long time ago, Angola is well-known as one of country that produces oil the biggest in Africa Continent. Oil is also one of important key from the conflict that happened in enclave area, Cabinda province, Angola. Cabinda is enclave area Angola country that separated by Democratic Republic of Congo. But, Cabinda is the largest producer of oil that dominated Angola's GDP anually. The domination of the power of oil resources by Angola government has made people in Cabinda enclave Cabinda felt marginalized. Then they formed a separated group by named Front for The Liberation of The Enclave of Cabinda (FLEC). Because of this, they demanded for doing separated from Angola (separatism). This is made the author is interested in discussing the conflict in the form of separatism that happened in Angola. From the research, the author has used the war concept by Le Billon by perspective of political ecology for reviewing the influence natural resources against the appearance the conflict in Cabinda.

Item Type: Thesis (Sarjana)
Identification Number: SKR/FIS/2018/206/051803606
Uncontrolled Keywords: perang sumber daya alam, politik ekologi, minyak, enclave Cabinda, FLEC, separatisme
Subjects: 300 Social sciences > 327 International relations > 327.1 Foreign policy and specific topics in international relations > 327.16 International conflict
Divisions: Fakultas Ilmu Sosial dan Ilmu Politik > Hubungan Internasional
Depositing User: Budi Wahyono Wahyono
Date Deposited: 17 May 2018 00:32
Last Modified: 21 Oct 2021 02:20
URI: http://repository.ub.ac.id/id/eprint/10597
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