Kepentingan Cina Memveto Resolusi Pbb Terkait Konflik Suriah Tahun 2011-2017

Nurfebriyanti, Nidia (2018) Kepentingan Cina Memveto Resolusi Pbb Terkait Konflik Suriah Tahun 2011-2017. Sarjana thesis, Universitas Brawijaya.

Abstract

Konflik Suriah muncul akibat adanya efek domino dari Arab Spring yang hingga kini belum dapat terselesaikan dan menyita perhatian internasional. PBB sebagai organisasi internasional yang mempunyai mandat untuk menjaga perdmaian dunia mencoba menyelesaikan konflik tersebut sejak tahun 2011 dengan membuat resolusi. Cina sebagai negara anggota tetap dewan keamanan PBB memveto resolusi resolusi yang berkitan dengan upaya pemberian sanksi dan penjatuhan rezim Assad di Suriah sehingga rezim Assad tetap berkuasa sampai saat ini, padahal sebelumnya Cina abstain disaat PBB membahas resolusi terkait sanksi di Libya, mengingat Suriah dan Libya sama sama negara yang terkena Arab Spring. Hubungan Suriah dan Cina sebelumnya juga tidak memiliki kedekatan secara politis sehingga sikap Cina tersebut menjadi suatu anomali. Penelitian ini akan mendeskripsikan kepentingan Cina dibalik tindakan veto tersebut. Akan digunakan konsep kepentingan nasional milik KJ Holsti sebagai alat analisis yang dijabarkan melalui indikator dan variabel yang terbagi dalam tiga periode waktu yaitu kepentingan inti, kepentingan menengah, dan kepentingan jangka panjang.

English Abstract

Syria conflict arise due to domino effect of Arab Spring which could not resolved yet and caught attention from the rest of the world. United Nation as an international organisation whose its mandate is keeping the world peace, try to solve this conflict by making resolutions since 2011. China as one of United Nation Security Council member, use its veto right to blocked some resolution related to sanction and every effort to bring assad regime down. Whereas China previously abstained when the UN discussed a resolution related to sanctions in Libya, while both Syria and Libya are affected by Arab Spring. China and Libya previously dont have any political relations closely, thus China behaviour became an anomaly. This minor thesis will describe China interest behind the veto using KJ Holsti concept of national interest based on three times period of interest : core interest, middle range interest,and long term interest.

Item Type: Thesis (Sarjana)
Identification Number: SKR/FIS/2018/164/051802856
Subjects: 300 Social sciences > 327 International relations > 327.1 Foreign policy and specific topics in international relations > 327.16 International conflict
Divisions: Fakultas Ilmu Sosial dan Ilmu Politik > Hubungan Internasional
Depositing User: Budi Wahyono Wahyono
Date Deposited: 11 May 2018 08:20
Last Modified: 18 Oct 2021 06:54
URI: http://repository.ub.ac.id/id/eprint/10412
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