Analisis Penerapan Budaya Kaizen Pada Perusahaan Joint Venture Asal Jepang Di Indonesia (Studi pada PT. POSSI)

Putra, Novaldi Nur Rochman (2018) Analisis Penerapan Budaya Kaizen Pada Perusahaan Joint Venture Asal Jepang Di Indonesia (Studi pada PT. POSSI). Sarjana thesis, Universitas Brawijaya.

Abstract

PT Power Systems Service Indonesia (POSSI) merupakan perusahaan joint venture antara PT PAL Indonesia, Mitsubishi Heavy Industries, LTD (MHI) dan Mitsubishi Corporation Jepang yang didirikan pada 1994 dan beroperasi di kota Surabaya, Jawa Timur, Indonesia. Pada 2014 kepemilikan PT POSSI beralih pada Mitsubishi Hitachi Power Systems, LTD (MHPS). PT POSSI bergerak dalam bidang jasa reparasi dan fabrikasi untuk produk Steam dan Gas Turbine sebagai alat pembangkit listrik. Dalam kegiatannya PT POSSI menerapkan budaya kaizen sebagai budaya perusahaan yang mencakup seluruh lini kegiatan yang ada di perusahaan. Tujuan penelitian ini adalah untuk menggambarkan proses penerapan budaya kaizen di PT POSSI. Penelitian ini juga menggambarkan adaptasi yang dilakukan PT POSSI terkait penerapan konsep utama kaizen, sistem utama kaizen, dan gemba kaizen. Metode penelitian yang dilakukan dalam penelitian yang digunakan dalam penelitian ini yaitu penelitian deskriptif dengan pendekatan kualitatif. Metode pengumpulan data yang digunakan yaitu wawancara dengan triangulasi yang dilakukan kepada tiga key informan, observasi langsung, dan dokumentasi. Metode analisis yang digunakan dalam penelitian ini adalah reduksi data, penyajian data, serta penarikan kesimpulan/verifikasi dan analisis data. Hasil dari penelitian ini menunjukkan bahwa proses penerapan budaya kaizen di perusahaan diawali dengan ditetapkannya F-Kaku sebagai budaya perusahaan induk yang kemudian diterapkan oleh PT POSSI pada 2009. Penerapan F-Kaku di PT POSSI juga menjadi pengayaan terhadap pembentukan pola pikir karyawan terkait kaizen. Penerapan budaya kaizen ini meningkatkan laju produktivitas dan peningkatan terhadap gemba yang dirasakan manfaatnya oleh seluruh lini perusahaan. Pada 2014 kaizen activity diperkenalkan sebagai budaya perusahaan secara utuh. Penerapan kaizen activity tersebut mendorong karyawan dalam meningkatkan kinerjanya dan kontribusinya terhadap perbaikan perusahaan. PT POSSI menerapkan konsep utama kaizen dan sistem utama kaizen dalam manajemennya, dengan menerapkan beberapa adaptasi dalam pengimplementasiannya. Walaupun perusahaan tidak menerapkan gemba kaizen, akan tetapi konsep-konsep gemba meliputi standarisasi, 5’S, dan penghapusan muda telah dilaksanakan sejak diterapkannya F-Kaku. Penerapan budaya kaizen di PT POSSI mendorong karyawan dalam berkontribusi lebih terhadap perkembangan perusahaan.

English Abstract

PT Power Systems Service Indonesia (POSSI) is a joint venture of PT PAL Indonesia, Mitsubishi Heavy Industries, LTD. (MHI), and Mitsubishi Corporation that established in 1994 and based in Surabaya, East Java, Indonesia. In 2014, PT POSSI ownership was transferred from MHI to Mitsubishi Hitachi Power Systems, LTD (MHPS). PT POSSI engaged reparation and fabrication services for gas and steam turbine. In their activity, PT POSSI implementing kaizen as the company culture wich has been covering the entire company line. The objective of this study aim for the implementation process of kaizen in PT POSSI. This study also aim the adaptation done by PT POSSI related to implementation of kaizen concepts , kaizen systems, and gemba kaizen. The methode used in this research is a descriptive study with a qualitative approach. The data was collected by triangulate interview on three key informan, by observation, and documentation. These data are analysedby data reducing, serving, and summarizing/verifying. The result of this study indicated that the process of kaizen implementation in PT POSSI was adopted from F-Kaku, the parent company culture that implemented by PT POSSI in 2009. The implementation of F-Kaku in PT POSSI also became an enrichmen towards the shaping of employees mindset about kaizen. The implementation of kaizen increases the rate of productivity and improvement of gemba perceived by the entire company. Begin in 2014, kaizen acitivity was introduced as the company culture. The implementation of kaizen activity encourages employees to improve their performance and contribution towards company improvement. PT POSSI implemented kaizen concept and kaizen systems in its management, by applying adaptation in its implementation. Although PT POSSI does not apply the term of gemba kaizen, but the concepts of gemba includes standardization, 5’S, and waste removal have been applied since the application of F-Kaku. Kaizen implementation in PT POSSI encourage employees to contribute more for the company developments.

Item Type: Thesis (Sarjana)
Identification Number: SKR/FIA/2018/169/051803430
Uncontrolled Keywords: Budaya Organisasi, Kaizen Activity, Gemba Kaizen, Bisnis Internasional
Subjects: 600 Technology (Applied sciences) > 658 General management > 658.4 Executive management > 658.401 Planning, policy making, control, quality management > 658.401 2 Planning and policy making
Divisions: Fakultas Ilmu Administrasi > Ilmu Administrasi Bisnis / Niaga
Depositing User: Yusuf Dwi N.
Date Deposited: 07 May 2018 02:13
Last Modified: 26 Oct 2021 05:09
URI: http://repository.ub.ac.id/id/eprint/10262
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