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Sayogyo, ZsiZsi Baranti Putri Keni (2019) Studi Keunggulan Komparatif Dan Kompetitif Indonesia Dalam Mengekspor Udang Olahan (Halal Dan Non Halal) Di Asia. Sarjana thesis, Universitas Brawijaya.

Indonesian Abstract

Nilai ukuran pasar makanan halal global mencapai US$ 1.303 miliar pada tahun 2017 dan diestimasi meningkat menjadi US$ 1.863 miliar pada tahun 2023. Sebagai negara dengan penduduk Muslim terbesar di Asia Tenggara ekspor Indonesia untuk industri makanan halal hanya bernilai US$ 3.3 miliar di tahun 2017. Sementara itu, negara-negara dengan penduduk Muslim minoritas berperan besar di pasar makanan halal dunia. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk melihat keunggulan komparatif ekspor Indonesia dalam mengekspor salah satu komoditas unggulan yakni udang olahan dengan negara-negara pesaing ekspor produk udang olahan di Asia yakni Thailand, Cina, India, Malaysia, Uni Emirates Arab, Singapura dan Vietnam, variabelvariabel yang berpengaruh pada keunggulan komparatif Indonesia dan potensi peluang Indonesia dalam meningkatkan ekspor produk halal. Penelitian ini menggunakan data sekunder dengan analisis Revealed Comparative Advantage, regresi data panel yang diolah dengan Eviews 10 dan model berlian Porter. Hasil penelitian diperoleh bahwa nilai keunggulan komparatif Indonesia kuat dibandingkan negara Cina, India, Malaysia, Uni Emirat Arab dan Singapura dan lemah dibandingkan Thailand dan Vietnam. Variabel-variabel yang berpengaruh positif dan signifikan terhadap nilai keunggulan komparatif ekspor udang olahan Indonesia ialah GDP negaranegara pesaing dan harga ekspor komoditas substitusi (ikan tuna olahan) negara-negara pesaing dan harga ekspor udang olahan negara-negara pesaing dan GDP per pekerja negara-negara pesaing berpengaruh signifikan dan negatif terhadap nilai keunggulan komparatif ekspor udang olahan Indonesia. Pada hasil analisis model Berlian Porter, Indonesia berkeunggulan kompetitif pada faktor kondisi, industri dan pendukung, kondisi permintaan domestik dan peran pemerintah serta berpeluang untuk meningkatkan ekspor halal di Asia khususnya di pasar Hongkong dan Taiwan.

English Abstract

The size of the global halal food market value reaches US $ 1,303 billion in 2017 and is estimated to increase to US $ 1,863 billion in 2023. As the country with the largest Muslim population in Southeast Asia Indonesia's exports for halal food industry are only valued at US $ 3.3 billion in 2017. Meanwhile, countries with minority Muslim populations played a large role in the global halal food market. This study aims to look at the comparative advantage of Indonesian exports in exporting one of the leading commodities namely processed shrimp with competing countries exporting processed shrimp products in Asia specifically Thailand, China, India, Malaysia, The United Arab Emirates, Singapore and Vietnam, the variables that influences Indonesia's comparative advantage and opportunities of Indonesia's potential in increasing exports of halal products. This study uses secondary data with Revealed Comparative Advantage analysis, panel data regression processed with E-views 10 and Porter’s diamond model. The results showed that Indonesia's comparative advantage was strong compared to China, India, Malaysia, The United Arab Emirates and Singapore and weak compared to Thailand and Vietnam. The variables that have a positive and significant effect on the comparative advantage of Indonesia's processed shrimp exports are the GDP of competing countries and the export prices of substitute commodities (processed tuna) of competing countries and the prices of processed shrimp exports of competing countries and GDP per person employed of competitor countries have a significant and negative effect on the comparative advantage of Indonesian processed shrimp exports. In the analysis of the Porter’s diamond model, Indonesia has a competitive advantage in factor conditions, industry and support, domestic demand conditions and the role of the government and has the opportunity to increase halal exports in Asia, especially in the Hong Kong and Taiwan markets.

Other Language Abstract

UNSPECIFIED

Item Type: Thesis (Sarjana)
Identification Number: SKR/FEB/2010/737/052002810
Uncontrolled Keywords: Revealed Comparative Advantage, Porter’s Diamond, halal, ekspor-Revealed Comparative Advantage, Porter's Diamond, Halal, export
Subjects: 300 Social sciences > 382 International commerce (Foreign trade) > 382.6 Export trade
Divisions: Fakultas Ekonomi dan Bisnis > Ilmu Ekonomi
Depositing User: soegeng
URI: http://repository.ub.ac.id/id/eprint/179799
Text
Zsi Zsi Baranti Putri Keni Sayogyo.pdf

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