BKG

Wulandari, Ratna (2019) Kajian Kualitatif Persepsi Ibu Hamil Kurang Energi Kronis Terhadap Food Taboo Dan Food Belief. Sarjana thesis, Universitas Brawijaya.

Indonesian Abstract

Ibu hamil dengan Kurang Energi Kronis (KEK) adalah keadaan dimana ibu mengalami kekurangan makan dalam jangka waktu lama yang dapat menyebabkan gangguan kesehatan selama kehamilan. Kurangnya asupan zat gizi adalah salah satu faktor penyebab KEK. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengkaji lebih dalam terkait persepsi ibu hamil KEK terhadap food taboo dan food belief di lingkungannya. Penelitian kualitatif ini menggunakan pendekatan fenomenologis dengan metode wawancara mendalam pada ibu hamil sebagai informan kunci serta pada keluarga dan kader sebagai informan pendukung. Dalam penelitian ini ditemukan kebanyakan food taboo selama kehamilan adalah udang, makanan pedas, dan durian, yang dipercaya karena pengaruh dari keluarga dan dampak yang dipercaya dapat membuat bayi panas. Sedangkan untuk food belief yang kebanyakan ditemukan adalah sayur dan buah yang dipercaya baik untuk ibu dan bayi. Ditemukan juga food belief tentang air kelapa dan air kacang hijau yang dipercaya dapat membuat bayi putih. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa ibu hamil KEK memiliki persepsi yang berbeda-beda terhadap food taboo dan food belief yang disebabkan karena berbagai faktor yang memengaruhi ibu hamil. Persepsi terhadap dampak, pengaruh keluarga, pengaruh lingkungan, pengalaman, dan pengaruh tenaga kesehatan, adalah hal-hal yang memengaruhi persepsi ibu hamil terhadap food taboo dan food belief yang akhirnya akan memengaruhi sikap ibu hamil apakah akan mengikuti atau tidak mengikuti food taboo dan food belief dan berdampak pada kebiasaan makan ibu selama hamil.

English Abstract

Pregnant women with Chronic Energy Malnutrition (CEM) is a condition which the mother experiences a shortage of food for long periods of time which can cause health problems during pregnancy. Lack of nutrient intake is one of the factors causing CEM. The aim of this study was to examined more deeply the perceptions of CEM pregnant women on food taboo and food beliefs in their environment. This qualitative study used a phenomenological approach with in-depth interviews with pregnant women as key informants and as supporting informants were families and cadres. In this study found most taboo foods during pregnancy are shrimp, spicy foods, and durians, which were believed to be due to the influence of the family and the effects that were believed to made the baby felt hot. While for the food belief that was mostly found were vegetables and fruits that were believed had good effect both for mother and baby. Also found was a food belief about coconut water and green bean water which was believed to clean the babies skin.The results showed that CEM pregnant women had different perceptions of food taboo and food belief caused by various factors that affect pregnant women. Perceptions of the impact, family influence, influence of the environment, experience, and influence of health workers, were things that affect the perception of pregnant women on food taboo and food beliefs that would affect the attitude of pregnant women whether to follow or not follow a food taboo and food belief and had an impact on mother's eating habits during pregnancy.

Other Language Abstract

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Item Type: Thesis (Sarjana)
Identification Number: SKR/FK/2019/164/051909244
Uncontrolled Keywords: ibu hamil KEK, food taboo, food belief, pregnant women with KEK, food taboo, food
Subjects: 600 Technology (Applied sciences) > 618 Gynecology, obstetrics, pediatrics, geriatrics > 618.2 Obstetrics > 618.242 Dietetics and Nutrition for pregnant woment
Divisions: Fakultas Kedokteran > Ilmu Gizi
Depositing User: Budi Wahyono
URI: http://repository.ub.ac.id/id/eprint/176125
Text
Ratna Wulandari (2).pdf

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