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Simanjorang, Apri Widawati (2018) Pengaruh Perubahan Kadar Flavonoid Akibat Lama Penyimpanan Ekstrak Etanol Daun Turi (Sesbania Grandiflora) Terhadap Potensinya Sebagai Insektisida Alami Pada Nyamuk Culex Sp Dengan Metode Semprot. Sarjana thesis, Universitas Brawijaya.

Indonesian Abstract

NyamukCulexspadalahvektorpenyakitfilariasis, West Nile Virus (WNV), danJapanese Encephalitis.NyamukCulex sp.bersifatzooantropofilik, yaitumenyukaibinatangdanmanusiasebagaimangsanyadanmemilikikebiasaanme nghisapdarahpadamalamhari (night biter).TindakanpencegahanpenularanpenyakitolehnyamukCulexspdapatdilakuka ndenganinsektisida.Saatinimasihbanyakmasyarakat yang menggunakaninsektisidasintetikataupestisidakimiawi yang praktisdanmudahdidapat.Namunpenggunaanpestisidakimiawidapatmerusakanlin gkungan.Sehinggaperlupenggunaaninsektisidaalami yang lebihramahlingkungansepertipenggunaanekstrakdaunturi(Sesbaniagrandiflora) yang mengandung flavonoid untukmembunuhnyamuk.DaunturiadalahbagiandaritanamanTuri yang mengandung flavonoid, saponin, tanin, glikoside, danperoksidase,.Penelitianinimerupakanpenelitianeksperimentallaboratorisdenga nrancangantest eksperimental-post control group design yang bertujuanuntukmengetahuipengaruhperubahankadar flavonoid padapenyimpananekstraketanoldaunturiterhadappotensinyasebagaiinsektisidaal amiterhadapnyamukCulex sp.denganmetodesemprot. Konsetrasiekstrak yang digunakanadalah 22.5%.HasilujiOne-Way ANOVAmenunjukkanadahubungansignifikanantara lama penyimpananterhadappotensiekstraketanoldaunturisebagaiinsektisidaalami (p<0.05) danterdapathubungansignifikanantara lama penyimpanandenganpenurunankadar flavonoid ekstraketanoldaunturi (p<0.05). Ujikorelasi Pearson didapatkankorelasisangatkuat.SehinggadapatdisimpulkanbahwaAdanyahubunga nantara lama penyimpananekstraketanoldaunturi (Sesbaniagrandiflora) terhadappotensinyasebagaiinsektisidaalamiterhadapnyamukCulex sp.

English Abstract

Culexsp mosquitoes are vectors of filariasis, West Nile Virus (WNV), and Japanese encephalitis. Culex sp. is zooantropophilic, which likes animals and humans as prey and has the habit of sucking blood at night (night biter). Measures to prevent transmission of diseases by Culexsp can be done with insecticides. Nowadays, there are still many people who use synthetic insecticides or chemical pesticides that are practical and easy to obtain. However, using chemical pesticides can damage the environment. So, it is necessary to use natural insecticides that are more environmentally friendly, such as the use of turi leaf extract (Sesbaniagrandiflora) which contains flavonoids to kill mosquitoes. Turi leaves are part of the Turi plant which contains flavonoids, saponins, tannins, glycosides, and peroxidases. This research is a laboratory experimental study with an experimental test design post-control group design which aims to determine the effect of changes in flavonoid levels on the storage of ethanol extract of turi leaves on their potential as a natural insecticide against Culex sp. by spray method. The extraction concentration used was 22.5%. The One-Way ANOVA test results shown that there was significant relation between the length of storage and the potential of ethanol extract of turi leaves as a natural insecticide (p< 0.05) but post hoc test resulsts shown that there was significant relation bertween group of days (p<0.05) and there was a significant relationship between the length of storage and a decrease in flavonoids in turi leaves (p <0.05). There was a very strong corellation in Pearson test. So it can be concluded that the storage of ethanol extract for five days had significant effect on the reduction of its potential as an insecticide.

Other Language Abstract

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Item Type: Thesis (Sarjana)
Identification Number: SKR/FK/2018/624/051901719
Uncontrolled Keywords: :Culexsp,Sesbania grandiflora , flavonoid, penyimpanan, insektisida, Culex sp, Sesbania grandiflora, flavonoid, storage, insecticide
Subjects: 600 Technology (Applied sciences) > 614 Forensic medicine; incidence of injuries, wounds, disease; public preventive medicine > 614.4 Incidence of and public measures to prevent disease > 614.43 Disease vectors and disease transmission by water / Vector control > 614.432 Insects / Insects--Control > 614.432 3 Mosquitoes / Mosquitoes--Control
Divisions: Fakultas Kedokteran > Pendidikan Dokter
Depositing User: Nur Cholis
URI: http://repository.ub.ac.id/id/eprint/168016
Text
Apri Widawati Simanjorang.pdf
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