BKG

Safitri, Delinda Ratna (2018) Pengaruh Konsumsi Kacang Almond (Prunus Dulcis) Terhadap Perubahan Intensitas Nyeri Dismenore Primer Pada Remaja Di Sma Brawijaya Smart School Malang. Sarjana thesis, Universitas Brawijaya.

Indonesian Abstract

Menstruasi adalah hal fisiologis yang terjadi pada remaja putri, namun remaja putri sering mengeluh nyeri atau kram pada perut bagian bawah saat menstruasi yang disebut dismenore. Prevalensi terjadinya dismenore di Indonesia adalah 64,25%. Dismenore primer terjadi karena kadar prostagalandin dalam endometrium meningkat sehingga mengakibatkan kontraksi otot rahim dan timbulnya nyeri. Magnesium adalah mikronutrien yang dapat berfungsi menghambat biosintesis prostaglandin sehingga megurangi ketegangan otot rahim dan menurunkan nyeri dismenore. Kacang almond memiliki kandungan magnesium yang tinggi yaitu sebanyak 5 g/100 gram. Penelitian ini bertujuan mengetahui pengaruh konsumsi kacang almond (Prunus dulcis) terhadap intensitas nyeri dismenore primer pada remaja di SMA BSS Kota Malang. Penelitian ini bersifat pure experimental rancangan Randomized Pretest-Postest Control Group Design dengan single blinded. Pemilihan sampel dengan cara Simple Random Sampling yang dibagi dalam 4 kelompok, yaitu kelompok kontrol (tidak diberikan perlakuan), perlakuan 1 (15 gram), perlakuan 2 (18 gram), dan perlakuan 3 (21 gram) dengan aturan konsumsi dosis dibagi 3 dan dikonsumsi setiap 4 jam sekali selama 12 jam saat menstruasi hari pertama. Pengukuran rasa nyeri menggunakan VAS (Visual Analog Score). Hasil One Way ANOVA ditemukan p=0,000 sehingga terdapat pengaruh kacang almond terhadap menurunnya nyeri dismenore. Hasil Tukey HSD ditemukan adanya perbedaan penurunan nyeri dismenore antar kelompok, yaitu kelompok kontrol dengan semua kelompok perlakuan dan P1 dengan P3 (p=0,017). Nilai delta mean menunjuukan bahwa pada perlakuan 1 dosis 300 mg magnesium memiliki pengaruh paling efektif unutk menurunkan nyeri dismenore primer pada remaja. Kesimpulan penelitian ini adalah terdapat pengaruh konsumsi kacang almond (Prunus dulcis) terhadap penurunan nyeri dismenore primer pada remaja.

English Abstract

Menstruation is a physiological thing that occurs in young women, but teenage girls often complain of pain or cramps in the lower abdomen during menstruation called dysmenorrhea. The prevalence of dysmenorrhea in Indonesia is 64.25%. Dysmenorrhea in Indonesia Primary dysmenorrhea occurs because prostaglandin levels in the endometrium increase, resulting in uterine muscle contraction and the onset of pain. Magnesium is a micronutrient that can function to mengahbat prostaglandin biosynthesis so as to reduce uterine muscle tension and reduce dysmenorrhea pain. Almonds have a high magnesium content of 5 g / 100 grams. This objective of this research was to know the effect of of consumption of almonds (Prunus dulcis) on the intensity of primary dysmenorrhea in young lady in SMA BSS Malang. This research is pure experimental with Randomize Pretest-Postest Control Group Design with single blinded. The samples were choosen using simple random sampling to be divided into 4 groups, they are control group (no treatment), treatment group 1 (15 gram), treatment group 2 (18 gram), and treatment group 3 (21 gram) with consumption dose divided by 3 and consumed every 4 hours for 12 hours during menstruation for the first day. Pain using VAS (Visual Analog Score). Statistical test used was parametric test, that was One Way ANOVA test to test the effect of almond’s consumption on primary dysmenorrhea pain, continued using Tukey HSD test to know the difference of pain effect of each group. One Way ANOVA results found p = 0.000 so that the effect of almond nuts on the decrease of primary dysmenorrhea pain. The result of One Way ANOVA test is p=0,000 so that there is the effect of almond toward primary dysmenorrhea, continued using Tukey HSD test to know the difference of pain of primary dysmenorrhea among treatment groups. The result of Tukey HSD test proofs that there is difference of dysmenorrhea pain reduction among groups, they are for control group with all experimental group (p = 0,000) and P1 with P3 (p = 0.017). Mean delta values indicate that in the treatment of 1 dose of 300 mg of magnesium has the most effective effect for reducing primary dysmenorrhea. The conclusion of this research is that there is efeect of consumption of almond (Prunus dulcis) to the decrease of primary dysmenorrhea pain in young lady.

Other Language Abstract

UNSPECIFIED

Item Type: Thesis (Sarjana)
Identification Number: SKR/FK/2018/30/051803246
Uncontrolled Keywords: Dismenore, magnesium, kacang almond, remaja putri, Dysmenorrhea, magnesium, almonds, young lady
Subjects: 600 Technology (Applied sciences) > 618 Gynecology, obstetrics, pediatrics, geriatrics > 618.1 Gynecology > 618.17 Functional and systemic disorders > 618.172 Menstruation disturbances > 618.172 065 4 Menstruation disorders--Nutritional aspects / Menstruation disorders--Diet therapy
Divisions: Fakultas Kedokteran > Kebidanan
Depositing User: Nur Cholis
URI: http://repository.ub.ac.id/id/eprint/167361
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