BKG

Daraquthny, Faizal Ad (2018) Tirto Adhi Soerjo (Studi Deskriptif Pemikiran Perintis Pers Pribumi Pada Masa Kolonialisme Hindia-Belanda). Sarjana thesis, Universitas Brawijaya.

Indonesian Abstract

Tirto Adhi Soerjo ialah tokoh pers pada jaman kolonialisme Hindia Belanda awal abad 20. Dia menjadi perintis Pers Pribumi dengan Soenda Berita media yang dimiliki, dikelola, dan diperuntukkan untuk kaum Pribumi pada 1903. Setelahnya ia menerbitkan Medan Prijaji, Soeloeh Keadilan, dan Poetri Hindia. Selain sebagai jurnalis, Tirto juga seorang organisatori yang mendirikan Sarekat Prijaji tahun 1906 dan Sarekat Dagang Islamiah tahun 1909. Dalam menjalankan kegiatan jurnalistiknya itu ia beberapa kali harus masuk pengadilan dan dibuang terkait kasus delik pers. Penelitian ini berusaha menggali lebih jauh pemikiran dan pergerakan Tirto Adhi Soerjo menyebarkan wacana kebangsaan lewat beberapa literatur dan suratkabar yang ia tulis pada masa itu. Hal ini bisa untuk memetakan perkembangan sejarah pers di Indonesia, khususnya pra kemerdekaan. Penelitian ini menggunakan perspektif komunikasi histori dengan pendekatan journalism studies: De-Westernizing Journalism. Hasil penelitian ini menunjukkan kecenderungan Tirto menggunakan medianya untuk berpolitik dalam menanamkan wacana kesadaran kebangsaan. Kesadaran ini terbentuk dari pengamatannya terhadap realitas sosial masyarakat kala itu, pergaulannya dengan beberapa tokoh pers dan non-pers, akses pendidikan, status sosial, serta organisasi yang ia ikuti dan dirikan. Praktik jurnalisme yang ia lakukan memiliki perbedaan dari jurnalisme Barat yang diterapkan di Hindia pada masa itu, sehingga cocok untuk dianalisis menggunakan De-Westernizing Journalism.

English Abstract

Tirto Adhi Soerjo is a press figure in the colonial era of the early 20th century in Dutch East Indies. He was a pioneer of the Indigenous Press with Soenda Berita, a media that is owned, managed, and destined for the Indigenous people in 1903. After that, he published Medan Prijaji, Soeloeh Keadilan, and Poetri Hindia. Aside from being a journalist, Tirto was also an organizer who founded the Sarekat Prijaji in 1906 and Sarikat Dagang Islamiah in 1909. In carrying out his journalistic activities he had to go to court several times and be thrown out in connection with the case of press offenses. This study sought to explore further thoughts and movements of Tirto Adhi Soerjo to spread national discourse through the literature and newspapers he wrote at that time. This could be to map the development of the history of the press in Indonesia, especially pre-independence. This study uses a communication history perspective with the journalism studies approach: De-Westernizing Journalism. The results of this study indicate the tendency of Tirto to use his media to engage in politics in disseminate national awareness discourses. This awareness is formed from his observations of the social reality of the community at that time, his association with several figures of the press and non-press, access to education, social status, and the organizations he participated in and founded. The practice of journalism that he did differ from Western journalism applied in the Indies at that time, so it was suitable to be analyzed using De-Westernizing Journalism.

Other Language Abstract

UNSPECIFIED

Item Type: Thesis (Sarjana)
Identification Number: SKR/FIS/2018/1013/051900161
Uncontrolled Keywords: Tirto Adhi Soerjo, Tokoh Pers, Komunikasi Histori, Pers Pra Kemerdekaan, Pers Era Kolonialisme-Tirto Adhi Soerjo, Press Figure, History Communication, Pre-Independence Press, Colonialism Press
Subjects: 900 History, geography and auxiliary disciplines > 920 Biography, genealogy, insignia > 920.5 Journalists and news commentators
Divisions: Fakultas Ilmu Sosial dan Ilmu Politik > Ilmu Komunikasi
Depositing User: soegeng
URI: http://repository.ub.ac.id/id/eprint/163376
Text
Faizal Ad Daraquthny.pdf

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