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Prusatama, Handityo Nalendra (2018) Implementasi Kebijakan Diaspora Rusia melalui Compatriot Policy di Latvia Pada Tahun 2011- 2015. Sarjana thesis, Universitas Brawijaya.

Indonesian Abstract

Penelitian ini berjudul ”Implementasi Kebijakan Diaspora Rusia melalui Compatriot Policy di Latvia Pada Tahun 2011-2015”. Penelitian ini pada dasarnya membahas mengenai kebijakan diaspora Rusia yang dituangkan melalui Compatriot Policy yang sedang dilaksanakan di Latvia, negara yang merupakan bekas Soviet pada masa lalu. Kebijakan ini dilaksanakan hanya di negara wilayah near abroad seperti Latvia, Lithuania dan Estonia. Menurut Kebijakan Negara Federasi Rusia tahun 1999 definisi dari Compatriot sendiri adalah mereka yang memiliki keterikatan dan kedekatan terhadap budaya, nilai, bahasa, keturunan maupun sejarah dengan bangsa Rusia. Dalam implementasinya pemerintah Rusia fokus terhadap penyebaran budaya dan bahasa serta diikuti bidang lain, seperti investasi dan jaminan perlindungan terhadap para diaspora. Seperti diadakannya referendum bahasa pada tahun 2012 di Latvia, Referendum ini berdampak diakuinya bahasa Rusia sebagai bahasa resmi kedua di Latvia. Hal ini dapat dijadikan bukti bahwa kebijakan ini telah mempengaruhi lapisan masyarakat di Latvia dan etnis Rusia semakin menjadi mayoritas di Latvia. Dengan fakta tersebut maka dapat mendukung masuknya pemerintah rusia dalam kepentingan, mencapuri urusan dalam negeri dan lobi-lobi politik demi tercapainya kepentingan nasional Rusia. Terdapat banyak faktor yang membuat penulis memilih Latvia sebagai objek penelitian dalam implementasi compatriot policy, salah satunya adalah jumlah etnis Rusia yang sangat besar di Latvia dibandingkan dengan wilayah near abroad lainnya. Dapat dibuktikan bahwa semakin banyak etnis Rusia di Latvia, maka semakin suksesnya implementasi Compatriot Policy di Latvia. Ini dipengaruhi oleh aktvifitas diaspora Rusia yang didukung oleh pemerintah secara langsung. Menurut Alan Gamlen, ia mengidentifikasi tiga jenis kebijakan diaspora dalam menganalisa dan melihat suatu kebijakan diaspora yaitu, capacity bulding, extending right dan extracting obligation.

English Abstract

This research is entitled "Implementation of Russian Diaspora Policy through Compatriot Policy in Latvia in 2011-2015". This research basically discusses the policies of the Russian diaspora as outlined in the Compatriot Policy being carried out in Latvia, a country that was a former Soviet in the past. This policy was implemented only in near-country countries such as Latvia, Lithuania and Estonia. According to the State Policy of the Russian Federation in 1999 the definition of Compatriot itself is those who have attachment and closeness to culture, values, language, descent and history with the Russian nation. In its implementation, the Russian government focused on the spread of culture and language and followed by other fields, such as investment and guarantee of protection for the diaspora. Like the holding of a language referendum in 2012 in Latvia, this referendum had the effect of recognizing Russian as the second official language in Latvia. This can be used as evidence that this policy has influenced the layers of society in Latvia and ethnic Russians increasingly become the majority in Latvia. With this fact, it can support the entry of Russian government in interests, embrace internal affairs and political lobbies to achieve Russian national interests. There are many factors that make the author choose Latvia as the object of research in the implementation of the compatriot policy, one of which is the very large number of ethnic Russians in Latvia compared to other near abroad regions. It can be proven that the more ethnic Russians in Latvia, the more successful the implementation of the Compatriot Policy in Latvia. This is influenced by the activity of the Russian diaspora directly supported by the government. According to Alan Gamlen, he identified three types of diaspora policies in analyzing and seeing a diaspora policy, namely, capacity bulding, extending right and extracting obligation.

Other Language Abstract

UNSPECIFIED

Item Type: Thesis (Sarjana)
Identification Number: SKR/FIS/2018/823/051810967
Uncontrolled Keywords: Kebijakan Luar Negeri, Compatriot, Diaspora, Rusia, Latvia, diaspora engagement policies Foreign Policy, Compatriot, Diaspora, Russia, Latvia, diaspora engagement policies
Subjects: 300 Social sciences > 327 International relations > 327.1 Foreign policy and specific topics in international relations > 327.109 47 Foreign policy and specific topics in international relations (Russia)
Divisions: Fakultas Ilmu Sosial dan Ilmu Politik > Hubungan Internasional
Depositing User: Budi Wahyono
URI: http://repository.ub.ac.id/id/eprint/163337
Text
Handityo Nalendra Prusatama.pdf
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