BKG

Rohmawati, FauziahAini (2015) Pengaruh Pemberian Pgpr (Plant Growth Promoting Rhizobacteria) Dan Kompos Kotoran Kelinci Pada Pertumbuhan Dan Hasil Tanaman Terung (Solanum Melongena L.). Sarjana thesis, Universitas Brawijaya.

Indonesian Abstract

Terung merupakan salah satu tanaman sayur-sayuran yang diusahakan oleh petani. Peningkatan produksi pada tanaman sayur-sayuran merupakan bagian yang penting dari usaha peningkatan produksi hasil pertanian. Berdasarkan data Badan Pusat Statistik pada tahun 2013 produksi tanaman terung Indonesia mencapai 545.646 ton. Jumlah tersebut mengalami penurunan pada tahun 2012 dimana Indonesia mampu memproduksi 518.827 ton jika dibandingkan dengan produksi pada tahun 2011 yaitu dengan produksi mencapai 519.481 ton. Jumlah yang relatif sedikit ini perlu ditingkatkan meskipun peluang pasar organik semakin meningkat, Indonesia masih belum mampu menjadi produsen utama produk organik di dunia jika dibandingkan dengan negara-negara lainnya. Perkembangan budidaya tanaman terung umumnya hanya diusahakan sebagai tanaman sampingan bukan sebagai tanaman utama dengan cara bercocok tanam yang belum intensif, sehingga produksi tanaman terung masih tergolong rendah. Usaha yang dapat dilakukan untuk meningkatkan produksi tanaman terung adalah dengan pemberian PGPR (Plant Growth Promoting Rhizobacteria) dan penambahan bahan organik berupa kompos kotoran kelinci. PGPR aktif mengkoloni akar tanaman dengan memiliki tiga peran utama bagi tanaman yaitu sebagai biofertilizer, biostimulan dan bioprotektan, sedangkan kompos kotoran kelinci dapat bermanfaat sebagai alternatif penyuplai unsur hara yang dibutuhkan oleh tanaman terung selama pertumbuhannya serta dalam penggunaan PGPR tidak mempunyai bahaya atau efek samping sehingga bahaya pencemaran lingkungan dapat dihindari. Tujuan dari penelitian untuk (1) Mempelajari pengaruh pemberian Plant Growth Promoting Rhizobacteria (PGPR) dan kompos kotoran kelinci terhadap pertumbuhan dan hasil tanaman terung; (2) Untuk mendapatkan dosis PGPR dan kompos kotoran kelinci yang tepat untuk menghasilkan pertumbuhan dan hasil tanaman terung tertinggi. Penelitian ini dilaksanakan pada bulan April sampai dengan Juli 2015 di Desa Dadaprejo Kecamatan Junrejo, Kota Batu, Provinsi Jawa Timur dengan ketinggian tempat 600 mdpl. Pelaksanaan penelitian ini merupakan percobaan faktorial yang dirancang dalam Rancangan Acak Kelompok, terdapat 2 faktor yaitu pemberian PGPR dan pupuk kompos kotoran kelinci. Terdapat 12 perlakuan dengan 3 ulangan sehingga didapatkan 36 satuan percobaan. Dari hasil kombinasi 2 faktor maka didapatkan perlakuan yang digunakan, yaitu: P0K1= tanpa PGPR + kompos kotoran kelinci 5 ton/ha; P0K2 = tanpa PGPR + kompos kotoran kelinci 10 ton/ha; P0K3 = tanpa PGPR + 15 ton/ha; P0K4 = tanpa PGPR + kompos kotoran kelinci 20 ton/ha; P1K1 = 15 ml PGPR + kompos kotoran kelinci 5 ton/ha; P1K2 = 15 ml PGPR + kompos kotoran kelinci 10 ton/ha; P1K3 = 15 ml PGPR + kompos kotoran kelinci 15 ton/ha; P1K4 = 15 ml PGPR + 20 ton/ha; P2KI = 30 ml PGPR + kompos kotoran kelinci 5 ton/ha; P2K2 = 30 ml PGPR + kompos kotoran kelinci 10 ton/ha; P2K3 = 30 ml PGPR + kompos kotoran kelinci 15 ton/ha; P2K4 = 30 ml PGPR + kompos kotoran kelinci 20 ton/ha. Parameter pengamatan pertumbuhan dilakukan secara non destruktif meliputi: tinggi tanaman, jumlah daun, diameter batang, umur berbunga, umur berbuah, umur panen pertama dan umur panen terakhir dengan interval pengamatan 7, 14, 21, 28, 35, 42, 49 hst dan pengamatan hasil meliputi: jumlah buah, bobot per buah, bobot buah per tanaman, panjang buah, diameter buah dan bobot buah per petak, Analisis kimia tanah dan Analisis usahatani. Data yang diperoleh dianalisis dengan analisis ragam (uji F) pada taraf 5% untuk mengetahui pengaruh yang diberikan. Apabila beda nyata, dilanjutkan dengan uji Beda Nyata Terkecil (BNT) dengan taraf 5%. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan adanya interaksi yang nyata antara perlakuan PGPR dengan kompos kotoran kelinci pada jumlah buah, bobot buah per petak dan bobot buah per Ha. Perlakuan PGPR 30 ml dengan kompos kotoran kelinci 10 ton/ha menghasilkan jumlah buah lebih tinggi dari perlakuan lainnya, sedangkan perlakuan PGPR 30 ml dengan kompos kotoran kelinci 10 ton/ha dan 15 ton/ha menghasikan bobot buah per petak dan bobot buah per Ha lebih tinggi dari perlakuan lainnya. PGPR berpengaruh nyata terhadap umur berbunga, umur berbuah, umur panen pertama dan bobot buah per tanaman pada tanaman terung. Perlakuan PGPR 30 ml dapat mempercepat umur berbunga, umur berbuah dan umur panen pertama, serta dapat meningkatkan bobot buah per tanaman, sedangkan kompos kotoran kelinci berpengaruh nyata terhadap umur berbunga, umur berbuah dan umur panen pertama pada tanaman terung. Perlakuan kompos kotoran kelinci 20 ton/ha dapat mempercepat umur berbunga dan umur berbuah, sedangkan perlakuan kompos kotoran kelinci 10 ton/ha, 15 ton/ha dan 20 ton/ha dapat mempercepat umur panen pertama.

English Abstract

Eggplant is a vegetable crops cultivated by farmers. Increased production in plants vegetables are an important part of efforts to increase agricultural production. Based on data from the Central Bureau of Statistics in 2013 crop production eggplant Indonesia reached 545 646 tonnes. That number decreased in 2012 in which Indonesia is capable of producing 518 827 tonnes compared with production in 2011 is to achieve production of 519 481 tonnes. This relatively small quantities need to be improved despite the growing organic market opportunities, Indonesia still has not been able to become a major producer of organic products in the world when compared with other countries. The development of cultivation of eggplant are generally only grown as a crop byproduct rather than as the main plant in a manner that has not been intensive farming, so the eggplant crop production is still relatively low. Businesses that can be done to increase the production of eggplant crop is the provision of PGPR (Plant Growth Promoting Rhizobacteria) and the addition of organic matter such as compost rabbit droppings. PGPR actively colonize plant roots by having three main roles for the plant is as biofertilizer, biostimulan and bioprotektan, whereas composted rabbit droppings can be useful as an alternative supplier of nutrients needed by the plants of eggplant during its growth as well as in the use of PGPR has no dangers or side effects, so the danger environmental pollution can be avoided. The aim of the research to (1) Studying the effect of Plant Growth Promoting Rhizobacteria (PGPR) and manure rabbit fertilizer on the growth and yield of eggplant; (2) To get a dosage of PGPR and manure rabbit fertilizer right to generate growth and yield the highest eggplant. The research has been conducted from April to July 2015 in the village Dadaprejo Junrejo Subdistrict, Batu, East Java Province with the altitude of 600 meters above sea level. Implementation of this research is designed factorial experiment in a randomized block design, there were two factors, namely the provision of PGPR and manure rabbit fertilizer. There are 12 treatments with three replications to obtain 36 units of the experiment. From the results of the combination of two factors so he found the treatment to be used, namely: P0K1 = without PGPR + manure rabbit fertilizer 5 ton/ha ; P0K2 = without PGPR + manure rabbit fertilizer 10 ton/ha ; P0K3 = without PGPR + manure rabbit fertilizer 15 ton/ha ; P0K4 = without PGPR + manure rabbit fertilizer 20 ton/ha ; P1K1 = 15 ml PGPR + manure rabbit fertilizer 5 ton/ha ; P1K2 = 15 ml PGPR + manure rabbit fertilizer 10 ton/ha; P1K3 = 15 ml PGPR + manure rabbit fertilizer 15 ton/ha ; P1K4 = 15 ml PGPR + manure rabbit fertilizer 20 ton/ha ; P2KI = 30 ml PGPR + manure rabbit fertilizer 5 ton/ha ; P2K2 = 30 ml PGPR + manure rabbit fertilizer 10 ton/ha ; P2K3 = 30 ml PGPR + manure rabbit fertilizer 15 ton/ha ; P2K4 = 30 ml PGPR + manure rabbit fertilizer 20 ton/ha. Parameter observations of growth performed non destructively include: plant height, number of leaves, stem diameter, day of flowered, day of fruiting, harvesting of the first and harvesting of the last. Interval of observation 7, 14, 21, 28, 35, 42, 49 hst and observation results include: the number of fruit, fruit weight of plant , weight of fruit, length of fruit, diameter of fruit and weight of fruit plot, chemical analysis and the analysis of farm land. Data were analyzed by analysis of variance (F test) at 5% level to determine the effect a given. If a significant difference, followed by a test of Least Significant Difference (LSD) at 5% level. The results showed significant interaction between treatment PGPR with manure rabbit fertilizer on the number of fruit, weight of fruit plot and weight of fruit ha on the eggplant. Treatment PGPR 30 ml with manure rabbit fertilizer 10 ton/ha resulted fruit number is higher than the other treatments, while the treatment of PGPR 30 ml with manure rabbit fertilizer 10 ton/ha and 15 ton/ha has resulted in weight of fruit plot and weight of fruit ha higher than the other treatments, PGPR significant effect on the day of crop flowered, day of crop fruiting, harvesting of the first and fruit weight crop to eggplant. 30 ml PGPR treatment can accelerate the day of crop flowered, day of crop fruiting, harvesting of the first and fruit weight crop, manure rabbit fertilizer significant effect on the day of crop flowered, day of crop fruiting, harvesting of the first to eggplant. Treatment manure rabbit fertilizer 20 ton/ha can accelerate the day of crop flowered and day of crop fruiting, while the treatment of manure rabbit fertilizer 10 ton/ha, 15 ton/ha and 20 ton/ha can accelerate harvesting of the first.

Other Language Abstract

UNSPECIFIED

Item Type: Thesis (Sarjana)
Identification Number: SKR/FP/2015/920/051600007
Subjects: 600 Technology (Applied sciences) > 631 Specific techniques; apparatus, equipment materials > 631.5 Cultivation and harvesting
Divisions: Fakultas Pertanian > Budidaya Pertanian
Depositing User: Kustati
URI: http://repository.ub.ac.id/id/eprint/130970
Full text not available from this repository.

Actions (login required)

View Item View Item