BKG

Savitri, NadiaUlfa (2015) Pengaruh Umur Persemaian Dan Pupuk Kandang Kambing Pada Pertumbuhan Dan Hasil Tanaman Mentimun (Cucumis Sativus L.). Sarjana thesis, Universitas Brawijaya.

Indonesian Abstract

Persemaian benih mentimun perlu dilakukan sebelum di tanam di lahan langsung agar memperoleh bibit yang normal, baik, unggul dan seragam. Usaha meningkatkan hasil tanaman mentimun selain dengan umur persemaian yang tepat ialah mencukupi kebutuhan unsur hara yang diperlukan agar dapat mencapai hasil yang maksimal. Perlu pemanfataan sumber pupuk nitrogen yang ramah lingkungan seperti menggunakan pupuk kandang kambing. Tujuan dari penelitian ini adalah mempelajari pengaruh perbedaan umur persemaian dan dosis pupuk kandang kambing pada pertumbuhan dan hasil tanaman mentimun serta mendapatkan umur persemaian dan dosis pupuk kandang kambing yang tepat untuk pertumbuhan dan hasil tanaman mentimun. Hipotesis yang diajukan dalam penelitian ialah perlakuan umur persemaian yang tidak terlalu lama dan dosis pupuk kandang yang tinggi dapat meningkatkan pertumbuhan dan hasil tanaman mentimun. Penelitian dilaksanakan pada bulan April-Mei 2015 bertempat di Kebun Percobaan, Balai Pengkajian Teknologi Pertanian (BPTP), Karangploso Kabupaten Malang. Rancangan percobaan yang digunakan ialah Rancangan Petak Terbagi (RPT). Dosis pupuk kandang kambing (M) ditempatkan pada petak utama terdiri dari 2 taraf, yaitu (M1) 9,6 ton ha-1, (M2) 19,2 ton ha-1. Umur persemaian (P) ditempatkan pada anak petak terdiri dari 4 taraf yaitu, (P0) Tanpa persemaian, (P1) Persemaian 5 hari, (P2) Persemaian 10 hari, (P3) Persemaian 15 hari. Pengamatan terdiri atas parameter pertumbuhan (Umur 8, 16, 24, 32 HST) yaitu tinggi tanaman (cm), jumlah daun (helai), luas daun (cm2), diameter batang (cm), jumlah bunga pertanaman dan fruitset. Pengamatan panen meliputi panjang buah per tanaman (cm), diameter buah per tanaman (cm), bobot buah per tanaman (g), bobot total buah per tanaman (g), jumlah buah per tanaman (buah) dan hasil panen per hektar (ton ha-1) Analisis pertumbuhan tanaman meliputi indeks luas daun (ILD). Data yang diperoleh dari hasil pengamatan dianalisis dengan menggunakan analisis ragam (Uji F) pada taraf 5% Apabila terdapat interaksi atau pengaruh nyata, maka dilanjutkan dengan Uji Beda Nyata Jujur (BNJ) pada taraf p = 0,05. Pada pengamatan pertumbuhan dan hasil tanaman mentimun menunjukkan tidak ada interaksi nyata antara dosis pupuk kandang kambing dan umur persemaian. Dosis pupuk kandang kambing tidak berpengaruh nyata namun perlakuan umur persemaian berpengaruh nyata pada komponen pertumbuhan yaitu pada variabel tinggi tanaman, diameter batang, jumlah daun dan jumlah bunga. Sedangkan pada komponen hasil meliputi bobot total tanaman, jumlah buah dan panen per hektar. Hasil nisbah paling tinggi antara penerimaan dan biaya menunjukkan usaha tani ialah perlakuan umur persemaian 5 hari disertai dengan pemberian pupuk kandang kambing 9,6 ton ha-1 menghasilkan nilai R/C ratio 4,1.

English Abstract

Cucumber needs transplant before planted on land directly in order to obtain a normal seedling, better, superior and uniform of seed. An effort to increase the production of cucumber plants in addition to the right transplant age is sufficient for nutrient necessary in order to achieve maximum results. It’s necessary to use source of nitrogen fertilizers that are environmentally friendly such as the goat manure. The purpose of this research was to study the effect of transplant age and dose of goat manure on the growth and yield of cucumber as well as getting the nursery age and right dose of goat manure for the growth and yield of cucumber. The hypothesis of the research is the treatment of nursery age who are not too long and high doses of manure that can enhance the growth and yield of cucumber. The experiment was conducted in April-May 2015, at the land experimental of Institute for Agricultural Technology (BPTP), Karangploso Malang. The experimental design used split plot design (RPT). Dose goat manure (M) is placed on the main plot consists of two levels: (M1) of 9.6 ton ha-1, (M2) 19.2 ton ha-1. Transplant age (P) placed on the subplot consisted of 4 levels: (P0) Without transplant, (P1) 5 days transplant, (P2) 10 days transplant, (P3) 15 days transplant. Observations consists of the growth parameters (age 8, 16, 24, 32 HST) are plant height (cm), number of leaves (pieces), leaf area (cm2), stem diameter (cm), number of flower (pieces) and fruitset. Harvest observations are the length fruit of plant (cm), diameter of fruit (cm), weight of fruit (g), the total weight of fruits (g), the number of fruits and the yields (tonnes ha-1). Analysis of plant growth include leaf area index (LAI). Environmental monitoring includes temperature and precipitation. Data obtained from observations were analyzed using analysis of variance (F test) at 5%. If there is an interaction or real effect, then continued with Honestly Significant Difference Test (HSD) at the level of p = 0.05. In observation of the growth and yield of cucumber plants showed no apparent interaction between doses of goat manure and nursery age. Goat manure dose was not significant effect, but the treatment of transplant age shows real effect on the growth component which the variable are plant height, stem diameter, number of leaves and number of flower. While the yield components include total plant weight, number of fruits per plant and harvest per hectare. Results of the ratio between revenues and costs shows the treatment of transplant age in 5 days with 9,6 tonnes ha-1 doze of goat manure gave R/C ratio at 4,1. This value is the highest among the other treatments that can be to the most flexible and profitable.

Other Language Abstract

UNSPECIFIED

Item Type: Thesis (Sarjana)
Identification Number: SKR/FP/2015/797/ 051509616
Subjects: 600 Technology (Applied sciences) > 631 Specific techniques; apparatus, equipment materials > 631.5 Cultivation and harvesting
Divisions: Fakultas Pertanian > Budidaya Pertanian
Depositing User: Kustati
URI: http://repository.ub.ac.id/id/eprint/130832
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