BKG

Utomo, MuhammadDikaCahyo (1900) Penggunaan Berbagai Jenis Mulsa Untuk Meningkatkan Produksi Brokoli (Brassica Oleracea L.). Sarjana thesis, Universitas Brawijaya.

Indonesian Abstract

Penelitian ini dilaksanakan di kebun percobaan Universitas Brawijaya yang terletak di Dusun Cangar, Desa Sumberbrantas, Kecamatan Bumiaji, Kota Batu pada bulan April sampai bulan Juli 2014. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mempelajari pengaruh berbagai jenis mulsa organik dan anorganik terhadap pertumbuhan dan produksi tanaman brokoli. Hasil dari penelitian ini diharapkan dapat digunakan sebagai bahan masukan dan pertimbangan untuk penelitian lebih lanjut tentang penggunaan berbagai jenis mulsa yang dapat meningkatkan hasil produksi tanaman brokoli. Alat-alat yang digunakan dalam penelitian ini meliputi cangkul, cetok, meteran, penggaris, kamera, jangka sorong, Leaf Area Meter (LAM), oven, timbangan analitik dan alat tulis. Bahan yang digunakan ialah benih brokoli varietas royal green, pupuk kandang ayam, pupuk kompos tanaman, mulsa jerami, mulsa paitan, mulsa alang-alang, MPHP, mulsa plastik bening dan mulsa plastik perak grenjeng. Penelitian ini menggunakan Rancangan Acak Kelompok (RAK) dengan 4 kali ulangan yang terdiri dari 7 perlakuan, yaitu P0 (tanpa mulsa); P1 (mulsa jerami); P2 (mulsa paitan); P3 (mulsa alang-alang); P4 (mulsa plastik hitam perak); P5 (mulsa plastik bening) dan P6 (mulsa plastik perak grenjeng). Variabel yang diamati adalah jumlah daun, luas daun, bobot basah total tanaman, bobot kering total tanaman, jumlah gulma, bobot basah gulma, bobot kering gulma, dan komponen hasil yang meliputi indeks panen, bobot segar bunga dan diameter bunga. Data dianalisis dengan analisis ragam dan dilanjutkan uji Beda Nyata Terkecil (BNT). Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa penggunaan berbagai jenis mulsa tidak terdapat perbedaan nyata pada komponen pertumbuhan yaitu jumlah daun, luas daun, bobot kering total tanaman, dan indeks panen. Hasil penelitian bobot basah total tanaman, jumlah gulma, bobot basah gulma, bobot kering gulma, bobot segar bunga dan diameter bunga menunjukkan hasil yang berbeda nyata untuk semua perlakuan mulsa.Penggunaan mulsa plastik hitam perak memberikan komponen pertumbuhan seperti jumlah daun, luas daun, bobot basah total tanaman yang tidak berbeda nyata dengan perlakuan yang lain. Mulsa plastik perak grenjeng mempunyai komponen hasil bobot segar bunga tertinggi, yaitu 610,67 g/tanaman atau 55,38% lebih tinggi daripada bobot segar bunga perlakuan tanpa mulsa (kontrol). Berdasarkan hasil penelitian, disarankan untuk menggunakan mulsa plastik perak grenjeng untuk mendapatkan hasil produksi tanaman brokoli yang lebih baik.

English Abstract

This research was conducted at the experimental station located in UB Cangar Hamlet, Village Sumberbrantas, Bumiaji, Batu April to July 2014. This study aimed to study the effect of various types of organic and inorganic mulch on the growth and yield of broccoli. The results of this study can be used as inputs and considerations for further research on the used of various types of mulch that can increase crop production broccoli. The tools used in this study include the hoe, trowel, meter, ruler, cameras, calipers, Leaf Area Meter (LAM), oven, analytical balance and stationery. Materials used are: seed varieties royal green broccoli, chicken manure, compost plants, straw mulch, mulch paitan, mulch reeds, MPHP, clear plastic mulch and silver plastic mulch grenjeng. This study used a randomized block design (RBD) with 4 replications which consisted of 7 treatments, are P0 (without mulch); P1 (straw mulch); P2 (Titonia diversolia mulch); P3 (reeds mulch); P4 (black silver plastic mulch); P5 (transparant plastic mulch) and P6 (silver plastic mulch) . The variables measured were the number of leaves, leaf area, total plant fresh weight, total dry weight of plants, number of weeds, weeds wet weight, dry weight of weeds, and yield components include harvest index, the fresh weight of flowers and flower diameter. Data were analyzed by analysis of variance and the test continued Least Significant Difference (LSD). The results showed that the used of various types of mulch there is no real difference in the growth component that is the number of leaves, leaf area, total plant dry weight, and harvest index. The results of the study a total wet weight of the plant, the number of weeds, weeds wet weight, dry weight of weeds, flower fresh weight and diameter of the flower show significantly different results for all treatment mulch. The used of black and silver plastic mulch provides growth components such as the number of leaves, leaf area, total fresh weight of plants were not significantly different from other treatments. Grenjeng silver plastic mulch has a fresh weight yield components of the highest interest, are 610.67 g/plant or 55.38 % higher than the weight of fresh flowers without mulch treatment (control). Based on the research results, it is recommended to use a silver plastic mulch grenjeng to get the broccoli crop production better.

Other Language Abstract

UNSPECIFIED

Item Type: Thesis (Sarjana)
Identification Number: SKR/FP/2015/359/ 051504772
Subjects: 600 Technology (Applied sciences) > 631 Specific techniques; apparatus, equipment materials > 631.5 Cultivation and harvesting
Divisions: Fakultas Pertanian > Budidaya Pertanian
Depositing User: Kustati
URI: http://repository.ub.ac.id/id/eprint/130359
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