BKG

Andita, RossalaPutri (2015) Kajian Hasil Pertumbuhan Tanaman Padi (Oryza Sativa L) Terhadap Model Pertanian Ramah Lingkungan. Sarjana thesis, Universitas Brawijaya.

Indonesian Abstract

Revolusi Hijau Memberi Dampak Negatif Terutama Pada Kelestarian Lingkungan. Salah Satu Sistem Yang Dapat Memperbaiki Kondisi Lingkungan Yaitu Sistem Pertanian Ramah Lingkungan Yang Mengintregasikan Antara Tanaman Usaha Tani Dengan Hewan Ternak Dan Meminimalkan Penggunaan Input Kimia. Menurut Suriapermana Et Al., 1990 Integrasi Padi-Itik-Ikan Dapat Memberi Keuntungan Bersih Sebesar Rp.889.000-Rp.1.160.000/Musim Tanam, Dimana 12,4-14,7% Diantaranya Adalah Berasal Dari Pemeliharaan Itik. Sistem Intregasi Padi Dan Ternak Itik Mempunyai Fungsi Sebagai Fertilisator, Pestisidator, Dan Sekaligus Sebagai Herbisidator (Mahfudz Et Al., 2004). Azolla Dapat Dipadukan Dengan Sistem Integrasi Padi-Itik-Ikan Sebagai Pakan Itik Dan Ikan. Batan, (2006) Mengatakan Dengan Menginokulasikan 200 Gr Azolla Segar /M2 Memberikan Hasil Terbaik Terhadap Berat Kering Tanaman Per Rumpun, Hasil Gabah 63,60 G /Rumpun. Pola Tanam Jajar Legowo Dapat Memberikan Keuntungan Yang Sinergis Terhadap Pemeliharaan Ikan, Itik Dan Penggunaan Azolla. Menurut Bobihoe, (2011) Penanaman Jajar Legowo Dapat Meningkatkan Produktivitas Padi 12-22% Dan Jumlah Rumpun Padi Meningkat Sampai 33% /Ha. Tujuan Penelitian Ini Dilakukan Untuk Mempelajari Respon Tanaman Padi Terhadap Integrasi Padi-Itik-Ikan-Azolla (Sistem Pertanian Ramah Lingkungan) Dengan Menggunakan Pola Tanam Jajar Legowo. Hipotesis Yang Diajukan Yaitu Terdapat Respon Pertumbuhan Tanaman Padi Pada Perlakuan Paling Komplek P5 Yang Akan Meningkat Dengan Adanya Integrasi Padi-Ikan-Itik-Azolla Dibandingkan Dengan Perlakuan Kurang Komplek. Penelitian Dilaksanakan Pada Mei-Agustus 2014 Di Desa Kepanjen, Kabupaten Malang, Dengan Ketinggian 335 M Dpl, Temperature Rata – Rata 25o C – 27o C. Alat Yang Digunakan: Lam, Timbangan Analitik, Oven, Kamera, Cangkul, Plastik, Meteran, Penggaris, Jarring, Kandang Bebek, Kolam Ikan. Bahan Yang Diperlukan: Benih Padi Varietas Ciherang, Tanaman Azolla, Bebek Pedaging (Jantan) Dan Ikan Nila, Pupuk Kandang Bebek, Pupuk Phonska (N:P:K =15:15:15),Urea (N 46%) Dan Za (N 21%), Pestisida Nabati. Metode Yang Digunakan Adalah Rak, Terdiri :(K) Konvensional (Petani Lokal),(P1) Integrasi Padi + Pupuk Kandang Bebek, (P2) Integrasi Padi + Pupuk Kandang Bebek + Azolla, (P3) Integrasi Padi + Pupuk Kandang Bebek, Azolla + Bebek Pedaging (Jantan), (P4) Integrasi Padi + Pupuk Kandang Bebek, Azolla + Ikan Nila, (P5) Integrasi Padi + Pupuk Kandang Bebek + Bebek + Ikan Nila. Pengamatan Dilakukan Pada 2, 4, 6, 8, 10, 12 Dan 14 Mst. Pengamatan Terdiri Dari Tiga Aspek ; Jumlah Anakan Per Rumpun, Luas Daun Per Rumpun Dengan Menggunakan Lam, Bobot Kering Total Tanaman Per Rumpun Dengan Menimbang Seluruh Bagian Tanaman Yang Telah Dioven Pada Suhu 81°C Selama 2 X 24 Jam Hingga Diperoleh Bobot Konstan (G). (2) Jumlah Malai Per Rumpun, Bobot Gabah Kering Panen (Per 100 M2), Bobot 1000 Butir Gabah (G), Jumlah Gabah Per Malai, Bobot Kering Total Tanaman Saat Panen (G). (3) Analisis Pertumbuhan Tanaman, Indeks Luas Daun (Ild), Laju Pertumbuhan Tanaman Cgr.. Pengamatan Bebek Dan Ikan, Berat Bebek, Ikan Dan Azolla Setelah Panen, Data Yang Diperoleh Dari Hasil Pengamatan Dianalisis Dengan Menggunakan Analisis Ragam (Uji F) Pada Taraf 5% Untuk Mengetahui Pengaruh Perlakuan Dan Apabila Terdapat Pengaruh Nyata Maka Akan Dilanjutkan Dengan Uji Bnt Pada Taraf 5%. Integrasi Perlakuan Paling Kompleks (P5) Yakni Integrasi Padi, Pupuk Kandang Bebek, Bebek, Ikan Dan Azolla Berpengaruh Nyata Pada Pertumbuhan Dan Hasil Tanaman Padi. Hasil Panen Per Hektar Yang Lebih Tinggi Didapatkan Pada Tanaman Yang Diberi Perlakuan Sistem Integrasi Kompleks (P5) (8,44 Ton Ha-1) Sedangka Pada Perlakuan Konvensional (K) Hasil Panen Yang Didapatkan Tidak Berbeda Nyata Dengan Perlakuan Komples (P5) (7,28 Ton Ha-1).

English Abstract

Green Revolution Gave Negative Impact Especially On Environmental Sustainability. One Of The Systems That Can Be Improving Environmental Conditions I.E. The System That Integrates Agriculture Environmentally Friendly Farming Between Different Plants With Farm Animals And Minimizing The Use Of Chemical Input. According To Suriapermana Et Al., 1990 Integration Rice-Ducks-Fish Edible Can Give A Profit Of As Much As Rp.889.000-Rp.1.160.000/Growing Season, Where 12,4-14,7 Percent Of Them Are Derived From The Maintenance Of Ducks. Intregasi System Of Rice And Cattle Ducks Have Function As Fertilisator, Pestisidator, As Well As Herbisidator (Mahfudz Et Al., 2004 ). Azolla Can Be Combined With A System Of Integration Padi-Itik-Ikan As Feed Ducks And Fish. Batan , ( 2006 ) Said By Inoculation 200 Gr Fresh Azolla / M Give The Best Result Against Dry Weight Per A Clump Of Plants , The Result Of Grain 63,60g/A Clump. Planting Patterns Rows Legowo Can Give An Advantage That Synergistic Against Maintenance Of The Fish Ducks And The Use Of Azolla.According To Bobihoe, ( 2011 ) Rows Legowo Planting Could Increase Rice Productivity 12-22 % And The Number Of Clumps Of Rice Increases Until 33 % Per Ha. The Purpose Of This Research Was Study The Rice Plant Response To The Integration Of Rice - Ducks Fish - Azolla ( The Agricultural System Environmentally Friendly Use Pattern With Rows Of Planting Legowo. The Hypothesis Advanced By The Growth There Are Response Rice Plants On Treatment Most Komplek P5 That Will Increase By The Presence Of Rice Integration – Fish - Ducks - Azolla Compared With Less Complex Treatment. The Research Conducted In May-August 2014 In Kepanjen, Malang Village, With An Elevation Of 335 M Above Sea Level, The Temperature Mean 25o C - 27o C. Tools Used: Lam, Analytic Scales, Ovens, Cameras, Hoes, Plastic, Tape Measure, Ruler, Duck Cage, Fish Pond. The Material Required Is: Seed Varieties Of Ciherang Rice, Plant Azolla, Duck And Cat Fish, Manure Duck, Fertilizer Phonska (N:P:K=15:15:15), Urea (N 46 %) And Za (N 21 %), Vegetable Pesticides. Methods Used Is A Rak , Consisting: (K) Conventional/Local Farmers, (P1) Rice Integration + Manure Duck, (P2) Integration Rice + Manure Duck + Azolla, (P3) Rice Integration + Manure Duck , Azolla + Duck, (P4) Rice Integration + Manure Duck , Azolla + Cat Fish, (P5) Rice Integration + Manure Duck + Duck + Cat Fish. The Observation Conducted In 2, 4, 6, 8, 10,12 And 14 Wap. The Observation Consisting Of Three Aspects; The Number Of Saplings Per Hill, Broad Leaves Per Clumps With The Use Of Lam, The Total Weight Of Dry Plant Per Clumps With Weighing The Whole Plant That Has Been In The Oven At A Temperature 81o C During The 2 X 24 Hours Until Obtained The Weight Of A Constant (G). (2) Panicles Per Hill, The Weighting Of Dry Grain Harvest (100 Meters), The Weight Of 1000 Grains, The Amount Of Rice Per Panicles, The Total Weight Of Dry Plant At Harvest (G). (3) The Analysis Of Plant Growth , The Leaf Area Index (Lai), The Rate Of Growth Of Plants (Rgr). The Observation Of Duck And Fish , The Weight Of A Duck , Fish And Azolla After The Harvest. The Data Obtained From The Observation Analyzed By Using Analysis Variety Of (F Test) The First 5% To Know The Influence Of Treatment And If There Was The Influence Of Real And Will Be Continued With The Bnt The First 5 Percent. The Integration Of The Most Complex Treatment (P5) Namely The Integration Of Rice , Manure Duck , Duck , Fish And Azolla Real Influence On Growth And The Results Of The Rice Plant. Crop Yields Per Hectare Higher Obtained In Plants That Were Given Treatment System Integration Complex (P5) (8,44 Tons Ha-1) While On The Conventional Treatment (K) Harvest Results Obtained Are No Different With Real Treatment Komples (P5) (7,28 Ha-1) Tons.

Other Language Abstract

UNSPECIFIED

Item Type: Thesis (Sarjana)
Identification Number: SKR/FP/2015/223/051503672
Subjects: 600 Technology (Applied sciences) > 631 Specific techniques; apparatus, equipment materials > 631.5 Cultivation and harvesting
Divisions: Fakultas Pertanian > Budidaya Pertanian
Depositing User: Budi Wahyono
URI: http://repository.ub.ac.id/id/eprint/130209
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