BKG

Eismawan, Adi (2014) Kajian Jenis Dan Dosis Pupuk Organik Terhadap Produksi Tanaman Buncis Tegak (Phaseolus Vulgaris L.). Sarjana thesis, Universitas Brawijaya.

Indonesian Abstract

Buncis tegak (Phaseolus vulgaris L) merupakan salah satu sayuran kelompok kacang- kacangan yang digemari masyarakat, dikarenakan kacang buncis ialah tanaman penghasil protein nabati, dan memiliki kandungan gizi yang cukup tinggi dan lengkap. Berdasarkan data BPS (2013), pada tahun 2009 produksi buncis ialah 290,993 ton dan tahun 2010 produksi buncis mengalami sedikit peningkatan menjadi 336,494 ton, namun pada tahun 2011 dan 2012 produksi buncis mengalami penurunan menjadi 334,659 ton dan 322,566 ton. Kondisi tersebut mendorong perlunya usaha peningkatan produksi buncis melalui budidaya pertanian dengan mengoptimalkan sumberdaya lokal yang ada, guna mencapai potensi hasil yang optimal. Penelitian ini akan mengkaji pengaruh jenis dan dosis pupuk organik terhadap produksi tanaman buncis tegak. Penggunaan jenis dan dosis pupuk organik diperkirakan akan mempengaruhi produksi tanaman buncis. Hipotesis dalam penelitian ini adalah terdapat jenis pupuk dan dosis organik yang tepat yaitu perlakuan pupuk pupuk kandang sapi+ jerami dengan dosis masing- masing 10 t ha-1, sehingga mendapatkan produksi buncis tegak paling tinggi. Penelitian ini dilakukan dengan menggunakan Rancangan Acak Lengkap. dengan 15 perlakuan dan 3 kali ulangan. Sehingga didapatkan 45 unit percobaan yaitu: P1: Pupuk kandang sapi 10 t ha-1 , P2:Pupuk kandang sapi 15 t ha-1, P3: Pupuk kandang sapi 20 t ha-1, P4: Pupuk T.diversifolia 10 t ha-1, P5: Pupuk T.diversifolia 15 t ha-1, P6: Pupuk T.diversifolia 20 t ha-1, P7: Pupuk Jerami 10 t ha-1, P8: Pupuk Jerami 15 t ha-1, P9: Pupuk Jerami 20 t ha-1, P10:Pupuk kandang sapi 5 t ha-1+ T.diversifolia 5 t ha-1, P11: Pupuk kandang sapi 7,5 t ha-1+ T.diversifolia 7,5 t ha-1, P12: Pupuk kandang sapi 10 t ha-1+ T.diversifolia 10 t ha-1, P13: Pupuk kandang sapi 5 t ha-1+ jerami 5 t ha-1, P14: Pupuk kandang sapi 7,5 t ha-1+ jerami 7,5 t ha-1, P15: Pupuk kandang sapi 10 t ha-1+ jerami 10 t ha-1. Bibit yang digunakan adalah bibit unggul varietas Gypsy. Bibit akan ditanam di polybag dan setiap plot per perlakuan berisi 5 polybag. Pengamatan tanaman dilakukan dengan cara non destruktif. Pengamatan non-destruktif meliputi pengamatan pertumbuhan dan pengamatan panen. Analisis data pengamatan dengan menggunakan analisis Duncan Multiple Range Test (DMRT) dengan tingkat 5%. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan perlakuan pupuk kandang sapi 10 t ha-1 + jerami 10 t ha-1 memberikan pengaruh yang nyata terhadap produksi buncis tegak dibandingkan perlakuan lainnya. Perlakuan tersebut juga menghasilkan perbedaan yang nyata terhadap peningkatan tinggi tanaman, jumlah daun, luas daun, indeks luas daun, jumlah polong, bobot polong, dan jumlah biji dibandingkan perlakuan pupuk dengan jenis dan dosis yang berbeda.

English Abstract

Kidney beans (Phaseolus vulgaris L) is one of the vegetable group nuts are popular with the public. Because of Kidney beans crops is one of the vegetable protein, nutrient content and composition of bean pods high enough and complete. Based on data from the Badan Pusat Statistik Republik Indonesia (2013), in 2009 the productivity of beans is 290.993 tons, in 2010, productivity of beans increase into 336.494 tons, but in 2011 and 2012 productivity beans decreased to 334.659 and 322.566. These conditions encourage need for efforts to increase beans productivity through agricultural cultivation by optimum existing local resources. The use of organic fertilizer with the right dose for the cultivation of Kidney beans still need to be sought in order to achieve optimum yield potential. This reseacrh will be examine the effect of different types and doses of organic fertilizers on the production of Kidney bean plants. The use of different types and doses of organic fertilizers is expected to affect the production of bean plants. The hypothesis of this study is that there are types of organic fertilizers and the proper dosage that fertilizer treatment of cow manure + straw with each dose of 10 t ha-1, so as to get the highest production of Kidney beans. The research was conducted using completely randomized design. with 15 treatments and 3 replications. So the obtained 45 experimental units, namely: P1: cow manure 10 t ha-1, P2: cow manure 15 t ha-1, P3: cow manure 20 t ha-1, P4: Fertilizer T.diversifolia 10 t ha -1, P5: Fertilizer T.diversifolia 15 t ha-1, P6: Fertilizer T.diversifolia 20 t ha-1, P7: Fertilizer Straw 10 t ha-1, P8: Fertilizer Straw 15 t ha-1, P9: Fertilizer Straw 20 t ha-1, P10: cow manure 5 t ha-1 + T.diversifolia 5 t ha-1, P11: cow manure 7.5 t ha-1 + T.diversifolia 7.5 t ha-1, P12: cow manure 10 t ha-1 + T.diversifolia 10 t ha-1, P13: cow manure 5 t ha-1 + straw 5 t ha-1, P14: cow manure 7.5 t ha-1 + straw 7.5 t ha-1, P15: cow manure 10 t ha-1 straw + 10 t ha-1. The seeds used were seeds varieties Gypsy. Seedlings will be planted in polybags and every plot per treatment contains 5 polybag. Observations of plants is done by non-destructive. Observations included the observation of non-destructive observation of growth and harvest. Analysis of observational data using Duncans Multiple Range Test (DMRT) at 5% level. The results showed that the treatment of cow manure at 10 t ha-1 + straw at 10 t ha-1 gave significant effect on the production of Kidney beans than other treatments. Such treatment also resulted in a noticeable difference to the increase in plant height, leaf number, leaf area, leaf area index, number of pods, pod weight and number of seeds compared with the fertilizer treatment of different types and doses.

Other Language Abstract

UNSPECIFIED

Item Type: Thesis (Sarjana)
Identification Number: SKR/FP/2014/427/051407820
Subjects: 600 Technology (Applied sciences) > 631 Specific techniques; apparatus, equipment materials > 631.5 Cultivation and harvesting
Divisions: Fakultas Pertanian > Budidaya Pertanian
Depositing User: Budi Wahyono
URI: http://repository.ub.ac.id/id/eprint/129905
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